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fragments of new truth, or more exact adjustments good,' this signifies that they had only a rclalive of old truth, may be perpetually expected. Lastly, goodness ; and this is the sponge which wipes out we shall reply, that the objection to a revelation's all the difficulties which are to be found in the being consigned to a "book” is singularly inap- Laws of Moses." This is a truth which we are posite, considering that by the constitution of the persuaded a profound philosophy will understand world and of human nature, man, without books- the better the more deeply it is revolved; and without the power of recording, transmitting, and only those legislative pedants will refuse weight perpetuating thought, of rendering it permanent to it, who would venturously propose to give New and diffusive-ever is, ever has been, and ever Zealanders and Hottentots, in the starkness of must be little better than a savage; and, therefore, their savage ignorance, the complex forms of the if there was to be a revelation at all, it might fairly British constitution. In a similar manner, many be expected that it would be communicated in this of the old objections of our deistical writers have form ; thus affording us one more analogy, in ceased to be heard of in our day, unless it be from addition to the many which Butler has stated, and the lips of the veriest sciolism ; the objections, which may in time be multiplied without end, be- for instance, of that truly pedantic philosophy tween “ Revealed Religion and the Constitution which once argued that ethical and religious truth and Course of Nature."
are not given in the Scripture in a system such as And this leads us to notice a saying of that a schoolman might have digested it into; as if comprehensive genius, which we do not recollect the brief iteration and varied illustration of preghaving seen quoted in connection with recent con- nant truth, intermingled with narrative, parable, troversies, but which is well worthy of being borne and example, were not infinitely better adapted to in mind, as teaching us to beware of hastily assum- the condition of the human intellect in general ! ing that objections to Revelation, whether suggested For similar reasons, the old objection, that stateby the progress of science, or from the supposed ments of Christian morality are given without the incongruity of its own contents, are unanswerable. requisite limitations, and cannot be literally acted We are not, he says, rashly to suppose that we upon, has been long since abandoned as an absurdhave arrived at the true meaning of the whole of ity. It is granted that a hundred folios could not that book. “ It is not at all incredible that a book contain the hundredth part of all the limitations of which has been so long in the possession of man- human actions, and all the possible cases of a conkind should contain many truths as yet undiscerned. tentious casuistry ; and it is also granted that For all the same phenomena and the same faculties human nature is not so inept as to be incapable of of investigation, from which such great discoveries interpreting and limiting for itself such rules as in natural knowledge have been made in the present “ Whatsoever ye would that men should do to you, and last age, were equally in the possession of do ye even so to them.” mankind several thousand years before.” These In the same manner have many of the objections words are worthy of Butler ; and as many illus- suggested at different periods by the progress of trations of their truth have been supplied since his science been dissolved ; and amongst the rest, day, so many others may fairly be anticipated in those alleged from the romote historic antiquity of the course of time. Several distinct species of certain nations on which infidels, like Volney and argument for the truth of Christianity from the Voltaire, once so confidently relied. And it is very structure and contents of the books containing worthy of remark, that some of the old objections it have been invented—of which Paley's " Horæ of philosophers have disappeared by the aid of Paulinæ" is a memorable example. The diligent that very science-geology—which has led, as collation of the text, too, has removed many diffi- every new branch of science probably will, to new culties; the diligent study of the original languages, ones. Geology has, however, in our judgment, of ancient history, manners and customs, has done at least as much already to remove difficulties cleared up many more ; and by supplying proofs as to occasion them ; and it is not illogical, or of accuracy where error or falsehood had been perhaps unfair, to surmise that, if we will only charged, has supplied important additions to the have patience, its own difficulties, as those of so evidence which substantiates the truth of Revela- many other branches of science, will be eventually tion. Against the alleged absurdity of the Laws solved. One thing is clear--that, if the Bible be of Moses, again, such works as that of Micholis true and geology be true, that cannot be geologihave disclosed much of that relative wisdom which cally true which is scripturally false, or vice versâ ; aims not at the abstractedly best, but the best which and we may therefore laugh at the polite comproa given condition of humanity, a given period of mise which is sometimes affected by learned prothe world's history, and a given purpose, could fessors of theology and geology respectively. All dictate. In pondering such difficulties as still we demand of either—all that is needed—is, that remain in those laws, we may remember the they refrain from a too hasty conclusion of absolute answer of Sulon to the question, whether he had contradictions between their respective sciences, and given the Athenians the best laws; viz., that he had retain a quiet remembrance of the imperfection given them the best of which they were capable : of our present knowledge both of geology and, as or the judgment of the illustrious Montesquieu, Butler says, of the Bible. The recent interprewho remarks, “When Divine Wisdom said to the tation of the commencement of Genesis—by which Jews, 'I have given you precepts which are not the first verse is simply supposed to affirm the original creation of all things, while the second immedi- | English*, Latin Italian, and ancient Greek modern ately refers to the commencement of the human econ- (though these languages have been affected by omy ; passing by those prodigious cycles which every conceivable cause of variation and depravageology demands, with a silence worthy of a true tion ;) that it would require hundreds of thousands, revelation, which does not pretend to gratify our nay inillions, of years to account for the production, curiosity as to the previous condition of our globe, by known natural causes, of the vast multitude of any more than our curiosity as to the history of other totally distinct languages, and tens of thousands worlds-was first suggested by geology, though of dialects, which man now utters. On the other suspected and indeed anticipated by some of the hand, the geologist is more and more persuaded early Fathers. But it is now felt by multitudes to be of the comparatively recent origin of the human the more reasonable interpretation—the second verse race. What, then, is to harmonize these concertainly more naturally suggesting previous revo. flicting statements ? Will it not be curious if lutions in the history of the earth than its then instant it should turn out that nothing can possibly harcreation : and though we frankly concede that we monize them but the statement of Genesis, that in have not yet seen any account of the whole first order to prevent the natural tendency of the race chapter of Genesis which quadrates with the doc- to accumulate on one spot, and to facilitate their trines of geology, it does not become us hastily dispersion and destined occupancy of the globe, a to conclude that there can be none. If a further preternatural intervention expedited the operation adjustment of those doctrines, and a more diligent of the causes which would gradually have given investigation of the Scriptures, together, should birth to distinct languages ? Of the probability hereafter suggest any possible harmony—though of this intervention, some profound philologists not the true one, but one ever so gratuitously as- have, on scientific grounds alone, expressed their sumed-it will be sufficient to neutralize the conviction. But in all such matters, what we objection. This, it will be observed, is in accord- plead for is only-patience; we wish not to dogance with what has already been shown—that matize ; all we ask is philosophic abstinence from wherever an objection is founded on apparent con- dogmatism. In relation to many difficulties, what tradiction between two statements, it is sufficient is now a reasonable exercise of faith may one day to show any possible way in which the statements be rewarded by a knowledge which on those parmay be reconciled, whether the true one or not. ticular points may terminate it. And, in such The objection, in that case, to the supposition that ways, it is surely conceivable that a great part of the facts are gratuitously assumed, though often the objections against Revelation may, in time, disurged, is in reality, nothing to the purpose.* If appear; and, though other objections may be the it should ever be shown, for example, that sup- result of the progress of the older sciences or the posing as many geological eras as the philosopher origination of new, the solution of previous objecrequires to have passed in the chasm between the tions, together with the additions, to the evidences
which asserts the original dependence of Christianity, external and internal, which the of all things on the fiat of the Creator, and the study of history and of the Scriptures may supply, second, which is supposed to commence the human and the still brighter light cast by the progress of era, any imaginable condition of our system-at Christianity and the fulfilment of its prophecies, the close, so to speak, of a given geological period may inspire increasing confidence that the new —would harmonize with a fair interpretation of objections are also destined to yield to similar solthe first chapter of Genesis, the objection will be vents. Meanwhile, such new difficulties, and neutralized.
those more awful and gigantic shadows which we We have little doubt in our minds that the ulti- have no reason to believe will ever be chased from mately converging, though, it may be, transiently the sacred page-mysteries which probably could discrepant conclusions of the sciences of philology, not be explained from the necessary limitation of ethnology, and geology (in all of which we may our faculties, and are, at all events, submitted to
us as a salutary discipline of our humilitywill tend to harmonize with the ultimate results will continue to form that exercise of faith which of a more thorough study of the records of the is probably nearly equal in every age—and necesrace as contained in the book of Revelation. Let sary in all ages, if we would be made " little chilus be permitted to imagine one example of such dren," qualified “to enter the kingdom of God.” possible harmony. We think that the philologist In conclusion, we may remark, that while many may engage to make out, on the strictest principles are proclaiming that Christianity is effete, and that, of induction, from the tenacity with which all in the language of M. Proudhon, (who complacommunities cling to their language, and the slow cently says it amidst the ignominious failure of a observed rate of change by which they alter ; by thousand social panaceas of his own age and which Anglo-Saxon, for example, has become country,) it will certainly “die out in about three
hundred years ;'and while many more proclaim * Some admirable remarks in relation to the answers we are bound to give to objections to revealed religion that, as a religion of supernatural origin and have been made hy Leibniz (in reply to Bayle) in the little tract prefixed to his Theodicée, entitled " De la Con- It contains, let us recollect, (after all causes of changes, formité de la Foi avec la Raison.”' He there shows that including a conquest, have been at work upon it,) a rast the utmost that cau fairly be asked is, to prove that the majority of the Saxon words spoken in the time of A fred affirmed ruths involve no necessary contradiction.
--nearly a thousand years ago!
rest assured great discoveries are yet to be made us
supernatural evidence, it is already dying, if not quiry, but that it is now at length discovered to dead; we must beg leave to remind them that, be fictitious. * On the contrary, thus much even if Christianity be false, as they allege, they at least will here be found, not taken for granted, are utterly forgetting the maxims of a cautious but proved, that any reasonable man, who will induction in saying that it will therefore cease to thoroughly consider the matter, may be as much exert dominion over mankind. What proof is assured as lie is of his own being, that it is not, there of this? Whether true or false, it has al- | however, so clear that there is nothing in it.” The ready survived numberless revolutions of human Christian, we conceive, may now say the same 10 opinions, and all sorts of changes and assaults. It the Froudes, and Foxtons, and to much more foris not confined, like other religions, to any one midable adversaries of the present day. Chrisrace—to any one clime-or any one form of politi- tianity, we doubt not, will still live, when they cal constitution. While it transmigrates freely and their works, and the resutations of their works, from race to race, and clime to clime, its chief are alike forgotten ; and a new series of attacks home, too, is still in the bosom of enterprise, and defences shall have occupied for a while (as wealth, science, and civilization ; and it is at so many others have done) the attention of the this moment most powerful amongst the nations world. Christianity, like Rome, has had both the that have most of these. If not true, it has such Gaul and Hannibal at her gates : but as the an appearance of truth as to have satisfied many “ Eternal City" in the latter case calmly offered of the acutest and most powerful intellects of the for sale, and sold, at an undepreciated price, the species ;—a Bacon, a Pascal, a Leibnitz, a Locke, very ground on which the Carthaginian had fixed a Newton, a Butler ;—such an appearance of his camp, with equal calmness may Christianity truth as to have enlisted in its support an immense imitate her example of magnanimity. She may array of genius and learning : genius and learn- feel assured that, as in so many past instances of ing, not only in some sense professional, and often premature triumph, on the part of her enemies, the wrongfully represented as therefore interested, but ground they occupy will one day be its own; that much of both, strictly extra-professional ; animated the very discoveries, apparently hostile, of science to its defence by nothing but a conviction of the and philosophy, will be ultimately found elements force of the arguments by which its truth is sus- of her strength. Thus has it been to a great extained, and that “ hope full of inmortality” which lent with the discoveries in chronology and hisits promises have inspired. Under such circum- tory ; and thus will it be, we are confident, (and stances it must appear equally rash and gratu- to a certain extent has been already,) with those itous to suppose, even if it be a delusion, that an in geology. That science has done much, not institute, which has thus enlisted the sympathies only to render the old theories of Atheism untenof so many of the greatest minds of all races and able, and to familiarize the minds of men to the of all ages—which is alone stable and progressive idea of miracles, by that of successive creations, amidst instability and fluctuation—will soon come but to confirm the scriptural statement of the to an end. Still more absurdly premature is it to comparatively recent origin of our race. Only raise a pæan over its fall, upon every new attack the men of science and the men of theology must upon it, when it has already survived so many. alike guard against the besetting fallacy of their This, in fact, is a tone which, though every age kind-that of too hastily taking for granted that renews it, should long since have been rebuked they already know the whole of their respective by the constant falsification of similar prophecies, sciences, and of forgetting the declaration of the from the time of Julian to the time of Boling- Apostle, equally true of all man's attainments, broke, and from the time of Bolingbroke to the whether in one department of science or another time of Strauss. As Addison, we think, humor- -“We know but in part, and we prophesy but ously tells the Atheist, that he is hasty in his in part.” logic when he infers that if there be no God, Though Socrates perhaps expressed himself too immortality must be a delusion, since, if chance absolutely when he said that “he only knew that has actually found him a place in this bad world, he knew nothing,” yet a tinge of the same spiritit may, perchance, hereafter find him another place a deep conviction of the profound ignorance of the in a worse-so we say, that if Christianity be human mind, even at its best—has ever been a a delusion, since it is a delusion which has been characteristic of the most comprehensive genius. proof against so much of bitter opposition, and It has been a topic on which it has been fond of has imposed upon such hosts of mighty intellects, mournfully dilating. It is thus with Socrates, there is nothing to show that it will not do so still, with Plato, with Bacon, (even amidst all his magin spite of the efforts either of a Proudhon or a nificent aspirations and bold predictions,) with Strauss. Such a tone was, perhaps, never so Newton, with Pascal, and especially with Butler, triumphant as during the heat of the Deistical in whom, if in any, the sentiment is carried to controversy in our own country, and to which excess. We need not say that it is seldom found Butler alludes with so much characteristic but in the writings of those modern speculators who deeply satirical simplicity, in the preface to his rush, in the hardihood of their adventurous logic, great work :-" It is come,” says he, “I know on a solution of the problems of the Absolute and not how, to be taken for granted by many persons the Infinite, and resolve in delightfully brief demthat Christianity is not so much a subject of in-l onstrations the mightiest problems of the universe
BY THOMAS L. HARRIS.
—those great enigmas, from which true philosophy |“ Dimmed with incessant weeping are my eyes ; shrinks, not because it has never ventured to think No home, no friends, no resting-place I know of them, but because it has thought of them where I can sleep; cold stone my couch supplies ; enough to know that it is in vain to attempt their I'm living still! When sounds the midnight bell,
E'en in my dreams I hear the waters flow. solution. To know the limits of human philoso
Then rise the foaming waves in swelling flood ; phy is the “ better part” of all philosophy; and With dripping hair my son—I see him wellthough the conviction of our ignorance is humiliat- Exclaims, . What mother curses her own blood ?' ing, it is, like every true conviction, salutary. I'm living still! Deny not from your store Amidst this night of the soul, bright stars—far An alms to me, the poorest of the poor! distant fountains of illumination—are wont to steal“ Child without parents, sister without brother, out, which shine not while the imagined Sun of
Wife without husband-I am living still! reason is above the horizon ; and it is in that Alone, unloved, unknown, a childless mother, night, as in the darkness of outward nature, that Here is my faithful dog, my only friend ;
Poor, old, and blind—what more my cup to fill? we gain our only true ideas of the illimitable di
And he, ere long, starved at my feet will lie. mensions of the universe, and of our true position Oh that, life's lamp extinct, my woes would end ! in it.
When may I hope to be at peace and die? Meanwhile we conclude that God has created I'm living still! Deny not from your store two great lights,”—the greater light to rule An alms to me, the poorest of the poor !" man's busy day—and that is Reason ; and the
From the N. Y. Tribune. lesser to rule his contemplative night—and that is
THE HEART OF UNBELIEF. Faith.
But Faith itself shines only so long as she Night without star or eve or dawning, gloom reflects some faint illumination from the brighter
Intense and chill and palpable, lay spread orb.
Where sat the Atheist, lone, within a tomb,
Pale watcher of the dead !-
Each beautiful Belief whose living form
Within the spirit ’s Pantheon rose enshrined ; FROM THE GERMAN OF THE FREIHERR VON GAUDY. Each Faith whose radiant wing shed sudden morn
Upon the illumined mind; CROUCHING the brazen pedestal beside
Where Henri Quatre's equestrian figure towers, Each Hope that stood with angel-finger spired Soon as the blush of morn the east has dyed
And, pointing to the illimitable sky, Till sunset heralds the dim twilight hours,
Revealed in tones with inspiration fired A woman sits; from her once beaming eye
The Soul's great destiny ;The light is faded, and her pale cheek's hue All to that unbelieving heart had died, Is corpse-like ; a thin house-dog cowers nigh, Filling with spectral shapes the haunted breast,
While thus her feeble voice for alms doth sue : And left him in the midnight, sorely tried, “I'm living still! Deny not from your store,
Watching their awful rest. An alms to me, the poorest of the poor!
Grave seemed to shout to grave like deep to deep, “My father on the hangman's cart I saw:
The blind worms revelled in the festering sod, Still the mob's cruel jests I seem to hear : And a voice came, as death comes following sleep, I see bloodthirsty poissardes shouting draw
6. There is no Soul, no God!” Their fettered victim to his fatal bier.
“ No Soul, no God!" this wail for evermore He slips-a gory stream is flowing there.
Beat, surging o'er his rigid lips of stone, Hark! · Vive le Roi !' his latest accents say. Like the wild breakers, on some wintry shore, The sharp axe falls ; like thunder rend the air
Making perpetual moan.
Wondering I gazed and mused and wept the while, An alms to me, the poorest of the poor!
When, lo! a seraph passed before my face,
And the calm beauty of his peaceful smile “My mother died in the Salpetrière,
With day filled all the place. I'm living still! My gallant brother fled
“Would'st know,” he said, “ why Pain and Fear Glory and death in La Vendée to share,
and Night And on our father's hearth his life-blood shed.
With dark and desolate pinions o'er him sweep? Me too-a proud count's child—they wedded me
Learn thou that Sin clouds heaven from human To a vile base-born wretch, as lawful prey,
sight: A brutal tyrant's helpless slave to be.
He sowed as he doth
“ Doubt is the eternal shade by Evil cast, An alms to me, the poorest of the poor !
• The vision and the faculty divine' " And I became the mother of a son,
Fall when the spirit o'er its empire vast
Thrones Appetite and Crime. 'T was my delight his joyous face to view : Till with disgust I strove his kiss to shun,
Only the ear in chord with goodness grown, As he each day more like his father grew.
Hears the full tide of Truth's immortal hymn, I cursed him ; from the bridge he sprang to die,
The heart where living virtues bloom alone, Here, from this spot, in the dark stream below;
God's angels enter in ! Yet his last look of tearless agony
“Write the great law in alphabet of flame, God! can I e'er forget that look? Oh no! Sound it with prophecy and psalm abroad ; I'm living still! Deny not from your store Doubt's awful tempests veil the tents of shame : An alms to me, the poorest of the poor !
pure alone see God!”
From Fraser's Magazine. ideas of a hereafter ; why else that men may
become conquerors have they sent so many milTHE BUBBLE GIRL. A HISTORIETTE.
lions of souls to somewhere ! Or rather we I had seen a lassie doin't, and though she couldna' do 't would believe that hell and the tortures of the weel, yet even sic bubbles as she blew—she was a vera bonnie bit lassie-appeared to my imagination mair beau- damned had no existence in their faith, which tifu' than ony ither sicht my een had ever beheld.-The held only lo a houri paradise-an elysium of Ettrick Shepherd, Noctes, 70.
eternal joy-and so sent all those souls there.
Very remarkable was it, says History, that It is July 17th, 1835. Brown, Alderman and until that July day, Brown the younger had never British Merchant, is at fashionable watering-place, been present at the creation of a soap-bubble ! getting old brain-cobwebs blown away by sea
The earth has bubbles as the water hath! breeze : process tiresome enough to him, but ren- Brown junior, however, hitherto appears to dered endurable by help of daily newspaper and have existed in a strange universe without bubbles ! price-current. Brown is there : and his family? Unhappy innocence ! without its bubbles what Son of him is there, young Brown-promising were our childhood worth ! Where hadst thou one day to become a man ; doubtless, also, an lived, existed rather, Othou unlucky Brown? ealder, elder-man, what we now call alder, wooden- Unlucky in youth, wanting insight into bubbles ; man; old Saxon meaning being sacrificed to yet, perhaps, hereafter to be still more unlucky, modern orthography, or, perhaps, to true signifi- experience absent from thee, and the bubbles thy too cance, unfortunately making room for insinua- sanguine faith thought a world of light and beauty tions not of the most complimentary description. lasting as thy life, may suddenly and unexpectedly
At present, however, Brown junior, the unfath- burst, and only a little dirty water remain to thee : omable Past all behind him, is growing up into accompanied by glorious recollections, perhaps, yet the infinite Future, out of morocco slippers with also painful ones, as thou carefully gatherest it up, more or less sand in them—sand which old Ocean that, if possible, Hope may yet again waft it, a has borne from amid unknown ages to that shore, glowing orb, up into that blue infinity, within only from thence to be scooped up by shoe of whose starry depths all that is immortal of thee
Possible angels, brothers and must also one day vanish from time. sisters of him, are there, or are not there-curios
os. For the present, Brown junior stands, hoop in ity, whether laudable or otherwise, questions His hand, at the hotel door ; doubtless, did one know tory of them in vain. Not with them has she to his desires, wishing for a more dog-day fitting do-only with Brown junior lies all interest to occupation than hoop-trundling. When, lo! her ; others, therefore, remain behind in the past, from the shady, cool recesses behind him, lying there forever to dwell in silence amid the un- dark amid icy larders and curtained glass doors, thought-of forgotten.
emerges a vision of endless joy to him, that longedHow few units act and work in what we call for of his soul-a playmate ! Play,” says Jean universal history! Vain biped ! to dream that Paul, “ is the first poetry of the human being.” thou couldst write such a thing. More particu- This poetry now became visible to our young larly absurd, also, to believe that when written it Brown in little daughter of his landlady. Shyly, should be true! Even in such historiette as the yet smilingly, she approaches ; but why, wonderpresent, can we be sure—can we, with any not eth Brown junior, why carries she that clay pipe ? remote degree of certainty, say that this also is why that saucer of—what ? O thou outdweller, true ? And yet must truth be more easily drawn now shalt thou learn a new thing, have a new from deep well in small historiettes than in large world revealed unto thee, to which, for the preshistories—too often marvellously lead-like, super-ent, cycles of hoops, galaxies of marbles, and naturally ponderous ; very apt therefrom to break such like, shall appear utterly insane and worththe rope, and so be lost in great revolutionary less ! splash, disturbing thereby for a time the calm reflex And now she dips the bowl of that long pipe in of infinity. So also in seeking there for truth, the saucer of soapsuds, and gently blowing, raiseth seeker dims by his shadow the light he looks for, wondrous piles of strangely-formed cells, changing seeing in its stead himself. Thus, therefore, ever, and seeming to his wondering eye still more must the truth of all history in some measure be and more beautiful-till, lost in awe, ho sees her shadowed by the individual historian ; a portion lift the bowl from this heaped-up pile of glowing of it be, more or less, a reflection of himself. rainbows and form a globe of sunny, swimming Histories of nations ! histories of confederations ! light. And little Brown, entranced and speechwhat are they at best but dim shadowings forth of less, gazed for the first time at a soap-bubble. feuds, squabbles, fightings, intriguings, and what not, Jighted up by lurid gleams of war-fires, whether internal or external, and of altogether the Beautiful, O childhood, art thou ! Beautiful and most insane way of getting through this life, and many-colored, bright and evanescent, as the sailout of it, conceivable by the cleverest demon! ing globes thy joyous breath gives life to. Incompatible, also, to most apprehensions, with all
Whom the gods love die young.