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sons to and from the chamber, and particularly to enforce the provisions of Rule 12 of the senate rules relating to lobbyists and lobbying; to see that messages, etc., are promptly executed ; that the chamber is properly ventilated and is open for the use of the members from 8 a. m. until 11 p. m., and to perform all other services pertaining to the office of sergeant at arms.

ORDER AND DECORUM

8. Presiding officer to preserve order; appeal. The presiding officer shall preserve order and decorum; may speak to points of order in preference to others, rising from his seat for that purpose; and he shall decide questions of order, subject to an appeal by any member, on which appeal no member shall speak more than once, unless by leave of the senate. On appeal being taken, the question shall be: “Shall the decision of the chair stand as the judgment of the senate?” which question and the action thereon, shall be entered on the journal. All points of order raised and the decisions thereon shall be entered in the journal.

9. Members not to leave senate, when. While the presiding officer is addressing the senate, or submitting a question, no member shall cross the floor, or leave the senate; nor while a member is speaking, walk between him and the chair.

10. Calling of yeas and nays. No member or other person shall visit or remain by the clerk's table while the yeas and nays are being called.

11. Reading and smoking during session. No member or officer of the senate shall read newspapers within the bar of the senate, or smoke therein while in session.

12. Who may be admitted to the floor. Persons of the following classes, and no others, shall be admitted to that portion of the floor of the senate reserved to the members during the session thereof, viz.: the governor, lieutenant governor, members of the legislature, state officers, regents of the university, regents of the normal schools, members of congress, judges of the supreme court and other courts, and ex-members of the legislature. And none of the above shall have the privilege of the floor who are registered as lobbyists or engaged in defeating or promoting any pending legislation. No ex-senator or any other person who shall be directly or indirectly interested in defeating or promoting any pending legislation, whether registered

as a lobbyist or not, shall have the privilege of the floor of the senate at any time. All editors of newspapers within the state and reporters for the press, who confine themselves to their professional duties, shall have the privilege of the floor of the senate, except that during the sessions of the senate such privilege shall extend only to the press lobby. The foregoing rule shall not be deemed to exclude such other persons as may be invited to seats on the floor of the senate by a member or the presiding officer thereof.

13. Privileges of senate to contestants for seats. Contestants for seats shall have the privilege of the senate until their respective cases are disposed of; the privilege to extend only so far as access to the chamber, during the time occupied in settling the contest.

14. Disturbance in lobby. Whenever any disturbance or disorderly conduct shall occur in the lobby or gallery, the presiding officer shall have the power to cause the same to be cleared of all persons except members and officers.

ORDER OF BUSINESS. 15. Hour for meeting. The hour for the meeting of the senate shall be at 10:00 o'clock a. m. unless a different hour shall be prescribed by resolution or motion. This rule may be changed by resolution or motion adopted by a majority vote.

16. Roll call quorum. Before proceeding to business, the roll of the members shall be called, and the names of those present and those absent shall be entered on the journal. A majority of all the members elected must be present to consticute a quorum for the transaction of business; a smaller number, bowever, can adjourn, and shall have power to compel the attendance of absent members.

17. Leave of absence. So member or officer of the senate, unless from illness or other cause he shall be unable to attend, shall absent himself from the session during the entire day, without first having obtained leave of absence.

18. Order of business. The order of business in the senate shall be as follows:

1. Call of the roll.
2. Correction of the journal.
3. Motions may be offered.

7-S. J.

4. Reception of resolutions for revision. 5. Reception of bills for revision. 6. Introduction and reference of resolutions. 7. Introduction and reference of bills. 8. Petitions and communications. 9. Reports of standing committees. 10. Reports of special committees. 11. Executive communications. 12. Messages from the assembly and action thereon. 13. Motions for consideration. 14. Resolutions may be considered. 15. Bills ready for engrossment. 16. Bills to be ordered to third reading. 17. Bills ready for third reading. 18. Special order. 19.

(Senate) Daily calendar; Committee of the Whole. All bills, resolutions, memorials, or other business, referred to a committee and reported by it to the senate, shall be placed upon the calendar under the proper order of business. The printed calendar shall be furnished to members at least twenty-four hours, exclusive of Sunday, before such calendar is acted upon. The calendar shall not be changed within that period. Unless otherwise ordered an unfinished calendar of a preceding day shall be first in order as the unfinished business of the senate.

During the consideration of bills under the order of bills ready for engrossment or third reading, one-sixth of the members present may move that any bill or bills in said order of business shall he considered in Committee of the Whole, and at the close of said order of business, unless otherwise ordered, the senate resolve itself into a Committee of the Whole for the consideration of the bill or bills ordered to be so considered. The rules of the senate shall govern, as far as practicable, the proceedings in Committee of the whole, except that a member may speak more than twice on the same subject, and that a call for the yeas and nays, or for the previous question cannot be made in the committee.

COMMITTEES-DUTIES AND PROCEDURE.

20. Standing committees of senate. The following standing committees shall be elected by the senate as near the commencement of the session as may be, namely:

On Judiciary, seven members.
On Corporations, seven members.
On Education and Public Welfare, seven members.
On State Affairs, seven members.
Each of the above committees shall elect its own chairman.

The president pro tem. and the respective chairmen of the committees on Judiciary, on Corporations, on Education and Public Welfare, on State Affairs, and of the joint committee on Finance, and the chairmen of such special committees of the senate as shall be created during any session shall constitute a committee on Legislative Procedure.

The senate shall elect, as soon as may be after the commencement of the session five members to the joint committee on Finance, which members shall elect the chairman of said joint committee.

21. Select or special committees. Select or special committees may be provided for on motion or by resolution, designating the number and object, and unless otherwise ordered, shall be appointed by the presiding officer.

22. Committee not to be absent. No committee shall absent themselves by reason of their appointment during the sitting of the senate, without special leave, except a committee on Con

ference.

23. Committee quorum; subcommittees. A majority of any committee shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business. Subcommittees, who shall report to the regular committee, may be appointed to take charge of any part of the committee's business.

24. Business in committees; notice of meeting. All business referred to a committee shall be taken up within three weeks, and if not at once disposed of a time shall be fixed by the committee for the final hearing thereon and a report thereof made to the senate. At the end of each week each committee clerk shall report to the chief clerk the state of business in his committee, which report shall be printed in the weekly bulletin provided by section 20.14 of the statutes. The day, hour, and place of hearing before any committee shall be posted on the bulletin board of each house, and such notice shall specify the number, author, and title of the bill or resolution to be con

sidered.

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25. Calendar of committee hearings. The chairman of each. senate committee shall, on or before Friday noon of each week file with the chief clerk his several daily calendars for the following week. Such calendars shall be printed in full in the joint weeky hearing bulletin and also in the weekly bulleti: of proceedings provided for in section 20.14 of the statutes. The clerk shall also include in the bulletin of proceedings a notice after the annotations on each bill, specifying the name of the committee, the date, and the hour of the hearing.

26. Committee reports. The chairman of the committee to which any bill is referred shall report in concise form the action of the committee and the date thereof, and shall authenticate the same by his signature, e. g.:

The committee on port and recommend :

re

No. 24, S., (Synopsis of title) Passage.

No. 26, S., (Synopsis of title) Adoption of amendment No. 1, S., and passage.

No. 28, S., (Synopsis of title) Adoption of substitute amendment No. 1, S., and passage.

No. 30, S., (Synopsis of title) Indefinite postponement.
No. 32, A., (Synopsis of title) Concurrence.
No. 34, A., (Synopsis of title) Nonconcurrence.

Chairman. All committee reports shall be made in duplicate.

27. Minority reports. Members dissenting from a report of a committee shall be so reported when they request it.

In case all the members of any committee required or entitled to report on any subject referred to them, cannot agree upon a report, the majority or minority of such committee may each make a separate report; and any member dissenting in whole or in part from the reasonings and conclusions of both majority and minority, may also present a statement for his reasons and conclusions; and all reports upon, if de corous in language and respectful to the senate shall be entered at length on the journal.

28. Bill to lie on table until both reports printed. In all cases where there shall be both majority and minority reports submitted to the senate, the bill, resolution, memorial, or other

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