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the literary staff engaged for it give good “moulding” of the section from which it promise that it will, with the same vigorous differs! Does he intend to act on this plan and effective writing, this journal will prove in conducting the “ Abstainer's Journal”? one of the most influential organs of opinion The Temperance League has “ no opinion.” which the press of Scotland has yet pro- on certain very important questions, such duced.
as Church and State connection, and the
Presbyterian form of Church Government: TAE ABSTAINER'S JOURNAL.
we believe our esteemed brother-editor has, the Rev. William Reid. No. I. Jan- individually, a very decided opinion on both.
Is it his opinion, or the League’s “no
opinion,” that is to be reflected from the Glasgow : Scottish Temperance League.
“Journal”? We shall see. In the meanACCORDING to the re-adjustment of the
time, in conducting the “ United PresbyLeague's periodical literature at the begin- terian Magazine,” we must go on to proning of the year, this journal is to be their mote the Christian virtue of temperance in cheap monthly publication, stimulating and such a way as our position admits of, and registering the operations of the abstinence
our observation and experience seem to cause. The first Number is a lively and racy
approve,-even if we should not be able, by production, showing, both in its selections so doing, to “command the respect of” and its original articles, a sagacious appreci- our friend's “ enlightened men.” ation of what constitutes popular writing. The Editor expresses, in strong language, dissatisfaction with the “United Presby
THE WORLD TO COME; or, the Kingdom of terian Magazine” for leaving total abstin
God. By the Rev. J. COCHRANE, A.M.
1852. ence an open question in its columns, as it is
Second edition. Pp. 428. in the United Presbyterian Church. O, if he
Edinburgh: Paton & Ritchie. had but the charge of this Magazine ! then The present production of the parish mishould it not only have an opinion of its nister of Cupar is much nearer to our taste own on the question, but it would seek, as than his lucubrations on the Unusual and its “very object,” to “mould others to its Difficult Texts of Scripture. It treats the own opinion;" for without this, he tells us, wide subject of future things. It is written it cannot “ command the respect of en- in a serious and edifying strain, and conlightened men.” No matter that the United tains not a little valuable matter. We Presbyterian Synod has no opinion on the cannot accept all Mr Cochrane's concluabstinence movement, and that the “United sions as our own; and he falls occasionally, Presbyterian Magazine” is expected to re- even in this work, before his besetting sin present, as fairly as it can, the church whose of magniloquence: but there is so much in name it bears. These things go for nothing the volume which is really profitable for with our zealous friend. He would take care the use of edifying, that we heartily bid it that, in one matter at least, the “Magazine” God speed. May it be the means of fixing should be the advocate of a particular sec- the attention of all its readers more eartion of the Synod; and that, every month, nestly and habitually on the world to the furnace should be heated for another come!
EASTERN AFRICA.—A MISSIONARY'S PERILS
IN THE WILDERNESS.
The Church of England Missionary Society has for a few years been attempting a missionary settlement on this coast, about the fourth degree of south latitude, at a place called New Rabbai. But the results hitherto have been very discouraging, although the field appears to be open before them. The latest intelligence from Dr Krapf, the principal missionary of the station, gives the particulars of the death of one of his fellow-labourers, the Rev. C.
Pfefferle, who was early seized with fever, and cut off before entering on his work. He was long unaware of the dangerous condition to which he was reduced, spoke of recovery, and trusted that he would be spared to instruct the poor ignorant Africans. In the latter stage of his sickness he, during his wanderings, spoke constantly of some struggle or fight in which he was engaged, and in which he wished to press onward. He continued calm, and enjoying the peace of a Saviour, without any discontent or impatience, which was instructive to the whole mission. He died May 10, 1851. The communication from Dr Krapf is which tired him to excess, entangling his chiefly occupied with the narrative of a legs in walking. He soon felt so tired as to journey which, subsequently to Mr Pfef- relinquish hope of reaching the coast ; but ferle's death, he undertook into the interior, again he cast himself on that God who with the view of opening communication knew his condition, and who pities the with various tribes, and preaching to them needy and perplexed when they cry unio the word of life. He proceeded inland a Him. Pressing onward, he at length could journey of fifteen days, and was there scarcely stand from excessive weariness, abandoned by the native attendants who and laid himself down; but, shivering with had accompanied him; so that he was the cold, he cut some dry grass and made necessitated to relinquish the plans he had a bed for himself, where he immediately formed, and resolved that, after two months fell asleep, amid the howling of the hyena, occupied in preaching to the natives, he thinking of Him who, in the days of his would return to the coast. He proceeded residence on earth, was among wild beasts to the hamlet of a chief, with whom he had of the wilderness; and had sanctified also been on a previous visit, and had there an that condition of his servants, many of opportunity of making known the Gospel whom had “ wandered in deserts and in to some individuals from more distant mountains.”. Resuming his journey, he tribes, who happened to be there. He had felt his weariness gone a little; but hunger found these natives so ready to listen to and thirst came upon him like a giant. his instructions, that eventually reso ed He had lost the water with which he had to travel northward, in the hopes of ex- filled his telescope-case and gun-barrel at tending his knowledge of these countries. the river, from the banks of which he had The chief Kivoi, with whom he sojourned, at present started in this perilous journey. accompanied him, and one of the natives Feeling hungry to excess, he tried to chew of a tribe which they intended to visit. leaves, roots, ants, and refuse. He tried This journey proved most disastrous: they to catch birds; and, hearing the roaring were attacked by a wild tribe of people; of a lion, and also the wail of some animal the hospitable chief accompanying him was which had become its prey, he was enhim. These proved to be friends, who, about an hour. He afterwards found some though he hid himself from them, called sugar.canes growing, the delicious juice of him by name, and bade him come out of which served as his breakfast. He again his hiding-place. They were relatives of concealed himself during the day, and at Kivoi, the chief who had been slain, and night resumed his toilsome journey, through were of the party attacked, but made their as great troubles as he had ever experiescape together, and had travelled all night enced during his travelling life. Not knowlong like himself. He was unable to give ing the way, he travelled at random, amid them any intelligence of the unfortunate considerable danger of being discovered. chief, being himself at that time ignorant He was revived by coming to a pool of of his fate. They gave him some food, and water and sugar-cane; but, alas ! he again conducted him, after much additional hard- became soon entangled by high grass, ship, to the plantation of Umama, a rela- thorns, pits, morasses, and at last by a tive of Kivoi. But here, though he got forest of impenetrable shrubs, which made present relief from his oppressive hunger, him despair of reaching any friendly home. thirst, and weariness, his rest was short- He also discovered, to his dismay, that he lived. They had learned the fate of Kivoi, was making little progress in his journey; and they deliberated whether they ought and at length resolved to relinquish his not to put the white man to death for hav.
and the whole party dispersed. Dr livened with the hope of finding some fragKrapf's life was providentially preserved ments left, but was prevented from reachin this rencontre, by his falling into a deep ing the spot. Next day he was astonished ditch, where he escaped the observation of at his preservation through the dangers of the enemy, and where he found, after the night. He passed four huge rhinoclambering out of it, that he was left alone ceroses, which at first startled at him, but in a savage region, far from any known made no attempt to attack him. friend, and many days' journey from his sandy pit, which looked very wet, he dug missionary companions. His journey home with his knife for water, but found none; embraced such an amount of peril and suf- he then took the wet sand into his mouth fering, as to form a striking illustration of to moisten his tongue, but this also was of that Providence which can, even without no use. Disappointed in all his hopes and a miracle, accomplish the most remarkable endeavours with respect to food and water, preservation of human life. He could he sat down upon the trunk of a fallen travel only during the darkness of night, tree, and reflected on his forlorn condition, and concealed himself by day; enduring and cried unto Him who has promised to indescribable sufferings from hunger and have mercy upon the needy and afflicted. thirst. After commending himself and the He then walked and rested alternately, mission in East Africa to the grace and overcome by excessive weariness. The protection of God, he at nightfall com- rising hot sun increased his thirst much ; menced the journey in which he was to but still he said to himself, It is in vain to grope
to the nearest place of safety lament or to reflect on your condition, you known to him. He remembered Mungo must go on or perish in the wilderness. Park's wonderful deliverances, and found About noon he came to the dry channel of in them great comfort to his mind. He a river, where he at length found a pit full had nothing to direct his course, but as they of water, and lifted up his eyes to heaven, had the wind at their back in coming up to and thanked his faithful God for his infinite the region where they were attacked, he mercy and care in time of need. Proceednow went as closely as possible in the ing onward in a sequestered region, he wind's eye, travelling at random, as it were, tried to abate his hunger by eating some through thick and thin; sometimes falling wild fruits, or trying to chew some young into a little pit, or over a rock, or trunk of shoots of a tree, which, however, were so a tree hidden in the grass. At another time acrid as to give him pain. Shortly after bis way was impeded by thorns and bushes, this he espied a man standing on a prowhich troubled him severely:. But the minence of the mountain, which he had greatest impediment was the high grass, begun to ascend, and a female following
attempt to escape, and to give up himing failed in saving the chief. Conducted self to Kivoi's relatives, be the consefrom thence to the hamlet of another rela
quence what it might. At day - light, a tive of the chief, his suspicions of an in- native whom he met assisted him in find. tention to assassinate him were increased. ing the way; and, after much inquiry, He also received a hint from some of the he found out the hut of an influential natives that his destruction was intended ; native whom he knew, who showed him and further learned that fifteen unoffending kindness, and informed him that his own traders, from the tribe which they pre- servant and his companion had heard of sumed had slain Kivoi, had been, in re- his escape, and were waiting for him in a venge, assassinated by the relatives of that neighbouring hamlet. He found, on his chief. He therefore decided on flight, which repairing thither, that they had left a few he accomplished, amid many difficulties, in days ago; and here he was compelled, by the dead of night. He hurried on, in great force, to go to Kivoi's hamlet, where he danger of being discovered. During the found the eldest brother of the chief. He day he lay in the grass, not daring to declared that the plan of assassinating Dr stand up, or to move about. He prayed Krapf had never been conceived by themand read the Word of God in his secluded selves, but alleged some stratagems on the solitariness; where, however, he suffered part of others, though not to compass his much from the powerful beams of the sun, death. From this place he was, after some and was unable to sleep, however earnestly days, allowed to depart; and at last, after he desired it. Resuming his flight when much toil, reached his brethren in safety, night returned, all the difficulties and casu- who all united with him in thanking the alties he had previously encountered beset Father of all mercies for the wonderful him at every step. High grass and thorns deliverance he had experienced in his long impeded his progress; he frequently stum-' and eventful journey. bled over rocks, or trunks of trees, and Such a narrative of missionary peril and fell into a pit or dry torrent. The thorns suffering may well awaken the sympathy of lacerated him ; hunger and thirst tor- the church at home, who are not called to mented him. He at length came to the 6 bear the burden and heat of the day;" sandy channel of a deep torrent, where, and it may well stimulate their prayers on after search, he found a little pit of water, behalf of the men who so hazard their lives for which he gave hearty thanks to God. unto the death, on behalf of the heathen He waded on, until overwhelmed by sleep. who are ready to perish. He lay down under a tree, and slept for
Intelligence.-United Presbyterian Church.
Scott, during last session of the Hall, and a Galloway.--This presbytery met at Wig. certificate transferring Mr James Steedtown on the 23d November. Professorial man, student in divinity of the fourth year, certificates were read, attesting the regular from the presbytery of Stirling. Mr Ross attendance of Messrs Ross, M'Ewen, and having intimated his wish to be taken on trials for license, was examined, and the generally, as bearing on the suliject of the presbytery agreed to prescribe trial sub- board's communication. In terms of inui. jects, when the clerk intimated that, owing mation given at last meeting, Dr Struthers to the long interval between this and last submitted an overture to Synod, to the effect, meeting, he and Mr Hogarth had taken that the moderator of Synod be hereafter the liberty to prescribe trial subjects, which elected on the forenoon of Wednesday durwere approved of, and Mr Ross delivered ing the first week of the Synodical meeting, his homily, sermon, and critical exercise, prior to the one at which he is to discharge which were all approved of. Subjects and the moderator's office. The overture was exercises were prescribed to Messrs Steed- unanimously adopted by the presbytery, and man, Scott, and M'Ewen, and the clerk ordered to be transmitted to Synod. A was authorised to transfer Mr M'Ewen
case of appeal was next taken up, from a to the presbytery of Dumfries. Messrs sentence of the session of Cathedral Street Smellie and Hogarth were appointed a Church, Glasgow, excluding the appellant committee to negotiate with Dr Roberts from church fellowship, on the ground of son, and make arrangements for the re- her having married the brother of her deception of a deputation to advocate the ceased husband. In the absence of the apclaims of the Scholarship Scheme. Mr pellant, a letter was read from her, reHogarth was appointed treasurer, and questing the presbytery to give decision Messrs Smellie and Pullar were appointed without her presence. The session, in these a committee to examine the late treasurer's circumstances, agreed to waive their right accounts, and to report at next meeting. of oral pleading, and the merits of the case The presbytery recommended that a spe- were heard only on the reasons of appeal, cial acknowledgment of gratitude to God, and the session's answers thereto. Parties for his goodness in the late abundant har- being removed, Dr Beattie moved that the vest, should be made as soon as convenient appeal be dismissed, and the sentence of the in all the congregations in which it has session sustained. Other members having not already been made. The convener of spoken in favour of the motion, it was the committee on missions read a report, carried unanimously. The appellant was when the committee, and esp:cially Mr allowed till next meeting of presbytery to Hannay, received the cordial thanks of the determine whether she will appeal from the presbytery for the diligence they have finding to the Synod. On petition of the manifested. Next meeting to be held at church at Oban, for a member of presbyWigtown on Tuesday, 25th January. tery to preside among them at a meeting at
Glasgow.—This presbytery met on Tues- which the question of petitioning for a moday, 11th January, in Grayfriars' session- deration is to be taken up, Mr Jeffrey was house_Rev. Dr Lindsay, moderator. Mr appointed to that duty. Burgess called attention to the minutes of Lanark.—This presbytery met on the last Synod, in reference to statistical re- 18th of January—the Rev. Peter Macfarturns from congregations; and the clerk lane, moderator pro tem. It was intimated, was instructed to issue a circular to min- that since last meeting of presbytery, Mr isters, requesting their attention to this mat- Andrew Scott, student in divinity of the ter, as also to the Synodical order requir- fifth year, had been removed by death. ing them to send in to presbytery copies of During the whole course of his studies for the regulations for managing their congre- the ministry, he has been under the
super: gational finance. The mission committee intendence of this presbytery. It was agreed of presbytery reported concerning two to record in the minutes an expression of documents remitted to them for considera- deep sympathy for his bereaved parents tion,-!st, A letter from the secretary of under the loss which they have sustained. the Mission Board, in answer to the pres- A letter was received and read from Mr bytery's inquiry in reference to the pro- John More, preacher, declining the call posed Irish mission; and, 2d, The repre- which he had received from the vacant sentation of the Mission Board, concerning congregation of Longridge, in consequence a falling off in the mission funds of the of having preferred a call from another church. The report expressed, on the part church. The call from Longridge was then of the committee, their regret at the Mis- set aside. The remit of last Synod, in refersion Board's decision not to enter on a ence to the financial regulations of our mission to Ireland. The presbytery re
churches, was considered. After some ceived the report, expressed thanks to the conversation, a small committee was apcommittee for their diligence in the matter; pointed to draw up some points respecting and agreed to meet as a committee of the which information was desirable, and report whole presbytery, at one o'clock on the day at next meeting. The other business was of next ordinary meeting, to hold a conver- not of public interest. The next meeting sation on the state of the mission funds, the of presbytery was appointed to be held on claims of Ireland, and the Synod's missions Tuesday, 15th March.
Lancashire. — This presbytery met' at on the table, in which the session expressed Birkenhead, 11th January- Rev. W. Gra- their gratitude to the presbytery for the ham, moderator. A report was read of readiness and kindness with which they Mr Ing!is' proceedings, moderating in a had supplied Mr Williamson's pulpit durcall at Ramsay, Isle of Man; from which ing his illness; and intimating that as Mr it appeared, that Mr Stephen Wallace was Williamson was not yet entirely recovered, unanimously chosen to take the oversight they, in conjunction with some friends, of that flock. The presbytery approved had made arrangements for continuing the Mr Inglis' conduct, and sustained the call. supply of preachers till the month of June. There was read also statement of receipts The reading of this paper afforded great and disbursements of this congregation satisfaction to the presbytery, and the during six months ending last September. members expressed the delight which they The presbytery were pleased to discover felt in witnessing the becoming promptness that the pecuniary condition of the con- and kindness with which the session, and gregation is improved. Messrs Short- the friends referred to, had come forward house and Stobbs appeared, and deli- to confer on their minister, in the present vered part of the exercises prescribed infirm state of his health, the privilege of by the Synod, which the presbytery unani- exemption for so considerable a period mously approved. Messrs Pendleburg and from his pulpit labours. Mr Zerub. Baillie Burrell being present from Bolton, in delivered a popular sermon, which was support of the petition laid on the table at approved of, and also gave an account of last meeting, and being fully heard, the the lectures during the last session of the presbytery proceeded to the consideration Hall. Delayed consideration of the more of the question, Grant its prayer or not. liberal support of the Gospel ministry. Mr After long reasoning, it was moved and Robertson was appointed moderator for seconded, “ That having heard parties the ensuing year. Next meeting is to be anew, and considering the whole circum- held at Melrose, on Tuesday the 22d of stances of the case,--the presbytery adhere February. to their former resolution, and refuse to Newcastle.- This presbytery met on 4th grant the prayer of the petition. It was January - Rev. Thomas M'Creath was also moved and seconded, as that, consider- chosen moderator till the end of June. The ing the extent to which circumstances are case of Jarrow was recommended to the altered since the petitioners first appeared favourable notice of the Synod's Home Misat this court,—the amount of good which sion Board. A petition was presented from they appear to be doing, even in their pre- certain persons, stating themselves as havsent isolated position, and the spiritual des- ing recently been connected with the contitution of thousands in the town of Bolton, gregation of Clavering Place, now wishing -the presbytery agree to recognise them to be organised as a distinct congregation, as a missionary station, and endeavour to and to obtain a supply of preachers; after have a preacher located there for six or some conversation, without entering on the twelve months.” The motion and amend. merits of the case, it was agreed that notice ment being put to the vote, the latter was of this application should be given to the carried. But as a member of presbytery sessions of the United Presbyterian churches dissented, and tabled reasons, and as several in Newcastle ; and that, in the meantime, members were absent from the meeting or a committee be appointed to meet with the had left, it was judged prudent not to take session of Clavering Place, and also with action on the vote for the present. Next the petitioners, for the purpose of ascertainmeeting is to be held in Liverpool, on ing whether any plan can be devised by second Tuesday in March.
which the petitioners may be reconciled to, Melrose.—This presbytery met at Mel- and incorporated with, the congregation of rose on the 21st of December. Read a Clavering Place, or with any of the congreletter from the clerk of the presbytery gations of the United Presbyterian Church of Arbroath, transferring Mr James E. in Newcastle. The committee for a conFyfe, student of divinity of the first stitution to regulate the management of the year, to the care of this presbytery. financial affairs of congregations, reported A homily was prescribed to him, to be de- progress, upon which it was agreed to relivered at next meeting. The missionary commend to every congregation to have a committee read and laid on the table a written constitution for this purpose, with duplicate of their answers to the queries the assurance of the presbytery's readiness of the Board of Missions transmitted to to assist congregations in framing such them. It was agreed to take up the Sy- constitution ; the attention of sessions to nod's remit respecting the regulations in be directed to this subject. Next ordinary the management of congregational finances, meeting of presbytery to be held on Tuesat next meeting. An extract from minutes day, 1st February. of the session of Melrose was read, and laid Paisley and Greenock.—This presbytery