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have the arrangement and wording prescribed by the fol. lowing:

2. Every bill shall have (a) a title, (b) an enacting clause, (c) subject matter disposed in one or more sections, (d) an enabling clause, if necessary,

3. The title of all bills shall state, in the fewest words practicable the subject to which the bill relates, and shall be drawn up in one of the following forms:

A BILL

To repeal section(s) (or designated parts of sections) ........ of the statutes, relating to ..........

A BILL

To amend section(s) (or designated parts of sections) .......... of the statutes, relating to .......... (and making an appropriation).

A BILL To create section(s) (or designated parts of sections) ......... of the statutes, relating to .......... (and making an appropriation).

A BILL To authorize (provide) .......... (and making an appropriation).

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A BILL To repeal section(s) (or designated parts of sections...... ... of chapter .......... of the laws of (session) ....... relating to .......

A BILL To amend section(s) (or designated parts of sections) .......... of chapter .......... of the laws of (session) .......... relating to

. (and making an appropriation).

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A BILL To create section(s) (or designated parts of sections) .......... of chapter .......... of the laws of (session) ........., relating to ......... (and making an appropriation).

4. Forms a, b, c, shall be used when a permanent general law is intended to be enacted, so that such acts may be included in the Wisconsin Statutes. A combination of any two, or of all of these forms shall be permitted whenever expedient, so that it may be possible to repeal, amend, and create sections of the statutes, relating to the same subject, in one bill.

Forms d, e, f, and g shall be used when local, private, special or temporary laws are intended to be enacted, which are not to be included in the Wisconsin Statutes. Combinations of any two or of all of these forms shall be permitted whenever expedient.

5. No private or local bill shall embrace more than one subject, as provided in the Constitution, article IV, section 18. The cases in which special or private bills are prohibited are determined by the Constitution, article IV, section 31.

6. The title shall be immediately followed by the enacting clause, the form of which is prescribed by the Constitution,

article IV, section 17, viz. [*93] *The people of the state of Wisconsin, represented

in senate and assembly, do enact as follows: 7. The subject matter of the bill shal

ject matter of the bill shall follow the enacting clause and be disposed in one or more sections. Each section of the subject matter shall begin in one of the following forms, corresponding to the title: a. Section ........ section

..... Section(s) (or designated parts of sections) .......... of the statutes is (are) repealed.

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b. Section ........ Section(s) (or designated parts of sections) ........ of the statutes is (are) amended to read: Section .......

c. Section ...... A (number) new section(s) is (are) added to the statutes to read: Section ........

d. Section ........ (Provisions of private, local or temporary measure.)

e. Section ........ Section(s) (or designated parts of sections) ........ of chapter ........ of the laws of ........ is (are) repealed. f. Section .....

Section(s) (or designated parts of sections) ........ of chapter ........ of the laws of ........ is (are) amended to read: Section ........

g. Section ........ A (number) new section(s) (or designated parts of sections) is (are) added to (section or designated part of section ........ of) chapter ........ of the laws of ........ to read: Section (or designated part of section)...

8. All bills proposing amendments shall indicate the changes desired by showing the matter to be stricken out with a line through the words or part to be omitted, and all new matter with underscoring or italicising of the part inserted. The portions to be left unchanged shall be presented in ordinary typewriting or by Roman type, as required by section 20.08 of the statutes.

9. An enabling clause is not required in a bill, unless it is desired to make an act take effect at a time other than that prescribed by section 4975 of the statutes. Whenever an enabling clause is inserted in a bill, it shall constitute the last section of the bill, and be in substantially the following

form: [*94] *This act shall take effect upon (passage and pub

lication) (or a given date) ..... 10. Sections to be inserted between two existing sections in chapters of the statutes that have not been revised by the revisor of statutes shall be assigned letters and figures according to the following plan:

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and to fit rare instances when letters cannot be used, figures and letters set off by dashes may be used, as, for example, section 1345a-1, etc.

In chapters of the statutes in which the decimal system of numbering of sections has been applied, newly inserted sections shall be numbered as prescribed in section 20.08 of the statutes.

11. All sections, subsections or paragraphs of the statutes, and all other laws which are intended to be superseded or repealed, should be so far as practicable. Specifically referred to and expressly repealed, but this paragraph is not intended to affect judicial construction.

12. Either house may by motion or resolution except bills prepared by the revisor of statutes from the provisions of this rule, and may permit such bills to be accompanied by explanatory notes to be printed in the bill in eight point solid type immediately following the sections to which they respectively relate, but to constitute no part of the proposed

act, [ *95) •Joint Rule 8. Yeas and Days on appropriation

bills. On the passage of either house of any bill

which imposes, continues or renews a tax or creates a debt or charge; or makes, continues or renews, an appropriation of public or trust money; releases, discharges or commutes a claim or demand of the state; the question shall be taken by yeas and nays which shall be duly entered on the journal, and three-fifths of all the members elected to such house shall in all such cases be required to constitute a quorum therein.

Joint Rule Presiding officer to sign enrolled bills. When a bill shall have been duly reported as correctly enrolled, it shall be the duty of the chief clerk of the house in which it originated, to present the bill, first, to the presiding officer of the house in which it originated, and next, to the presiding officer of the other house, for their signatures, which duty shall be performed at as early an hour as possible.

Jolot Rule 10. Enrolled bills to be submitted to governor. After a bill shall have been signed by the respective presiding officers of the two houses, it shall be presented by the chief clerk of the house in which it originated, to the governor in the executive chamber, for his approval. The bill shall be accompanied by a transcript of the notations on the bill envelope, certified as correct by the chief clerk of the house where the bill originated.

Joint Rule 11. Similar action on resolutions, etc. All resolutions and memorials, which are to be presented to the governor for his approval, shall, also in the same manner be previously examined, enrolled and signed.

Joint Rule 12. Book of enrolled bills. It shall be the duty of the chief clerk of each house to keep a senate and assembly book of enrolled bills in which shall be accurately min

uted the exact time at which each bill or resolution [96] (indicating it by its number) was presented to the

presiding officer of each house for his signature, and the governor for his approval. Such books shall always be open for inspection and shall be deposited with the secre. tary of state. to be preserved by him at the close of the session. The book shall be substantially in the following form:

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And a like book for bills originating in the assembly shall be kept by the chief clerk thereof.

Joint Rule 13. Bill recalled from governor. Whenever by joint resolution of the two houses, any bill or resolution shall have been recalled from the governor for further consideration, said bill or resolution shall after having been actually returned to the house where it originated be deemed to be before said house for its action thereon and may be reconsidered or otherwise acted upon without any reconsideration or other action thereon being first had in the other house. Any action taken shall then be messaged to the other house for its concurrence.

Joint Rule 14. Adjournment. Neither house shall adjourn during any session thereof, without the consent of the other, for a longer period than three days. Joint Rule 15.

Reseinding, amending, or suspending rules. No standing joint rule shall be rescinded or [*97] *changed except by joint resolution adopted by a

vote of at least two-thirds of the members present in each house, and unless there shall be unanimous consent for the suspension of the same the vote shall be taken by yeas and nays. Such resolutions shall not be acted upon in either house without notice having been given by the print

ing of the resolution in the journal, except by unanimous consent.

These rules may be suspended in either house by vote of two-thirds of the members present. The vote shall be determined by yeas and nays unless unanimous consent be given.

Note. Opinion of the Attorney-General on power of chief clerk to correct error in the journal, and upon the purpose and use of notations on the original bills, etc.

Department of Attorney-General, Madison, Wisconsin. Mr. F. M. Wylie, Chief Clerk Senate, City.

Dear Sir:-Replying to your letter of January 31st, you are advised that the Chief Clerk of the Senate possesses no power except such as is clearly conferred by law and the rules of the Senate.

Section 6, Art. IV, of the Constitution provides that each House may determine the rules of its own proceedings. Section 8 of the same Article provides that each House shall keep a journal of its proceedings. The duties of the Chief Clerk are found in Rule 18 and sec. 108-9, Statutes, 61 and 62. Under the circumstances stated in your letter it would be the duty of the Chief Clerk to call the attention of the Senate to the fact that the journal was approved and that it contained an error. It is for the Senate and not the Chief Clerk to order correction of the journal. The records of the Senate are under its control at all times when in session for the purpose of correcting any errors that may have occurred during such session. The Chief Clerk has no authority to add anything to the journal by note or otherwise except as authorized by the rules. He should notify the Senate of any error and record the action of the Senate on such information.

Clearly, the Chief Clerk has no authority to make any correction in the journal after the legislature has adjourned even if an important law should be invalidated for want of such correction. The notations on the back of bill or envelope as provided for by Rule 20 are for the temporary guidance of the legislature, as under the Constitution the journal should contain a complete record of the proceedings of the body so that reference to the journal will give full information concerning the steps that were taken in the passage of laws or resolutions.

Respectfully yours,

L. H. BANCROFT,

Attorney-General.

INDEX AND DIGEST

Senate Rules and Joint Rules, Jefferson's
Manual, Senate Precedents, and Notes.

ACTS (See BILLS AND RESOLUTIONS.)
ADHERE Jt. Rule 3, p. *85; Jeff. Man, 60, p. *86.
ADJOURNMENT
Effect

Removes pending question. Jeff. Man, 42, p. 53.
Does not give senator right to speak more than

once on question. Senate Rule 66, p. *50.
Şimpie, is 10 neat sitting aay.

aay.. verf. man. 43, p. *54.

verf. Man
Call of the senate. Senate Rule 90, p. 76.
Privilege of motion, Senate Rule 69, p. *54.

ion to adjourn to a day beyond the next having
failed, a motion to adjourn has been enter-

tained and put. Sen. Prec. 63, p. 54.
Two consecutive motions to adjourn have been put.

Sen. Prec. 64, p. 54.
Second motion to set same time to which senate

shall adjourn has been entertained, other busi-

ness intervening. Sen. Prec. 69, p. 55.
Motion to set time to which senate shall adjourn

may follow defeated motion for recess. Sen.

Prec, 70, p. 55.
Motion to adjourn being defeated, motion to take re-

cess has been entertained and defeated, and an-
other motion to adjourn entertained and car-

ried. Sen. Prec. 73, p. *56.
Motion nondebatable. Senate Rule 74, p. *66.
Motion cannot be amended.

Jeff. Man. 43, p. *54.
Motion has been amended to make it recess. Sen.

Prec. 66, p. *55.
Motion to amend motion to adjourn by making

it recess has been put. Sen. Prec. 65, p. 54.
Neither house more than three days. Jt. Rule 14, p. *96.
Discussion, new rule suggested. Notes 24 and 25, pp.

•56 and *57.
(See also MOTIONS.)
APPEAL
Debate
Nondebatable when nondebatable question pending.

Senate Rule 74, p. *66.
Procedure. Senate Rule 8, p. *6.

(See also POINTS OF ORDER.)
AMENDMENTS
Between Houses.
Jt. Rule 2, p. *83; Note 32, p. *84; Jt. Rule 3, p. •85;

Jeff. Man. 60, p. *86.
Question on assembly amendment to senate bill may

be divided. Sen. Prec. 38, p. *38.
Committee. Senate Rule 60, p. 44.
Debate
Senator may make speech again to amendment.

Jeft. Man, 39, p. *50.

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