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that any breath of his should send tainted into the world was there to lead to a suspicion that he was hurt? Cour. persons depending for their subsistence on their charac. voisier was safe, the cook was safe, and why should she ier.” Surely this ought to be sufficient.
Çan suspect that her master was not safe too ?- Times, Juue any disclaimer be more complete ? And yet, in the face 22, 1940. of this, for nine successive years has this most unscrupulous of slanderers reiterated his charge. Not quite three weeks ago he recurs to it in these terms:--" How much worse was the attempt of Mr. Phillips to throw the suspicion of the murder of Lord William Russell on the innocent female servants, in order to procure the acquittal of his client, Courvoisier, of whose guilt he was cognizant!" I have read with care the whole report in the Times of that three hours' speech, and I do not find a passage lo give this charge countenance.- Times, Nov. 20, 1819.
It will be observed that Mr. Phillips silently posing that the murder had been committed by admits, at the opening of the last passage quoted some one who had opportunities of easy access to from his exculpation, that he had cast aspersions the bed-room of the victim ; and it was in the of guilt upon the female servants during cross- nature of things inevitable, that in proportion examination, and before he had received his as the guilt of the deed was thrown off a susclient's confession. But let the reader honestly pected person who lived or acted in its proximity, say whether the passages quoted from his speech it would have the tendency to gravitate to other after he knew Courvoisier's guilt were not calcu- persons similarly obnoxious 10 suspicion. Mr. Jated to strengthen, rather than remove, the effect Phillips has favored us with a description of his of previous aspersions. Is not the guilt of a fore- restless night before he delivered his speech, knowledge of the murder, if not of the murder whereby it would seem, such is the effect of that itself, distinctly implied? With this impression, golden link which is called the honorarium, that embiltered by our knowledge of the subsequent a conscientious professional man, feed by a murfate of this unhappy woman,* we lately worded derer and afflicted with nocturnal visions, does not the charge against Mr. Phillips in such manner as hear the aged and butchered victim crying for juspossibly to have conveyed our belief in his inten- tice, but the cowardly and quivering assassin tion to procure the actual death of the innocent. shrieking for impunity. But supposing Mr. That he had any such intention, however, at any Phillips' strenuous efforts to have been rewarded. period, was no assumption of ours. It has been by a verdict, would he have dreamt of the fee he seen how we treated the assertion when it was had earned, or of the innocence he had placed in made by others. What the effect of his remarks jeopardy? might have been is a different and more serious It is no desire of ours that has again dragged question ; and this is in no respect qualified by us into these painful details, and we have pursued the formal disclaimer on which he now relies for them with a scrupulous avoidance of exaggerahis vindication. To disclaim a reference in the tion or overstatement. It is very possible that presence of actual and direct insinuations is one Mr. Phillips, from the moment he heard the conof the fouler .artifices of rhetoric—nothing more. fession, would rather have spared the wrong to
Our plain and distinct averment against Mr. the female servants : but the foul work of destroyPhillips is, that, with a perfect knowledge where ing their credibility and character, which was his the guilt lay, he endeavored to cast the suspicion only chance of a verdiet, had 10 be persisted in; of the guilt upon the innocent. To that averment and it is probable that in his own despite thero we in all respects adhere.
crept into his speech, in connection with less Consider ihe circumstances in which the insin- i grave imputations, passages already prepared in uations were thrown out. It was not doubted by accordance with his first day's examination. Mr. any one that an old man had been murdered in Phillips, as we need not say to such as are unhaphis sleep; the strongest reasons existed for sup-pily familiar with his effusions, or have read the
extracts just taken from the speech impugned and * An advertisement is now before us, which appeared the letter which defends it, has but a beggarly in the pullic papers some time after the trial, to which oratorical wardrobe. He has liule change of unhappily no effectual response was made, and which was followed by the announcement, a little later, that dress for a change of occasion. He has had to Sarah Mancer was the inmate of a pauper lunatic asylum. furbish up a very scanty collection of tawdry rags SARAH, MANCER, the housemaid to the late Lord William and ornaments for his various public appearances ;
Russell. — The persecutions this poor women oderwent, the and we can easily conceive his inability 10 meet a the providential discovery of the guilt of Courvoisier, have so sudden demand for inflated and bombastic epitheis prostrated her mental facillies a bulily strength
3.0 unfit and sentences, other than were already composed her for those duties her station in life have called her to. persons have, therefore, ventured this appeal to public charity; for the day's display. “His poverty and not his for the purpose of raising a fund to be applied in alleviation of her present and future wants.
will consented.” But the plea was not a good Even the miscreant murderer himself
, in his last and used it to excuse his vending of poison, and it
one in the mouth of the beggarly wretch who apparently most authentic confession, 'made to Sheriff Evans, "expressed much regret that any imputation will as little avail Mr. Phillips for the voiding of should for a inoment have been cast upon either of the foul insinuations. The vice of his example has poor unoffending female servants who had been so unforiunate as to have been in the house with him."
had as perorcious an effect as if it had reflected the utmost vice of intention; and to this we have question imperfectly. It is one of personal and directed our strictures.
professional morality. Mr. Baron Parke has deposed, in favor of Mr. Mr. Phillips charges the Examiner with having Phillips, that he narrowly watched him during the invented” the accusations against him which have delivery of his speech, and that he had carefully been under notice, and introduces slanderer, coiner, abstained, throughout it, from giving any personal libel-mint, and the like Old Bailey epithets, into opinion in the case. But Mr. Baron Parke must his tawdry and ill-written letter.
These things have been somewhat wanting in attention to what do not affect us in the least. This journal is passed from Mr. Phillips, if he detected no delib- before the public from week to week, and for more erate falsehood, very strongly involving "personal than thirty years it has not appeared in a court of opinion," in Mr. Phillips' reiterated solemn assev- law to meet even a charge of libel. We know erations that the OMNISCIENT GOD ALONE KNEW of nothing that should make us acknowledge who did the crime, and that Courvoisier's guilt, interests superior to what we believe to be the supposing him guilty, was KNOWN TO ALMIGHTY public interests, and we take no fees to disturb our GOD ALONE—the speaker having at the time, as dreams. The only libeller affected in this affair Mr. Baron Parke well knew, a knowledge of the is Mr. Phillips himself, and the worst of his libels person by whom the murder was committed, Mr. is that upon his own profession. Passages stand Clarkson also possessing that knowledge, and Mr. at the head of this article which will have told Baron Parke himself having been made privy to the reader what honorable men in practice at the that knowledge.
bar have heretofore thought of the practice of Mr. Nothing in truth is so easy, in cases of this Phillips ; nor do we think it likely that their verkind, as to convey all sorts of " personal opinion" dict, which may be said to have passed into history, without direct commitment of the person. Chief has any chance of being now reversed. That a Justice Tindal, being appealed to, confirmed Mr. man may not desend a client whom he even knows Baron Parke's statement; but, with all respect for to be guilty, we have never said. But if he does the memory of that distinguished and upright so, he is precluded from urging anything in the magistrate, we rate his charge to the jury at a case which the guilty man himself would not have higher value than his corroboration of his brother had the right to urge. The barriers which the judge. The greater part of Chief Justice Tindal's law has thrown up against illegal conviction are summing up was directed to the removal of suspi- as fairly the safeguard of the guilty as of the cions of an unjust and depraved conspiracy” innocení, but the advocate of the guilty has 10 plotted by the witnesses against the prisoner, to stand with his weapons of defence at these alone. the clearing away stains from the characters of the It is for the benefit of society that he should repremaid servants, to the removal of imputations sent his client to the extent of giving him every against the respectability of Madame Piolaine, and advantage of his knowledge of law, of his skill in to the unloosing such epithets as “ miscreant blood- sifting evidence, and of his means of giving due hounds” and “inquisitorial ruffians" from members significance to facts, but not, as we before remarked, of the police-with all which various falsehoods to the extent of lying for him, far less of making Mr. Phillips had done his best to inoculate the false charges against others, or of blackening the jury. “ Personal opinion” might hav
the least character of witnesses whom he knows to have possible to do with any of these charges ; but the been speaking truly. This is no man's right. It question whether the origination of such charges cannot be possessed, and therefore cannot be transby any other means was allowable, still remains. ferred. “ No counsel,” said Lord Langdale in Mr. Phillips avowed that he knew nothing, and the case of Hutchinson v. Stephens, supposes could therefore have had no " personal opinion," himself to be the mere advocate or agent of his of Madame Piolaine ; but he nevertheless assumed client, to gain a victory, if he can, on a particular a right to throw wicked aspersions on her, and did occasion. The zeal and the arguments of every his best to render her discharge of a sacred social counsel, knowing what is due to himself and his duty not matter of consolatory reflection, but of honorable profession, are qualified not only by conpainful and degrading recollection. Mr. Phillips siderations affecting his own character as a man of knew on Friday morning that his client had com- honor, experience, and learning, but also by con mitted the murder, although at midday on Satur-siderations affecting the general interests of justice.” day he solemnly asseverated that the Omniscient Is there any man of honor, experience, and learn God alone knew who did it; and there was unde-ing, who does not agree with Lord Langdale ? niably as much "personal opinion” in this as was Mr. Phillips naturally seeks a more congenial required for the composition of a deliberate false- model, and appeals to a dictum of Lord Brougham, hood, with something like blasphemy to support it. thrown out, as he bombastically phrases it, “even On the other hand it needed no " personal opinion” to the affronting of a king.” Destroying the to alarm the jury with threatened dangers to their character of a maid servant, we are simple enough Bernal salvation ; nor was it necessary that “per- to think, implies a higher stretch of moral recksonal opinion” should have had anything to do lessness than the affronting of a king ; but we with the dismissal of Sarah Mancer to a destiny confess to little sympathy with the courage involved hardly less dreadful than that of the murdered or in either. “An advocate," said Lord Brougham, the murderer. Personal opinion touches the whole defending Queen Caroline, " by the sacred duty which he owes his client, knows, in the discharge ful flourishes of the knife, where the blood flows of that office, but one person in the world, that at every stroke. Most of these pieces have seen CLIENT AND NONE OTHER. To save that client by the light before, but the connoisseurs of this pecuall expedient means—to protect that client at all liar branch of literature, in which Mr. Willis is hazards and costs to all others, and among others unique, in this country, will be glad to possess to himself—is the highest and most unquestioned them in a permanent form. Their gay persiflage, of his duties ; and hc must not regard the alarm, their insight into human weakness, their mirrorthe suffering, the torment, the destruction, which he like reflection of the glancing phases of society, may bring upon any other.” A more detestable their fine descriptive touches, to say nothing of doctrine than this, or one that, if generally acted their occasional brilliant diabolism, are qualities on, would more surely break down the whole which will always make them attractive, in spite framework of society, it is impossible to inagine ; of the many short-comings with which they imand it would be unjust, even to Lord Brougham, press us in our critical moods. to attribute it to any more deliberate origin than Poems, by James Russell Lowell. In Two the profoundly parasitical desire to exaggerate the
Volumes. Boston : Ticknor, Reed & Fields. moral obligation which had forced him, in that
New York : Sold by G. P. Putnam. special case, into opposition to George IV. It was This is a revised edition of Lowell's poems, in reserved for Mr. Phillips to make it a common rule the gant costume which always adorns the tasteof practice ; and, by such advocacy as that for ful publications of Messrs. Ticknor & Co. SevCourvoisier, to separate himself forever, in fame eral poems are left out of the first volume, and and character, from the class of advocates described their places supplied by selections from an earlier by Lord Langdale.
volume published in 1841. The sebond volume Bentham has compared the relation of barrister contains some additional poems of a recent date. and client to a compact of guilt between two con- This edition is a grateful New-Year's gift to the federated malefactors ; and what better would it be wide circle of the author's admirers, and will inif duty to a client justified such revolting aggres- crease his high reputation, with all who love to see sion upon the innocent, such wicked perversion of the aspirations of idealized humanity expressed in truth, such solemn asseveration of falsehood, such bold, earnest, and vigorous poetry. abuse of the tribunal and forms of justice into engines of the worst injustice, as were presented American Historical and Literary Curiosities. Colin the defence of Courvoisier by Mr. Charles
lected and Edited by J. J. Šmith and JOHN T.
Watson. New York: G. P. Putnam. Phillips? [ As this is a subject of great importance, we shall delight the eyes of amateurs. Among other vari
This is a regular-built curiosity shop, and will probably continue it next week.—Living Age.]
eties which it comprises may be found a fac-simile
of the celebrated Pitcher portrait of Washington, NEW BOOKS.
several letters from General Washington in exact People I Have Met; or, Pictures of Society and
resemblance of the original hand-writing, an autoPeople of Mark, drawn under a thin veil of graph autobiography of John Adams and of ChiefFiction. By N. P. Willis. New York: Baker Justice Marshall, an Indian Gazette, Curious Title & Scribner.
Pages from Books in the Philadelphia Library, a This quaint title might lead those who are un- variety of Autographs of modern authors, Bancroft, skilled in the mysteries of modern book-craft, to Percival, Longfellow, Halleck, Poe, Whittier, anticipate a different vein of writing from what Brownson, Dr. Channing, R. H. Dana, Edward they will find in the present amusing volume. Everett, N. P. Willis, Nathaniel Hawthorne, and Instead of a gallery of portraits of world-renowned others, the Commission of Benedict Arnold as celebrities, impressed on the memory of the author Major-General, Title Page of Elliot's Indian Bible, from his wanderings in many lands, it is a series with many other antiquarian speciinens of no less of light, sparkling, pictorial sketches of society
interest. This curious work is rich in associations and manners, in which, if any personalities are and suggestions of the olden time, and is well described, they are so shaded off with the bold suited to piece out the broken links of conversation touches of a rapid pencil, that it would not be easy
in fashionable drawing-rooms. for their own “ maternal relative" to perceive Visions and Voices, by JAMES Stanton Babcock. their identity. The exceptions to this rule are not Hartford : Edwin Hunt. New York: Baker very numerous, and those, it must be confessed, & Scribner. are for the most part so sublimely audacious, that This volume consists of a collecton of posthu. when intended for satire, the point of the arrow is rous poetry, by an author whose promise of blunted by the savage energy with which it is future distinction was cut off by an early dealis. thrown. In general, this volume consists of a variety He was a ripe and accomplished scholar, possessing of off-hand, good-natured descriptions, clothed in the a highly cultivated taste and no ordinary power of fine, transparent, gossamer web of a subtle fancy, reflection and imagination. An interesting bier which the writer always uses with such magical graphical notice is prefixed to the volume, and effect; though at times the artist gives place to the several philosophical fragments in prose are dissecter, and we are then treated to certain grace given at its close.
From the New York Tribune.
The Life and Correspondence of Robert Southey. The Iliad of Homer. Translateri ly R. Cowper.
Part I. Edited by his Son, CHARLES CUTHBERT
An elegant reprint of Southey's edition of this York : Harper & Brothers.
work has just been issued by G. P. Putnam, with
notes by the American editors, M. A. Dwight, This volume opens with recollections of South- and E. P. Peabody, of Boston—both women of ey's early life, written by himself in a series of the literary taste and cultivation which eminently letters to a friend. They are characterized by the qualify them for the task. It contains illustranäiveté and graceful ease of expression which give tions from Flaxman's adr rable designs. We such a perpetual charm to his narrative style. The need not say that Cowper's rugged, though biography in this part is brought down by the expressive and life-like, version is preferred by editor to the twenty-fifth year of Southey's age, most lovers of Homer, to Pope's smooth and charincluding his college residence, his visit to Lis- acterless translation. Should the present volume bon, and the Susquehanna project. The subse- receive sufficient encouragement, it will be fulquent numbers cannot fail to possess an exceeding lowed by a similar edition of the Odyssey. interest, not less on account of the talents and character of their subject, than of his central posi- A Place in thy Memory," is the title of a tion in modern English literature.
little volume by Mrs. S. H. De Krouyft, which
presents a strong appeal to the favor of the benevThe King of the Hurons. By the Author of " The olent, aside from the interesting character of its First of the Knickerbockers,”' &c. New York : contents. “ Three summers ago,” says the G. P. Putnam.
author in a touching preface, “ I had perfect sight. This is a story of civilized rather than of sav. I was in one short inonth a bride, a widow, and age life, in spite of the title, and displays the blind, yet Providence has made it needful for me same power of expression and skilful grouping to do something to provide for myself food and of character, which have won an extensive popu- raiment.”. Having spent one year at the New larity to the former productions of the author. York Institution for the Blind, which term expired With his decided talent for invention and graphic last May, and finding herself destitute of a home, delineation, he can scarcely fail to obtain an
the author was induced to solicit subscribers to eminent rank in the fictitious literature of the the present volume. She met with general symcountry.
pathy and encouragement. The work consists of
familiar letters to various friends, written in an The Other Side; or, Notes for the History of the unaffected epistolary style, and breathing a spirit War between Mexico and the United States. of beautiful cheerfulness under the sad deprivation Translated from the Spanish by Albert C. which the author has suffered. Whoever purRAMSAY. New York: John Wiley.
chases this volume will make an acceptable NewThis work, from which The Tribune has already Year's gift to one with whom the world has gone given several extracts while it was passing through hard. (New York : John F. Trow.) the press, is a literary curiosity, as well as a valuable historical production. As a vivid portraiture
Somerville's Physical Geography, a clever, and of the horrors of the unhappy Mexican War, it 10 us most entertaining book, has been repubcannot fail 10 be read with great interest. ' it lished from the last London edition by Lee & presents in strong colors the view of the subject considerably enlarged, with new matter
This edition is
Blanchard, of Philadelphia. prevailing in Mexico, though it retains to a re
from the more recent researches of travellers and markable extent the impartiality ressential to an historical narrative.
naturalists, and some inaccuracies have been cor
rected. A glossary of scientific and technical Treatise on Marine and Naval Architecture. By terms has been prepared for the American edition, Jonn W. GRIFFITHS.
which will add to its value as a work intended for
popular perusal.-N. Y. Eve. Post. This is the first number of an elegantly printed series on the theory and practice of Ship-Building. C. S. Francis & Co. have just published The whole work is to be comprised in twelve " The French Metropolis," an elegant octavo numbers of thirty-two pages each, forming a large volume, illustrated with twenty very correct and quarto volume, with more than fifty engravings, beautiful engravings of celebrated edifices and exhibiting the finest models of all descriptions of localities in Paris. This work differs from any vessels. The author proposes to publish a trea- we have seen on the same theme, in the minule tise, that shall embrace everything known to be description of hospitals, physicians, and out-of-the of practical utility on the subject both in the Old way phases of Parisian life. It is lively, full of and New World, with improvements introduced information, interspersed with anecdotes, and by himself, that have had the test of experimental contains descriptive passages of uncommon interevidence. Besides the complete theoretical dis- est. The author is Dr. Gardiner of this city. cussions, it will contain many useful rules required “ Bible Cartoons” is a very desirable gift-book, in daily practice, with which many are not issued by the same house, and " The Fairy Gem” familiar. (New York : Published by the Author.) an exquisite little juvenile.—Home Journal.
1. German Unity,
Eraminer, 2. Turkey,
Da:ly Advertiser, 3. The Last Days of Mirabeau,
Dublin University Magazine, 4. Correspondence of General Wolfe,
Toit's Magazine, 5. Mimoirs of the Life of Williarn l'irt,
N. Y. Tribune, 6. Lawyers, Clients, Witnesses, and the Public, Examiner,
Poetry.—The Resurrectior of the Body; The Sabbath Bell, 148.-Eternity, 173.
145 147 149 158 174 179
PROSPECTUS.- This work is coaauciec. in the spirit of now becomes every intelligent American to be informed Littell's Museum of Foreign Literature, (which was favor of the condition and changes of foreign countries. And ably received by the public for lwenty years, but as it is this not only hecause of their nearer connection with outtwice as larze, and appears so often, we not only give selves, but because the nations seem to be hastening, spirit and freshness 10 it by many things which were through a rapid process of change, to some new state of əxcluded by a mouth's delay, but while thus extending our things, which the merely political prophet cannot compule scope and gathering a greater and more attractive variets, or foresee. are able so to increase the solid and substantial part of Geographical Discoveries, the progress of Colonization, mar literary, historical, and political harvest, as fully to (which is extending over the whole world,) and Voyages satisfy the wants of the American reader.
and Travels, will be favorite matter for our selections ; The elaborate and stately Essays of the Edinburgh, and, in general, we shall systematically and very fully Quirlerly, and other Reviews; and Blackrocod's noble acquaint our readers with the great department of Foreiga criticisms on Poetry, his keen political Commentaries, affairs, without entirely negleeting our own. highly wrought Tales, and vivid descriptions of rural and While we aspire to make the Living Age desirable to mountain Scenery; and the contributions to Literature, all who wish to keep themselves informed of the rapid History, and Coinmon Life, by the sagacious Spectator, progress of the movement -10 Statesinen, Divines, Law. the sparkling Examiner, the judicious Athenæum, the yers, and Physicians-10 men of business and men of busy and industrious Literary Gazelte, the sensible and leisure, it is still a stronger object to make it attractive comprehensive Britannia, the sober and respectable Chris- and useful to their wives and Children. We believe that tian Obserrer; these are interinixed with the Military we can thus do some good in our day and generation ; and and Naval reminiscences of the United Service, and with hope to make the work indispensable in every well-inthe best articles of the Dublin University, New Monthly, formed family. We say indispensable, because in this Fraser's, Tail's, Ainsworth's, Hood's, and Sporting Mag. day of cheap literature it is not possible to guard against azines, and of Chambers' admirable Journal. We do not the influx of what is bad in taste and vicious in morals, consider it heneath our dignity to borrow wit and wisdom in any other way than by furnishing a sufficient supply from Punch; and, when we ihink it good enough, make of a healthy character. The mental and moral appetite use of the thunder of The Times. We shall increase our must be gratified. variety by importations from the continent of Europe, and We hope that, by "winnowing the wheat from the from the new growth of the British colonies.
chaff" by providing ahundantly for the imagination, and Tie sleanship has brought Europe, Asia and Africa, by a large collection of Biography, Voyages and Travels, into our neighborhood ; and will grealiy multiply our con- History, and more solid matter, we may produce a work nections, as Merchants, Traveliers, and Politicians, with which shall be popular, while at the same time it will all varls of the world ; so that much more than ever ill aspire to raise the standard of public taste.
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WASHINGTON, 27 Dec., 1845. Or all the Periodical Journals devoted to literature and science which abound in Europe and in this country, this has appeared to me to be the most useful. It contains indeed the exposition only of the current literature of the English language, but this by its immense extent and comprebension includes a portraiture of the human mind it the utmost expansion of the present age.
J. Q. ADAMS