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met at Greenock, 18th January--Rev. W. of Crieff, respectively, to the building fund Steven, Largs, moderator. Mr R. Knox, board. Mr İmrie, student in divinity, deunder trials for license, delivered two dis- livered part of his trials for license, which courses, which were sustained. A discourse

were unanimously sustained. by Mr William Gillies, student, was also bytery again met on the 18th January-Dr approved of. Mr Robert Brown, who had Young, moderator, pro tem. Dr Young renot attended the Theological Hall for se- ported, that he had had a conference with veral years in consequence of bodily indis- the Second Congregation of Auchtergaven, position, delivered a discourse which was after preaching there as appointed by the sustained, and he was encouraged to pro- presbytery; and that the congregation had ceed with his studies. The Rev. Suther- agreed to apply for sermon for some time land Sinclair was appointed to preside in longer. The students in divinity, within the moderation of a call at Gourock, on the the bounds of presbytery, were appointed 23 of February, at seven o'clock P.m. The to receive from the district committees next meeting of presbytery was appointed subjects for discourses, whose manuscripts to be held at Paisley, on the first Tuesday are to be submitted for the examination of of March. The remit of Synod, as to the the presbytery. Mr Jas. Imrie having given more liberal support of the Gospel minis- in all his trials for license, with the approbatry, and the injunction in reference to con- tion of the presbytery, was licensed to gregational statistics, to be then considered. preach the Gospel. The next meeting was

Perth.—This presbytery met on 21st appointed to be on Tuesday after the December. Read an overture, addressed second Sabbath of March. to the Synod, respecting a formula of admission to the membership of the church, from the session of North Church, Perth,agreed to transmit it. In accordance with The Synod, at its meeting in May last, the wishes of the congregation of Kinkell, having heard a report from the secretaries agreed to apply for service to them till of the Liquidating Debt Board, after reaMarch, for every alternate Sabbath ; and soning, “expressed their strong sense of appointed Mr Ramsay to preside in the ses- the importance of the Liquidating Debt sion there, when requested. Appointed Dr Scheme--re-appointed the Board, and, in Young to preach to the Second Congrega- addition to the powers given.them last, aption of Auchtergaven, on Sabbath first, and pointed a general collection to be made in afterwards to have a conference with them. aid of the fund, on the second Sabbath of The committee appointed to report upon February next-enjoined presbyteries to the communication from the Mission Board, take due care to ascertain that said collecrespecting the missionary contributions of tion is made by the congregations and stathis presbytery,-gave in their report, tions within their bounds, in terms of rule which, after deliberation, was approved, 17, sec. iii., chap. i., of the Forms of Proadopted, and appointed to be transmitted cedure; and authorised the Board to send to the board. Transmitted also, repre- deputations to such congregations as shall sentations from the Second Congregation not have reported before the 1st of April of Newburgh, and the Second Congregation next.”


Monthly Retrospect. .


much to learn in the way of devotedness and zealous assiduity, before they can hope to match the votaries of the man of sin. The incident occurs when Mr Spencer, with two American fellow-travellers, is on his way to Rome:

WHATEVER may be thought of Jesuit morality, nobody who knows anything of the “ order ” and its history can fail to admire Jesuit diligence. A recent traveller, Edmund Spencer, Esq., who publishes his “Tour of Inquiry through France and Italy,” gives an example of the zeal with which the followers of Loyola prosecute their plans for the maintenance and extension of church power. Apart from the deceit and villany which the case illustrates, it will show that the friends of Gospel truth - male and female - have

“ The next morning, at Capua, while breakfasting with our gallant friends, the waiter announced a French lady, the Countess de L-e, an elegant, ladylike woman, who, although somewhat past the age of love and romance, might still be termed pretty. She stated that the object of her visit was to petition for a place in our carriage as far as Rome,

and another on the outside for her servant, and Regius Professor of Hebrew in the offering to pay her share of the expenses. She University of Cambridge, died at Barley apologised in the politest manner for the in- Rectory, Hertfordshire, on 16th December trusion, by saying, that being unprotected, last. Not less for his position as the foreshe trusted the unsettled state of the country might be pleaded as an excuse for the liberty singular and gratifying course, by which,

most Orientalist of his age, than for the she had taken; adding, that she knew by placing herself under the protection of Eng.

in Divine Providence, he was brought to lishmen, a name synonymous with all that

that honourable eminence, such a man dewas brave and honourable, her safety was in- serves that his departure should not pass sured. Who could resist such a flattering without notice at our hands. We learn speech? My friend, whom we termed the from “ Kitto's Journal of Sacred Literaphilosopher of Boston, looked at his com- ture,” that Dr Lee received the first rudipanion, the poet of New York, and both cast

ments of learning at a charity school at a searching glance on their English brother; Longnor, and at twelve he was put apprenand presuming their feelings agreed with mine, and that denial was impossible, we made

tice to a carpenter. Though he had only our wishes and convenience submit, though

six shillings per week, he contrived to with shame I confess it, very reluctantly, to

spare something to gratify his desire for our gallantry.

learning, and acquired the kuowledge of “ The circumstance would have been too Latin and Greek, reading Cicero, Cæsar, trifling to record, were it not illustrative of Horace, Plato, Homer, and Lucan. After the social character of the country, and the this a copy of the “ Targum” of Onkelos protecting care with which a traveller is came in his way, which he learned to read; watched on every side by the secret agents of and this introduction to oriental study was this most suspicious government. Before we soon followed by the acquisition of the quitted the hotel, a kind friend placed in my Syriac and Samaritan languages. By this hand a slip of paper, in which he cautioned time he had attained his twenty-fifth year, me to beware of the lady, as he knew her to be one of the most dangerous women in Italy,

still continuing to labour at bis handicraft. -a perfect

Jesuit in petticoats,-a spy of the Being sent by his master to superintend police, and that her servant was, in all proba- the repairing of a large house in Worcesbility, a priest! In addition to her personal tershire, he determined to relinquish the charms, and great amiability of manners, our study of languages, and give himself more fair Jesuit as a linguist was admirably qualified thoroughly to his trade as a means of supto carry on any political intrigue with success. port. But a fire breaking out in the house, She spoke the Italian language almost with consumed his tools, worth about L.25, and the fluency of a native; she also knew the left him without a shilling. He then thought English, German, and Spanish, sufficiently of some new course of life in which his well to converse.

As may be supposed, it required a great deal of acting on my part to

former studies might prove advantageous,

and became master of a school at Shrewsmystify so clever a woman ; I succeeded, however, in drawing from her an admission that bury. Being thus devoted to learning as she was engaged with other pious French a profession, he soon acquired such distincladies of high rank in endeavouring to con

tion as to be consulted by government vert the English aristocracy, while travelling about the translation of an Eastern docuon the continent, to the Roman Catholic faith. ment which the officials at the foreign If her representations might be relied on, and office had found to be beyond their scholarI have no reason to doubt them, she was on ship; and from this step the gradation was terms of intimacy, and corresponded with several of our great Roman Catholic families

easy to preferment in the University and

the Church of England. in England and Ireland. She spoke most affectionately of her dear Lord and Lady eminent man, and no doubt this will soon

We long to see a full biography of this Fleming, of those shining lights who had seen the error of their ways, and embraced the

be forthcoming. It will serve an excellent true faith— Messrs Newman, Wilberforce, purpose in stimulating and encouraging and Manning, and stated how instrumental youth of the humbler ranks to avail themshe had been in their conversion. This, with selves diligently of the means of learning her allusions to many other persons of dis- within their reach. tinguished rank in England, suspected to be wavering in their belief in the doctrines of the Reformed Church, afforded additional

STATISTICS OF AMERICAN DENOMINATIONS. confirmation to the opinion I had long enter

The following statement is furnished by tained, that a widely-spread organised con- the Rev. Dr Belcher, Philadelphia, from spiracy exists, the object of which is to undermine the Protestant faith of England.”

information collected by him at the close of 1852:

The Congregationalists report as to the THE LATE DR SAMUEL LEE, OF CAMBRIDGE.

six New England States (and there are but

few Congregationalists in the other States) De Lee, the famous Oriental scholar, 1367 orthodox churches; 153,518 members

This year,.......
Last year,

added last year.

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(of whom 49,387 only are males); ministers, Members in Ireland, 1396; of these 284 are without any charge;

This year....... 20,040 20,040 and only 857 are settled as pastors. The

Last year........ 20,915 nett increase of members during the past year was 1621, only a fraction over one

Decrease on the year,

875 member to each church. About one-fifth Members in tbe Foreign of these churches have neither pastors nor Stations, stated supplies.

101,338 101,338 The Baptists have regular churches, 9952;

98,011 ministers, 7393; members, 770,839. In 1792, there were 1000 churches; 1264 Increase on the year, 3,327 ministers; and 70,017 members.


402 641 The Methodist Episcopal Church, in their Total decrease in Great Britain, 20,946 “ Almanack for 1853,” report 4005 travel

Ireland......... 875 ling preachers, 391 supernumeraries, and 5716 local preachers; they have 628,376

21,821 members, and 95,288 probationers for mem- Deduct increase on Missions,... 3,327 bership, making a total of 723,664; increase during the last year about 20,000. The Nett decrease throughout the world, 18,494 number of coloured members is about On trial in Great Britain, 13,304 28,000. They have also 8696 Sunday- The Foreign Missions, 5,499 schools, 472,326 scholars, 93,488 teachers. In infant-classes they have 38,542 scholars, Total number on trial, 18,803 and in their Sunday-school libraries there are 1,260,166 volumes.

THE AMERICAN LADIES' REJOINDER. The Presbyterians (O. S.), report 2039 ministers, and 2773 churches, with 210,414 We quoted, last month, an address, origimembers, upwards of 17,000 of whom were nating with Lord Shaftesbury and the

Duchess of Sutherland, to the ladies of The “Church!” (Episcopal) Almanack” America, on the subject of slavery. In for 1852, reports 29 dioceses, 1597 priests answer to it a document has been published, and deacons, 5113 Sunday-school teachers, bearing to be “the affectionate and Chrisand 42,932 scholars. They cautiously re- tian address of the women of the United frain from giving the number of their com- States of America to their sisters, the municants, but Dr Belcher estimates them, women of England.” It is impossible for probably correctly, at 73,000.

us as yet to determine what weight is to be The Episcopalians have one minister to attached to this rejoinder. That it has every 63 communicants; the Methodists, 1 been, or will be, subscribed by the “ many to 30; the Congregationalist, 1 to 111; the thousands” referred to, is not quite clear; Presbyterians, 1 to 113; and the Baptists, and that it may soon be openly repudiated 1 to 132.

by as many thousands as have adopted it is by no means improbable. The women

of America, as far as this document repreDECREASE OF METHODISM IN 1852.

sents them, do not condescend to deny, or An abstract, compiled by the Watchman explain, or mitigate the matters referred to newspaper, from schedules presented to the in the expostulation of their English sislast meeting of the Wesleyan Conference, ters. They treat the whole affair as if it gives a view of the decrease of the connec. were a quarrel in Billingsgate, and, in tion in 31 of the 32 districts, into which, effect, reply, “ You're another"--adding a for connectional purposes, Britain is di- few such expletives as usually accompany vided. The only district in which there is that elegant and summary mode of expresnot à decrease, is that of Shetland Isles, sion. As it takes two parties to make a where there is an increase of 18 members. proper quarrel, we have no doubt this The greatest decrease is in the London dis- wrathful contention will soon die out. Notrict, 2099. In that of Cornwall, it is 2059; body on this side the channel will kindle Birmingham, 1747 ; Lincoln, 1705; Hull, at the flame which blazes in the American 1369; Leeds, 1166. In each of the other reply. We can bear to have our faults districts, it is less than 1000. The follow- told us, and are thankful if the exposure ing is a general recapitulation of the re- lead us to see them and forsake them.

Should the representation accord with Members in Great Britain,

truth, the benefit of exposure is ours; and 281,263 281,263 should there be an over-colouring of the 302,209

picture, we can at least find comfort in

thinking that we are not so desperately Decrease on the year, 20,946

“Let the righte

wicked as we are called.


This year,...
Last year,...

ous smite me, it shall be a kindness; and emigration to Canada, we should have little let him reprove me, it shall be an excellent

to say against them. Our“ slaves to ignoroil which shall not break my head: for yet ance, slaves to penury, slaves to vice,” are my prayer also shall be in their calamities." either like the Chinese to opium-eating, and

The gist of the reply is, that the British the Irish to Popery-voluntary slaves, or, have been guilty of cruelty and injustice in at least, slaves in spite of all that legislaextending their colonial possessions; that tion can do. Our slaves to ignorance are we forced the opium traffic upon the Chi- free to learn; our slaves to penury free to nese; that British misrule in Ireland bas, acquire wealth by honest industry, and, within the last year, driven away twenty once acquired, none but themselves can per cent. of the population of that country; call it master ; our slaves to vice free to and finally, that our land is filled with reform and become virtuous. Let Amerislaves—slaves to ignorance, slaves to pen- can slaves be as free to alter their condiury, and slaves to vice.” Now, so far as tion, and then our sisters over the water these evils have been inflicted by British may compare their slavery with ours ; but legislation, or the British Executive, they so long as an ignorant slave is forbidden are deplored and denounced by none more by law to learn to read ; a poor one to hold earnestly than by those who are foremost property, even in himself; and a wicked in seeking emancipation for the slave. one to become virtuous without exposing Our transactions India, like those of the himself thereby to the lash of his owner, United States among the native tribes by the comparison is ridiculous, and we have whom they are surrounded, have not all not the least doubt that it is felt to be so been conducted on principles of christian by them who make it. We long to hear equity; and the voice of the christian what the churches of America say of our people in this country has been as loud in countrywomen's address; for the reply we condemning them as ever was that of the here notice cannot fairly 'be taken as conAmericans in condemning similar faults on veying the sentiment of the women of the the part of their government towards abo- great republic. riginal neighbours. The influence of our christian churches is increasingly brought

GAOL PRISONERS CONFIRMED. to bear on these matters; and even when we do not succeed to the extent we could SOME time about last Christmas, at the gaol desire, we are not tarred and feathered for of Preston, in Lancashire, as we learn from speaking out, and not compelled, as the the “ Chronicle” of that town, the Lord Fugitive Law compels American citizens, Bishop of Manchester held a confirmation, to take an active part in the wickedness. which rite was administered to 88 of the The opium trade in China is a black spot prisoners, varying in age from 14 to 55. in our history; but surely it would have The ceremony was performed at the request been blacker still if we had not only insisted of the Rev. J. Clay, who represented that on offering our opium for sale to those who this large number of prisoners had never might choose to buy it, but had forced the received the solemn rite of confirmation. poison down the throats of the Chinese “ This,” adds the “Chronicle,” “ is an event people. It is this forcing we deplore in the unparalleled, we believe, within the preAmerican slave system.

If they would cincts of a prison.” And we add further, merely offer to flog, and sell, and keep the it is such an event that “nought but itself Bible from those who wish to be so treated, should be its parallel.” That individual it would take away much of the sin. That convicts, even while suffering for their British misrule is' answerable for much of crimes against the laws of society, might, the misery of Ireland is too true; but that under proper instruction, be brought to a misery does not prevail throughout all Ire- sense of sin, we do not reckon improbable: land, -showing that there must be some but surely even in the case of such converts other cause than misgovernment at work; there is no such haste required for their and similar wretchedness prevails in many “ ratifying and confirming in their own perother countries where Popish priestcraft is sons, openly before the church, the solemn in the ascendant, and British misgovern- vow and promise made in their name at ment is unknown-showing plainly where baptism,” that they could not wait till their the root of the evil lies. But surely the term of imprisonment was completed. And reference to Irish emigration was a slip in that all the 88 unconfirmed prisoners, colframing the American reply! Why remind lected en masse, were in such a state as to us that the victims of our tyranny are fly- justify the bishop to say of them in the ing off in hundreds of thousands ? Is this solemn presence of the Hearer of prayer, & parallel to America, keeping her slaves as the order of confirmation requires him chained in gangs, and hunting them with to do—“Almighty and everlasting God, bloodhounds, lest they escape to a land of who has vouchsafed to regenerate these thy liberty? Would they only permit free servants by water and the Holy Ghost, and

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hast given unto them forgiveness of all their Church Establishment, which has left the
sins; "-is a thing so clearly improbable, that religious instruction of the people mainly
we cannot conceive of any rational mind to Dissenters, who form a large majority
believing it to be true. Surely the effect of of the population. The Rev. John Burnet
the ceremony must be to confirm them in attended as a deputation from the executive
something the very reverse of Christianity committee, and commenced his tour on the
To hear them renew the covenant in 13th December, at Pontypool, where a
which they “renounce the devil and all his soirée was held, at which nearly 1000 per-
works, the vain pomp and glory of this sons were present, hundreds more being
world, with all covetous desires of the unable to effect an entrance into the room
same, and the carnal desires of the flesh," in which it was held. There was a large
while yet they have to be kept within pri. attendance of ministers and other gentle-
son walls lest they put forth their hand and men from neighbouring places, and the pro-
steal; and thereupon to declare them re- ceedings, which were conducted in both
generate and forgiven, are not likely, we Welsh and English, were of the most ani-
apprehend, to increase either their venera- mated character. A large number of ladies
tion for the solemn truths of religion, or provided the refreshments on the occasion,
their abhorrence of the crimes for which the result of which was, the handing over
they suffer. This wholesale confirmation of a good sum to the Association. On the
of gaol prisoners is of a piece with the ad- day following a similar gathering took
ministering of the holy Supper to the mur- place at Newport, where the effective ser-
derers, Mannings, at the scaffold, and the vices of the ladies were again called into
burial of them and of all and sundry,“ in the requisition. On the 15th, Mr Burnet lec-
sure and certain hope of the resurrection tured at Cardiff on the very suggestive
to eternal life.” If such things are to con- topic, “ Recent Ecclesiastical Events con.
tinue, it is time, at least, that they should sidered in relation to the Separation of the
not be done at the expense and with the Church and State," after which three or
sanction of the British nation.

four speeches were delivered. Mr Burnet
finished his tour at Swansea, where a soirée
was held in the Assembly Rooms. Meet-

ings of the Association have also been held

at Middlesborough-on-Tees, and at North TAE Anti-state Church Association, which Shields, at which a deputation was present. has just commenced its operations for the At the last-named place increased interest winter, has been holding a series of success- was given to the meeting by the enormous ful meetings in South Wales—a part of the extent to which some Quakers have recountry which furnishes abounding evidence cently been plundered by excessive disof the injustice and the inefficiency of the traints for church rates.



A RUMOUR was in circulation for some days during this month of January, that Francisco Madiai, after long captivity as a confessor of Christ's Gospel, had at last perished in prison. It was known that his health had been declining, in consequence of his severe and cruel bondage. He himself had persisted in declaring that the food presented to him was drugged, and that he felt his life giving way as if under the influence of slow poison. The Florentines, from the days of Peruzzi and Cosmo de Medici downward, have been understood to excel in that branch of pharmacy, whose chief object is the taking away of human life secretly and scientifically; and nothing seemed more probable, than that Jesuit rancour, united with Florentine skill, would adopt this method for despatching the obnoxious Bible-reader. No difficulty, therefore, was felt in admitting the rumour of Francisco's death. How the report originated, does not yet appear. If it was some priestly trick, intended to ascertain how such an event would be taken by the multitudinous friends of the sufferer, and whether poisoning would not be the quietest way for the Grand Duke and his advisers to get quit of the awkward business in which they find themselves entangled ; the result, it is to be hoped, will

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