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her life it was a source of great pleasure Newcastle, fifth congregation ; Swallwell; to ministers and preachers who officiated Musselburgh, Union Church; Kettle, Fife; in the Cabrach chapel to have an oppor. Auchtermuchty, East congregation ; Leithtunity of conversation with this singular Lumsden, Aberdeenshire ; Tough, second She was never married."

charge, do. ; Peterhead; Burghead; Auchtergaven, second congregation ; Perth, North congregation, second charge ; Scone; Crossgates ; Longridge ; Kirkintilloch;

Oban ; Duke Street, Glasgow ; Gourock; The following are the vacancies of the Kilmaurs ; Troon ; Ayr, Cathcart Street ; United Presbyterian Church, arranged in Maybole ; Stranraer, Bridge Street; Santhe order in which the probationers circu- quhar, South congregation ; Urr; Chapellate among them during the next three knowe; Burnhead, Penpont, second months :-- Newcastle, Blackett Street; charge ; Carlisle ; Ramsey, Isle of Man; Newcastle, Clavering Place, second charge; South Ronaldshay, Orkney.



Monthly Retrospect.



10,000. A messenger then arrived, bearing a flag of truce, and a despatch from

Moshesh, in which the chief prayed for By the last accounts from the Cape, which peace, and engaged to do all he could to reach to 24th January, there appears some keep his people in order for the future. The ground for hope that peace will soon be general having accepted this submission, restored in Caffreland. General Cathcart issued a proclamation, declaring that peace had entered the sovereignty of Orange with Moshesh was restored, and authorising River, at the head of 2000 men, demand- the Boers of the sovereignty to organise ing that the Chief MOSHESH, as chief para- themselves for self-defence, and for the promount of the Basuto nation, should pay a tection, security, and recovery of their fine of 10,000 head of cattle, and 2000 cattle, in case of need; and, in a few days horses, in consideration of alleged plunder- after, he returned with his troops to the ing of the inhabitants of the Caledonian colonial boundary. River district ; and threatening reprisals The combined firmness and moderation at the end of three days, if the fine were with which this affair has been conducted not paid. A parley ensued, December 15, on the part of General Cathcart, afford between the general and the chief, in which ground to hope well of the issue of his the latter pled for an extension of the time governorship of Caffreland. Moshesh, in for collecting the cattle, and an additional the despatch above mentioned, says,day was granted him. On the third day “You have shown your power-you have the chief's son arrived at the British camp chastised—let it be enough, I pray you; with 3,500 head of cattle; but the period of and let me no longer be considered an the truce having expired without more enemy of the Queen.” This sentiment, we coming in, the troops were set in motion, trust, will spread among the tribes, and it with the view of capturing the rest from will spread all the faster that the display of the droves which were known to be col- British power is accompanied with proofslected on the Berea Mountain. They were and these the Caffre can appreciate-of resisted by a body of 6000 Basuto horse- British justice and honour. Let General men, afterwards greatly increased,—besides Cathcart, and they who may succeed hiin large bodies on foot,—whose movements in authority, be as firm in maintaining order were conducted with the utmost order and and honesty among the border colonists as regularity. It is affirmed that, from 500 to among their Caffre neighbours, and we may 700 Basutas were killed, the Minie rifle, look for the speedy arrival of a better day with which many of our soldiers were than has yet dawned on South Africa. armed, doing dreadful execution. The loss on the British side was 1 officer, 4 noncommissioned officers, and 33 privates, killed; with 2 officers, 4 non-commissioned officers and 9 privates, wounded. The Ar length the voice of the civilised world enemy having been dispersed by a charge has been heard in behalf of the confessors of cavalry, the capture of cattle began ; of Tuscany–Francisco Madiai and his wife. but the numbers taken fell short of the On Friday evening, March 18th, Lord John


Russell mentioned, in the House of Com- catch a shadow. The fruitlessness of Promons, that the Grand Duke of Tuscany testant efforts in the work of proselytism, has liberated the Madiais, and that they of which I might speak, if silence were not have embarked at Leghorn and left prudence, is a glorious proof of the strength Tuscany. People are speculating as to of Catholic faith, and a clear demonstrawhether it was the expostulations of the tion that Catholicity alone can convince British Government, or the representations the intellect and change the heart. The of America (which still more recently has Irish mission, in particular, I consider to been brought to bear on the case), that be a mere mockery, a delusion, and a have induced his highness to take this step. snare.' But of this more afterwards." The question is of no very great import- Probably he expected to learn some secrets ance. Plainly, the liberation has been in his intercourse with Protestants-secrets deferred long enough to take away from that would be of use to Jesuit priests in the Grand Duke any credit for humanity the struggle against advancing enlightenor justice which he might have gained by ment; but he would soon discover that the measure. No matter. The transaction secrets we have none. All is open, and has demonstrated that Popery is Popery above-board in the management of Prostill; that God has his work for his people testant missions. If all he says

were true to do, and that He has a people ready to about " the fruitlessness of Protestant do it. The voice of Protestant Christen- efforts in the work of proselytism," it is not dom has been heard, and has had its effect probable his superiors would have been at with the persecutors of God's saints. Praise the trouble to send him out for six months, be to God. Let His people take courage. as they seem to have done, to see how those

efforts are conducted. Perhaps, however,

there is some truth in an allegation which, RECANTATION OF PROTESTANTISM BY A

we understand, has been made by some of POPISH PRIEST.

his popish friends, that there is aberration ABOUT six months ago, a Glasgow popish of mind in the case. priest of the name of FORBES, declared himself a convert to Protestantism, and

THE ANTI-MAYNOOTH DISCUSSION. was received on trial as an agent of the Edinburgh Anti-Popery Mission. The TAE annual debate on Maynooth has come affair made some noise at the time; but off this session with rather more than ordiwe had certain scruples about it, and re- nary interest. Mr Spooner, on the 22d Febfrained entirely from noticing it in our ruary, moved, that the House resolve itself pages. What to us was the most sus- into a committee to consider the acts in picious circumstance of all was, that the reference to the College at Maynooth, Romish priests, with all their rich vocabulary “ with a view to the repeal of these clauses of abuse, had not a word to say against the which provide money-grants to the said antecedents or the character of this Rev. college." His statements, formerly made James Forbes. That they would allow a bona as to the system of education pursued at fide secession from their ranks without pelt- Maynooth, and the books used there, having the honest fugitive with a few fragrant ing never been denied, further inquiry into Irish expletives, was to us quite incompre- these subjects was not needed. By a rehensible, and with our Scotch caution, we ference to recent proceedings of Romish thought it better to wait till the mist should priests in Ireland, he showed what were lift off, that we might see clearly how the mat- the fruits of the education they received ter stood. It has cleared up at last in the at the public expense, and contended that following fashion: “I have considered," the object of the endowment having so says Priest Forbes in a letter to the Romish signally failed, it should now be withdrawn. Free Press of Glasgow, “the arguments on He showed, also, that Roman Catholic either side of the important question, and writers, who were received as authority at glory be to God, I am no longer a Protestant. Maynooth, taught doctrines subversive of I am sick of Protestantism. My soul the throne, and justifying rebellion. The loathes heresy. I intend soon to publish motion was seconded by Mr John M'Grea few of the many considerations which gor, one of the members for Glasgow. Mr have induced me to return to the Catholic Scholefield moved as an amendment, “ that Church. In the mean time, I may merely the committee should extend its consideraadd that I have vainly sought, during the tion to all enactments now in force, wherelast six months, that food for the soul, that by the revenue of the state is charged in consolation for the heart, that true spiritual aid of any ecclesiastical or religious purlife, which can be found only in the Catholic poses whatsoever, with a view to the

repeal Church. Out of her pale, all is emptiness of such enactments.” The Irish Regium and sterility. Protestants, with the best Donum, being an annual grant, was not intentions, are straining every nerve to included in this amendment. He found jects of the Jewish persuasion, in like manThe sentiments of the Roman Catholic ner and with the like exception as in the members who spoke in this debate were case of her Majesty's subjects professing strikingly curious. One of them, Mr Fagan, the Roman Catholic religion.' A bili denounced the Maynooth endowment as a founded on the principle of this resolution trick of the government, for the purpose of passed the second reading by a still increaswithdrawing Roman Catholic youth from ing majority-263 to 212—on March 10th. the influence of their priest. He neverthe- From the strength of this majority, and less voted with those who sought to let the the fact of its being supported by Governendowment remain intact! Mr Lucas re- ment, there is every probability that the pudiated voluntaryism, but would support bill will ere long pass into law. the amendment if it were made to include By many friends of religious liberty, it the Regium Donum, and “monster endow- is felt to be a pushing of their principles to

that L.20,300 per annum was spent on the ment, made by fraud, and carried out by ecclesiastical establishment of the West robbery, the Established Church in IreIndies; L.3000 on the business of the com- land.” missioners for building additional churches in The original motion-Mr Spooner's— England ; L.11,944 in augmenting stipends was lost by a majority of 192 to 162. The of parish ministers in Scotland; L.5040 in minority included the following names of stipends for additional churches in the evangelical nonconformist members :- Sir Highlands and Islands of Scotland; besides J. Anderson, E. Ball, T. Chambers, A. a large number of smaller items spent for Hastie, J. Kershaw, H. Pellatt, J. Pilkingsimilar purposes. He considered that the ton, G. Thompson. The Lord Mayor selection of the Maynooth endowment as paired in favour of the motion (10). In the first object of attack was an unjust and the majority were Mr Barnes, Mr J. Bell, ungenerous policy. If this endowment Mr F. Crossley, Sir G. Goodman, Mr G. were withdrawn, Parliament must be pre- Hadfield, and Mr Milligan (6); Mr Hindpared to enter on the whole subject of the ley, Mr Miall, and Mr Peto (3) did not re-construction of the ecclesiastical arrange- vote. On the amended motion-Mr Scholements in Ireland.—Among those who spoke field's—being put, it was rejected by 262 in support of the amendment, was Mr Miall, Noes, to 68 Ayes. The dwindled dimenmember for Rochdale. “ He could not," sions of the minority, plainly showed that he said, “vote for the motion, without Mr Spooner's strength lay chiefly in a seeming to grant that the state had a right bigotted opposition to Popery. In the to bestow an endowment for support of latter vote, however, the majority includes religion, provided it thought that religion none of the names above mentioned, save true.” We were sorry to see Mr Miall Mr Ball's. stumble at the outset of his parliamentary The members of her Majesty's Governcareer, by starting, in his maiden speech, ment maintained an ominous silence in this the paradoxical notion which he has long debate. The circumstance speaks volumes maintained about the endowment of error for the growth and strength of public being preferable to the endowment of truth. opinion out of doors against the Maynooth Experience has shown that to endow error endowment. is the way to perpetuate it; whereas truth, though it have suffered much from endow

JEWISH DISABILITIES BILL. ment, has about it a vitality which even the largesses of the state cannot wholly destroy. ANOTHER attempt has been made in ParWitness the results of the establishment of liament to extend the rights of citizenship popery in any country where it is domi- to members of the Jewish persuasion. At nant, and compare them with the results present they are excluded from the House of the establishment of Protestantism, say of Commons not by direct legislation, but in Scotland, which has probably the least only by the construction of the oath reerroneous state-church in the world—the quired members, who, on their admiscomparison will surely warrant a prefer- sion into the House, have to swear ence the opposite of Mr Miall's. But there the true faith of a Christian.” On Thurswas no need for his expressing a preference day, 24th February, Lord John Russell in the case at all. It startled the House moved that the House go into a committee, for the moment, and probably excited the to allow of an explanation being given of idea—which we confidently believe they the views of Government with reference to will soon find to be a mistaken one-that the civil disabilities affecting the Jews. the member for Rochdale is one of those The motion passed by a majority of 234 to ingenious impracticable men from whom 205. In committee the following resoluthe cause of church monopoly has not much tion passed without a division :That it to fear; but it certainly did not advance is expedient to remove all the civil disabilihis argument against ecclesiastical endow- ties at present affecting her Majesty's sub



an extremity, when it is urged in behalf of Lord Advocate has introduced a bill the Jews' eligibility as a member of Par- "to regulate the admission of professors to liament. Neither the faith of the Jew, lay chairs in the universities of Scotland.” nor in general his commercial reputation. It is intended to abolish entirely the subis such as commends him to the love of a scription of tests now required by statutes, Christian community. But his admission as far as regards chairs which do not into Parliament is a matter of plain politi- belong to the theological department of cal justice ; and mere feeling, even though study, and will require that lay professors it bears the aspect of religious, must not be subscribe a declaration almost in terms the allowed to stand in the way of obvious same as that introduced into the Test and right. Some talk of unchristianising Par- Corporation Act of 1825; namely, that liament by admitting a Jew within it—just they will not exercise any of the functions as if Parliament could be unchristianised or influence of their office to the subversion by acting according to the doctrines of or prejudice of the church establishment. Christian equity. They do not honour the It is important that the proposed measure Gospel who associate it with injustice. obtain as extensively as possible the sup

port of the country in the shape of petitions to Parliament; and we earnestly hope

that the friends of education, justice, and The advocates of sectarian exclusiveness religious freedom throughout our churches, in the appointment of our university pro- will use such diligence as the cause defessors had a short gleam of sunshine serves in preparing and forwarding petiduring the administration of the Derby tions, without any avoidable delay to both government, and high hopes prevailed on branches of the legislature. The want of the subject, especially among some of the such a general demonstration of interest members of the Edinburgh Established out of doors, would be urged as a reason Church presbytery. A heavy blow. and for withholding a measure so loudly desore discouragement have awaited them in manded by the intelligence and patriotism the accession of the new ministry. The

of the country



The British and Foreign Bible Society has now entered on the fiftieth year of its existence. At the close of the year 1802, in consequence of the difficulty experienced in obtaining copies of the Scriptures in the Welsh language, the Rev. Thomas Charles of Bala, whose frequent itinerary labours in Wales led him to know the famine of the Word of God which prevailed in the Principality, appealed for aid to the Religious Tract Society of London. At a meeting of the committee of that Society, 7th December 1802, the appeal came on for consideration, and in course of the discussion which ensued, the Rev. Joseph Hughes, one of the members of committee, observed, "Surely a society might be formed for the purpose ; and if for Wales, why not also for the empire, and for the world ?" From the acorn thus incidentally dropped, sprung the goodly tree, whose branches have since filled the whole earth. On Monday, 7th March 1804, the first public meeting of the Society was held, at a place which has frequently since been the scene of famous movements in the cause of truth, liberty, and human enlightenment—the London Tavern. Granville Sharp, Esq., the father of the British anti-slavery movement, presided over the meeting,—consisting of 300 persons, and rejoicing in the munificent treasury of L.700, from which to start operations in printing the Bible for Britain and the world! The constitution of the Society was, from the first, of a most catholic description. Of the committee, consisting of thirty-six persons, it was arranged that fifteen should be Dissenters, and as many churchmen, while to vindicate the assumption of the word “Foreign” in the Society's designation, the complement was made up by the names of six foreign gentlemen, resident in London.

Under the superintendence of this Society, the Word of God has been printed in 148 different languages—121 being new translations; and of these 25 are languages which previously had never been reduced to a written form. From the different languages and dialects in which already the Scriptures have been printed by the Society, six hundred millions of persons, that is, six-sevenths of the human family, may now read in their own tongue the wonderful works of God. The num

ber of auxiliary societies, officiating with the parent one, is 3249 British ; 510 Irish; and 498 Colonial-making 4251 in all; while the Foreign Bible Societies amount to 4000. The total amount of money expended by the Society since its origin is upwards of four millions sterling.

The fiftieth anniversary of the Society was celebrated by a meeting at Exeter Hall, on Tuesday, 8th March—the Earl of Shaftesbury, the president, in the chair, supported by the Duke of Argyll, Lord Teignmouth, Lord Charles Russell, the Earl of Carlisle, the Bishop of Winchester, with a distinguished array of ministers of various denominations. The tone of the proceedings was elevated and animating in the highest degree, and many noble sentiments were uttered, most appropriate to the present circumstances of the Christian church in her prospect of renewing the struggle for the authority of the Divine word. It was in the best sense an antipopery meeting—assailing popish error, not directly, but by strengthening the grand citadel of Protestant truth. The fundamental principle of the Society is, that the Word of God is designed for universal diffusion, and that its Divine author has given to every human being the right to possess and read it. But this principle strikes at the roots of popery, for it involves the right of private judgment and private responsibility. No organisation on earth, therefore, is more heartily hated and anathematized at Rome than the British and Foreign Bible Society. In the eye of the Pope, it is the very arsenal and armoury of the enemy, and its destruction would be hailed with greater joy and triumph than the blowing up of Woolwich would be to a hostile invader of Great Britain. But in proportion as it is cursed by Romanists, it will be the boast of enlightened and Christian Britons. Well was it observed by the noble chairman—" It is an immense honour put upon this country by Almighty God, that it should be the earthly depositary of His truth, to flow forth in refreshing streams to all the nations of the earth. It is a great and mighty honour, and we must rise to the height of our responsibility. All the records and correspondence of the Society go to prove that there is an increasing desire on the part of the people, both Protestant and Roman Catholic, to possess the Word of God; how important that this desire be met by a ready and easily accessible supply of the sacred Scriptures !

The chief speakers at the jubilee meeting were the Bishop of Winchester, Mr James of Birmingham, the Duke of Argyll, Dr Duff, the Earl of Carlisle, Mr Stowell, and Dr Cumming. Mr James, with that glowing christian pathos in which he so much excels, recalled the memory of the illustrious dead who had been identified with the Society-its earlier operations including the names of Grant, Vansittart, Henry Thornton, Zachary Macaulay, Stephen, and Wilberforce. Perhaps the speech most fully up to the occasion of earnest, holy triumph which the jubilee presented was that of Lord Carlisle, in which he described the results of the Society's operations at home and throughout the world. His Lordship has won the esteem of all good men by the interest and zeal he has displayed in behalf of the working classes, and his estimate of their position, intellectually and socially. In reviewing the labours and successes of the Bible Society, he showed himself to be quite at home in appraising the value of obscure and faithful labour. They would all,” he said, “ feel primarily that the whole praise, honour, and victory was due to the Omnipotent; they would feel next, that so far as He had been pleased to own and bless human agency, they principally belonged to the humble and laborious agents and servants of the Society, whether at home or abroad, to the travelling agent plying his unwearied round of visits, often amid the listless and indifferent; to the secretary working at his desk; to the translator, amid overwhelming difficulties of idioms and dialect; to the colporteur in chilly journeys under unkind skies, and often amid the unkinder menaces of his fellow-men; to the missionary, also, always a synonyme with the exile, and often with the martyr.” The part which the Bible Society sustains in the battle against Popery, was forcibly brought out by Canon Stowell. “ Let us look,” said he, “at all popish Europe, groaning under the dark thraldom of the man of sin. What is its great want? What is to be the great remedy for all its woes? The Bible—which, thank God, is not bound though the Madiai are, and which neither pope, nor priest, nor conclave can bind. It pursues its secret way up and down; it is read at the midnight

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