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from Hartlebury. His words last night were- | kings of this realm to take at their coronation, and “Why, this is the same amiable good man I knew enforced by the obligation of instantly foilowing it as Bishop of Litchfield !”
in the course of the ceremony of taking the SacraThe following needs no comment :
ment, as so binding a religious obligation on me to
maintain the fundamental maxims on which our Windsor, Oct. 31st, 1800. constitution is placed-namely, the Church of EngMy good Lord,—The“ Quarterly Electoral Mes- land being the established one, and that those who senger" delivered to me this morning the annual pub- hold employments in the state must be members of lications from Gottingen. I therefore take the first it, and, consequently, obliged not only to take the opportunity of forwarding this collection to Hartle- oaths against Popery, but to receive the Holy Combury. I have, within these few days, received a munion agreeably to the rites of the Church of new publication from Paris, which I am assured is England. This principle of duty must, therefore, full of good principles. This I own rather surprises prevent ine from discussing any proposition tending me. It is a course of ancient and modern litera- to destroy this ground-work of our happy constituture. As I think it might be some amusement, I tion, and much more so that one mentioned by Mr. am desirous of sending a copy to the same place, Pitt, which is no less than the complete overthrow if I knew it would be agreeable.
of the whole fabric. I have persuaded the Bishop of St. David's to remove to the primacy of Ireland. I trust this pro
On the receipt of this answer, Mr. Pitt tendered motion will be of utility to the religion and morality his resignation, and shortly afterwards made way of that country. Indeed, the new archbishop for Mr. Addington, to whom he was, as the king seems fully resolved to fulfil his arduous task to the says, “a warm friend;" but who was, at least, utmost of his power, and he is fully apprized that as warm a friend to him for he was his “ he must act with great discretion and temper to ing-pan.” effect so laudable a work. From the different accounts I have received of
St. James', Feb. 13th, 1801. your health this summer, I flatter myself it has MY GOOD LORD,—It is ever a satisfaction to me to been better than usual. If you can confirm this, it communicate with you on paper, as I have not the will give me infinite satisfaction, for I ever remain, comfort of being able to do it personally. An unMy good lord, yours most affectionately, fortunate opinion implanted in the mind of Mr.
GEORGE R. Pitt, by persons in no way friends to our happy To the Lord Bishop of Worcester,
church and state establishment, to bring in a bill Hartlebury Castle, Worcestershire.
enabling dissenters to hold offices without taking The “unfortunate opinion" imputed to Mr. the Test Act, and repealing the law of 30 Charles Pitt by the king in the letter we are about to ment, has made me reluctantly permit him to retire
II., which precludes Papists from sitting in Parliaquote, was the deliberate conviction of that eminent from my service. My sense of my coronation statesman, formed after long and painful delibera- oath, of the compact on which my family was tion ; but before the opening of the session of invited to mount the throne, and the Act of Union 1801, he addressed a letter to his majesty, in which with Scotland, precluded me from not opposing such he urged at some length, and with much force, an opinion. I have persuaded Mr. Addington to those arguments in favor of the measure he recom- succeed Mr. Pitt, and can assure you his attachmended which, eight-and-twenty years
ment to the church is as sincere as mine, and you afterwards,
may depend on his equal attachment to our happy were successful.
In conclusion he says : civil constitution, and his being no admirer of any In the interval which your majesty may wish for reforms or supposed improvements. consideration, he will not, on his part, importune
I feel I have done my duty, and have the pleasure your majesty with any unnecessary reference to the to add, that all the most respectable in both houses subject ; and will feel it his duty to abstain himself of Parliament promise their warmest support; and, from all agitation of this subject in Parliament, and what may appear odd to one absent, Mr. Pitt will to prevent it, as far as depends on him, on the part
be a warm friend to my new administration. of others. If, on the result of such consideration,
To the Lord Bishop of Worcester, your majesty's objection to the measure proposed
Hartlebury Castle, Worcestershire. should not be removed, or sufficiently diminished to admit of its being brought forward with your
The following is from the Duke of York. In majesty's full concurrence, and with the whole the correspondence between the king and Lord weight of government, it must be personally Mr. Kenyon respecting the coronation oath as it afPitt's first wish to be released from a situation, fected the Roman Catholics, will be found a letter which he is conscious, that, under such circum- from the duke to his father, in which he predicted stances, he could not continue to fill but with the ruin to England on the passing of an act of greatest disadvantage.
emancipation. The sincerity of the king's answer—an extract
Horse Guards, March 9th, 1801. fro:n which we give--cannot be questioned :
MY DEAR LORD Bishop,—I have received his I should not do justice to the warm impulse of majesty's command to express to your lordship my heart, if I entered on the subject most unpleasant his thanks for your letter of the sixteenth of last to my mind, without first expressing that the cordial month, which, from his majesty's indisposition, affection I have for Mr. Pitt, as well as high opinion could not be delivered to him till the day before of his talents and integrity, greatly adds to my yesterday ; as well as the satisfaction which it gave uneasiness on this occasion ; but a sense of religious him to find that your lordship's sentiments coinas well as political duty has made me, from the cided so completely with his own upon the question moment I mounted the throne, consider the oath of the emancipation of the Catholics. that the wisdom of our forefathers has enjoined the Knowing your lordship's devoted attachment to his majesty, I am convinced of the joy it will give the Bishop of Worcester shared that doubt appears your lordship to hear of his majesty being so in his answer to it. That both were right will near!y recovered, that I trust a very few days will be shortly seen. restore him to perfect health. It gives me great satisfaction to have this oppor
Windsor, Oct. 24th, 1801. tunity of assuring your lordship of the regard and My good LORD,—The waiting for the arrival of esteem with which I am,
the annual publication at Gottingen is the reason My dear lord bishop, yours most sincerely, of my not having written sooner after my return
FREDERICK. from Weymouth. Sea-bathing has had its usual
(York and Albany.) success with me, and in truth it was never more The Right Reverend the Lord Bishop of Worcester, necessary, for the severe fever I had the last winter Hartlebury Castle, Worcester.
left many unpleasant sensations. These I have Early in 1801, the public interest was much every reason to say, by the blessing of the Alexcited by an alarming illness of his majesty, in very careful, and to avoid every kind of fatigue
mighty, are nearly removed. I am forced to be consequence of a severe cold which he caught either of mind or body, but feel I am gradually whilst attending divine service at the Chapel- gaining ground. Royal. It was soon accompanied by the most The next week will be rather harassing, as I affecting symptoms ; and the circumstances con- must open the session of Parliament, and attend nected with it occasioned a very extraordinary the ceremonies in consequence ; but I shall return pause in the progress of the pending ministerial every day to Kew, that I may be more quiet.
As you are no great lover of politics I will not arrangements.
fatigue you with many words on the peace now Kew, May 31st, 1801.
about to be concluded. The being deserted by My good Lord,—After a most tedious and severe of it,] though it is certainly doubtful what reliance
every European power seems (to be the occasion illness, from which, by the interposition of Divine Providence, I have most wonderfully escaped the can be placed on the assurances of those who set jaws of death ; I find myself enabled to pursue one
every religious, moral, and social principle at of my most agreeable occupations, that of writing
naught. In my opinion, therefore, on the keeping to you, who have never been, in the most gloomy up a respectable marine and army we can alone moments, out of my thoughts. I can now assure able and gallant conduct we have shown deserves.
expect to meet with that respect which the honoryou that my health is daily improving, though I cannot boast of the same strength and spirits
. I en- health during the last fine summer, which seems to
I have not been without intelligence of your joyed before ; still with quiet and sea-bathing, I have been better than usual. I wish it could give trust they will soon be regained. Public events in every part of the globe appear more favorable, and you resolution to come here, though you may not the hand of Divine Providence seems stretched
choose to visit London. It might be done gently forth to protect this favored island, which alone has and with little more fatigue than your daily airstood forth constantly in opposition to our wicked ings. I cannot express the pleasure I should feel neighbors. I flatter myself the fact of having a with which I ever remain,
in assuring you in person of that affectionate regard ministry composed of men of religion and great probity, will tend to the restoration of more deco
My good lord, yours most affectionately,
GEORGE R. rum. Neither my advice nor example shall be wanted to effect it.
Hartlebury, Oct. 31. 1801. I expect the Bishop of Norwich, and the new Sin,-Your majesty's gracious notice of me, in deputy-clerk of the closet, this morning, that I sending the Gottingen exercises, and especially the may receive the IIoly Communion. After what I letters which came with them, is almost the only have undergone, I should not have felt happy if I (certainly the greatest) satisfaction I can receive. had not been a partaker of that previous to my That your majesty found benefit by your late resijourney in the west ; and a bishop bred at Em-dence at Weymouth, is most welcome news. But manuel College, and whose principles and manners it is no wonder that some remains of so severe an are so excellent, seemed to me the most proper illness are felt; which, however, gentle exercise, person, as I could have the most excellent bishop and the care to avoid as much as possible the bred up in that seminary of learning. My four fatigue of business, will I trust gradually remove. sons, the Dukes of York, Kent, Cumberland, and As to the peace, though I am no politician, ] dear Adolphus, will receive it with me.
would fain persuade myself that it will be lastEver, my good lord, yours most affectionately, ing. The moderation and magnanimity of your
GEORGE R. majesty's counsels promise this effect; and as 10 To the Lord Bishop of Worcester,
the rest of the world, necessity will sometimes do Hartlebury Castle, Worcestershire.
more than principle. But I forbear to enlarge The preliminaries of the peace alluded to by
further on a subject I so little understand. the king, as about to be concluded, were signed infinitely. If I could have paid my duty, and
The close of your majesty's letter affects me on September, 1801. It has been alleged that the gratified my own inclination, by seeing Windsor, I king believed that peace, at that juncture, with should certainly have done it long since. But I am France would be impolitic, unsafe, and unwise ; wholly incapable of doing myself that honor. My and it has been asserted, " that Lord Hawkesbury bodily weakness is not the worst-my memory is affixed his signature to the articles, not only with almost entirely gone; my powers of attention so out the king's consent or approbation, but without weak, that conversation with a common friend, for
a few minutes, is almost too much for me. In this his knowledge," an absurd assertion which needs enfeebled state I support myself as well as I can in no refutation. That the king doubted the per- this quiet scene; and employ the little recollection manence of the peace is shown in his letter : that I am master of, in calling to mind the innumerable obligations I have to your majesty, and in putting he ordered to be put in my library. The political up my prayers to Heaven for a long continuance of part has some merit if he had stopped there : but health, and every other blessing to your majesty, what he says on the Roman Catholic clergy of Ireand the queen, and the royal family.
land, and our great safeguards, the Test and Cor. I am, sir, your majesty's most faithful and poration Acts, is most improper, and, in my inind,
most devoted subject and servant, criminal, in a member of the Church of England, To the King.
R. Worcester. and still more so, coming from a bishop. Eminent
talents and discretion are not always allied, and no Worcester, Dec. 3d, 1802.
stronger instance can be given than himself of the My dear Lord,–I cannot think of leaving this truth of that position. town without once more thanking you for the very We are here in daily expectation that Bonaparte kind, friendly manner in which you received me at will attempt his threatened invasion : but the chances Hartlebury Castle, and hope, on my return here, against his success seem so many that it is wonderyou will permit me again to enjoy your company, ful he persists in it. I own I place that thorough
Believe me, my dear lord, dependence on the protection of Divine Providence.
ERNEST. to make the trial that his ill success may put an end To the Lord Bishop of Worcester, (Cumberland.) to his wicked purposes. Should his troops affect a Hartlebury Castle.
landing I shall certainly put myself at the head of Dr. Richard Watson, Bishop of Llandaff, re- but as it is impossible to foresee the events of such
mine and my other armed subjects to repel them ; ferred to in the following letter from the king, and a conflict, should the enemy approach too near to in the answer to it, was a prelate of distinguished Windsor, I shall think it right the queen and my abilities, learning, research, and industry. He daughters should cross the Severn, and shall send had acquired an elegant proficiency in chemistry, them to your Episcopal palace at Worcester. By on which he published several volumes ; and is this hint I do not in the least mean they shall be well known by his “ Apology for Christianity," any inconvenience to you, and shall send a proper
servant and furniture for their accommodation. in a series of letters addressed to Gibbon, and for Should such an event arise, I certainly would rather his “ Apology for the Bible," a reply to Tom that what I value most in life, should remain, during Paine's “ Age of Reason." He was a high the conflict, in your diocese, and under your roof, liberal in politics, and accordingly was not than in any other place in the island. Believe me regarded with much cordiality by the king. The ever, my good lord, bishop tells us : * At the king's levee, I was
Most affectionately yours, standing next Venetian nobleman : the king was
To the Lord Bishop of Worcester. conversing with him about the Republic of Venice, and hastily turning to me, said, “There, It will be observed in the latter part of the forenow, you hear what he says about a republic :' going letter that the king speaks in the heroical my answer was, 'Sir, I look upon a republic to strain of putting himself at the head of his armed be one of the worst forins of government.' The subjects. Had the necessity arisen he would no king gave me, as he thought, another blow about doubt have done so, for none of the House of a republic. I answered that I could not live Brunswick ever wanted courage.
But he wroto under a republic. His majesty still pursued the under an exultation caused by a scene which we subject; I thought myself insulted, and firmly must briefly describe. said, “Sir, I look upon the tyranny of any one The Electorate of Hanover having been taken man to be an intolerable evil, and upon the tyranny possession of by General Mortier, by a convention of one hundred, to be one hundred times as bad.' which gave up all the electoral property to the The king went off.”
invaders, and exposed the people to the most horrid What his majesty calls "most improper" in the excesses of the French troops, the people of Engpamphlet is,—"Justice, I think, may be done to land were roused into indignation. The comthe Catholics without injustice being done to the mencement of the new war was hailed by them Protestants. The Protestant clergy may continue with enthusiasm. Subscriptions were raised, reso10 possess the tithes of the country; and the lutions were passed, and when the king, on the Catholic clergy may be provided for from the 12th of August, 1803, went to prorogue the public exchequer of the empire. I see no danger Parliament, he was received with the most ardent which would arise from some such arrangement acclamations by the tens of thousands who crowded as this, and it would probably be attended with the Park and all the streets leading from thence the greatest advantage to the state. We think to the houses of Parliament. the Catholics to be in an error ; they think the On the 26th of October, his majesty reviewed same of us : both ought to reflect that every error twelve thousand four hundred men in Hyde Park, is not a criminal error, and that their error is the on which occasion the armed citizens of London greatest, who most err against Christian charity.” came to show to their monarch that they were
prepared to shed the last drop of their blood in Windsor, Nov. 30th, 1803.
the defence of their constitution and their country.' My good LORD, It appears to me unlikely that the Bishop of Landaff will have sent you a copy
It was observed, that, instead of the common of the pamphlet he has just published, and much testimonies of mutual regard which marked the more so that you shall have purchased one of them. meeting of the sovereign and his people on former These reasons have induced nie to forward the one occasions, on that day an uncommon ardor and
earnestness was exhibited in the salutations which health and happiness, and for every blessing on the his majesty received from the public, and an ex- queen and royal family. traordinary warmth in the manner in which he
I am ever, sir, returned them, evidently excited by the unprece
Your majesty's most obliged and
most devoted subject and servant, dented circumstances of the times.
R. WORCESTER. · It was calculated that, including the volunteers To the King. and the regular troops who kept the lines, there
The concluding six letters require no explanawere not less than two hundred thousand people in the Park, yet not a single accident happened ;
St. James' Square, July 5th, 1805. although the trees, the house-tops, and, indeed,
MY LORD, I have received his majesty's comevery position from which curiosity could satisfy mands to inform you, that, in consequence of the itself, was taken possession of. A similar scene complaint in his eyes, he has judged it most prudent took place on the 28th on the same spot, when to put off his projected journey through Warwickthe Westminster, Lambeth, and Southwark corps shire, Worcestershire, and Gloucestershire, and were reviewed.
that he intends to proceed directly to Wey
mouth. His majesty has desired me at the same Hartlebury, Dec. 3rd, 1803. time to assure your lordship of the deep regret Sir, I have the honor of your majesty's most lordship this summer.
which he feels at being prevented from visiting your
He has had the greatest gracious and interesting letter from Windsor of satisfaction in hearing so favorable an account of November 30th past, inclosed in a small parcel, your lordship’s health, and he hopes to have the containing also the Bishop of Landaff's speech. pleasure of seeing you in the course of next year. of the former, I cannot speak in terms that fully
I am sure your lordship will have particular satisexpress my feelings. If it please God that your faction in hearing that the king has borne this last majesty be exposed to the attacks of this daring calamity with which it has pleased Providence to adventurer, you will have your whole people ready afflict him, with all the fortitude and resignation to stand or fall with you, and Divine Providence, I
which you so well know belongs to his character; firmly trust, to be your protector and preserver. that his spirits are cheerful, and that his general If the occasion should happen, which your majesty's health has in no respect been impaired. We must tender concern for those most nearly and dearly all look forward with the greatest anxiety to the related to you, suggests to your apprehension, my progress of the complaint. The medical persons old and formerly so much honored mansion at who attend the king appear to be confident of the Worcester shall be ready to receive them, and in as good condition as I can contrive. But your it will be some time before it would be prudent
success of the operation, though they seem to think majesty is pleased to add, that, if such an occasion to attempt it. I have the honor to be, with the should fall out, you would certainly rather that what
greatest respect, my lord, you value most in this life, should remain, during
Your lordship's most obedient humble servant, the conflict, in my diocese, and under my roof, than
HAWKESBURY. in any other place in the island. I must beg your To the Lord Bishop of Worcester, majesty's pardon, if I feel myself too much im- Hartlebury Castle, Worcestershire. pressed by a sense of so much goodness to me, to make my acknowledgments for it.
Hartlebury, July 6th, 1805. Of the speech I had seen and known nothing but My Lord,-I have this morning the honor of what a newspaper had told me; and that was too your lordship's letter of the 5th instant, conveying much, for it happened to be the obnoxious part, to me the information from his majesty that, in which your majesty mentions. Nothing could be consequence of the complaint in his eyes, he thinks less prudent at this time, or less necessary, I think, at it fit for the present to defer his journey into these any time. But, as your majesty candidly observes, counties. The disappointment will be felt, and the parts and prudence do not always go together. occasion of it would be very distressing, if we had Some amends, however, are made by his quoting not every reason to believe that, from the king's Lord Bacon's words, * which are wise and weighty, temperance and habits of life, his recovery from this and fully justify the contest in which your majesty complaint will be safe and speedy ; and if we did is engaged.
not know, too, from other instances, that his majI trespass on your majesty's precious time by this esty's constitutional firmness and religious trust long and bad letter, and will conclude it with fer- make him superior to such trials. vent prayers to Heaven for your long continued I cannot but be much affected by his majesty's
goodness in signifying this event to ine by your *“ Princes should be perpetually upon the watch that lordship, and conclude this trouble with my thanks none of their neighbors do overgrow so (whether by for the honor and kindness of your letter. I have increase of territory, or by embracing of irade, or by the honor to be, my lord, nearer approaches, and the like) as to become more able
Your lordship’s most obedient humble servant, to annoy them than they were before. And this is
R. WORCESTER. generally the work of standing counsels to foresee and hinder. Certainly, during the triumvirate of kings,
To Lord Hawkesbury. (Henry VIII. of England, Francis I. of France, and Charles V. of Spain,) there was such a vigilance among
Windsor Castle, July 10th, 1905. them, that none of the three could win a space of ground The king being prevented by a complaint in his but the other two would straightway balance it, either by eyes from the great pleasure of visiting the Bishop consideration, or, if need were, by war. Neither is the of Worcester, on which he had placed the greatest opinion of some of the schoolmen to be received, that a war cannot justly be undertaken but upon a precedent satisfaction, though Lord Loughborough has writinjury or provocation. For there is no question but a just ten to explain the cause of this disappointment, yet fear of an imminent danger, though there be no blow his majesty thinks that a scrawl from himself may given, is a competent and lawful cause of a war."
be satisfactory to the good bishop, when containing a promise that, should the Almighty permit the he will do your majesty and the church good serevil to be removed, the visit will be performed next vice in his high station. summer.
But I must not allow myself to detain your majThe king cannot conclude without expressing his esty with more words at present. I only beg leave hopes then to find his excellent friend in as good to repeat my ardent wishes that your majesty may health as he has now reason to think is the case. I long live in the full enjoyment of all your faculHis majesty has collected some books for the ties, which are so constantly employed in the library at Hartlebury Castle, and will order them to noblest service. be sent to Worcester.
I am, sir,
GEORGE R. Your majesty's most obliged and To the Lord Bishop of Worcester,
most humble subject and servant, Hartlebury Castle, Worcestershire.
R. WORCESTER. Royal Sovereign, Portland Road, Aug. 10th, 1805. To the King. My good Lord,-From London I received notice that the box of books I had prepared personally to
These letters exhibít the personal character of deliver to you at Hartlebury, had I not been pre- the king in a very amiable light. Whatever differvented by the complaint in my eye from making ences of opinion may exist as to the strength or that most desirable visit, had arrived safely. The soundness of his majesty's judgment, in reference next, I trust, if the progress of recovery continue to the great political questions which agitated the as favorably as at present, I shall be able to prose- kingdom at that period, it may be conceded on cute the journey I had proposed this year. No one ever experienced a more striking instance of the
all hands that, in his private and individual relaprotection of Divine Providence than I have done. tions, George III. was a man of a clear and upThe cataract was first formed in the left eye, and right nature, and of the kindliest feelings. Fond much advanced in the right one, but by an unex- of books and retirement, delighting in the converpected inflammation in the left eye this had dispelled sation of a circle of friends, selected rather for the apparent mischief in that eye, and that in the their worth than their skill in the ways of courts, other also diminished, so that Mr. Phipps seems and devotedly attached to his fainily, he presented sanguine that he will effect a cure. Did I not feel, my good lord, how you interest yourself, I should the image of a paternal ruler whose example connot have been so particular on this occasion.
ciliated the affections of his subjects, and exercised
George R. a perceptible moral influence over the social life To the Lord Bishop of Worcester,
of the country. In despotic governments, the inHartlebury Castle, Worcestershire.
fluence of personal character is slight. It is abWeymouth, Sept. 5th, 1805. sorbed in the vices of a system which renders it My Good Lord,— Though in want of newspaper helpless for extending good. But in a constitution intelligence, from my knowledge of the propriety such as ours, the domestic qualities of the monof the Archbishop of Canterbury, I give faith to arch have a direct action upon the habits and senhis having visited the great ornament of Emmanuel College* whilst residing at Cheltenham. This timents of the people at large. If George III. makes me desirous of hearing what impression he did not put forward any very conspicuous claims has made. I flatter myself a good one; not doubt-to historical distinction on public grounds, no ing, if better known there, my choice would meet king who ever reigned in England imparted more with approbation, as he has on all public occasions effectually to the age in which he lived the tone shown himself equal to his situation.
of his own character. His reign was expressly I have every reason to flatter myself that iny the reign of the household virtues. sight is improving, yet I fear this specimen will not prove the assertion, as you, my good lord, might
Simplicity, frankness, and integrity of princiexpect. The gain can be but gradual ; objects ple were amongst the most prominent traits. His growing brighter, though not as yet much clearer. warm affection for his friends took a form of enin all situations believe me ever, my good lord, thusiasm in regard to his subjects. He was a Yours most affectionately,
plain, honest, and inflexible patriot on the old GEORGE R.
model. When he wrote to the Bishop of Wor. To the Lord Bishop of Worcester, Hartlebury Castle, Worcestershire.
cester that he should certainly put himself at the Hartlebury, Sept. 10th, 1805.
head of his troops to repel the threatened invasion Sir, I could not but esteem it the highest honor but really believed that his proper post under such
of Napoleon, he was not only thoroughly in earnest, and pleasure to receive, this day, a letter from circumstances was in the front of danger. Like Weymouth, September 5th, written by your majesty's own hand. This shows that your majesty's Confucius, he held the doctrine that ruling a state eyes are gaining strength ; yet I fear they must was the same thing, embracing a wider surface, as have been something strained by this exercise. I ruling a family. He was perfectly sincere in hope your use of them will be easier and more looking upon his people as his children, and he perfect every day.
would have fought for them on the beach, as he It is very true what your majesty saw in the public prints. The Archbishop of Canterbury did would have fought for Frederick, and Augusta, me the honor to come over to me at this place from and
the rest on the threshold of the palace. Cheltenham. I had never seen him before ; but his These healthy, old-fashioned notions colored the person and manner were much in his favor, and whole of his life, and were predominant even in his conversation was very agreeable and discreet. those parts of his policy which the more instructed I hope, and, indeed, have not the least doubt that spirit of the present age sees the most reason to
* His correspondent, the Bishop of Worcester. regret. He stoutly maintained the antique consti