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pardon him in a way most harmonious with as he kneels, that it is a privilege, not a right. all his perfections. Has the sinner, then, We should never presume to speak to God received such a reply? He undoubtedly has. except wben we have Christ clearly in view. Behold him hiding? He fears the Divine As there was a daily sacrifice under tbe law, approach ; the tread of Jehovah's foot in the so ought there to be under the Gospel ; not garden makes him tremble exceedingly. He that Christ is to be every day sacrificed hears the voice of God, and prepares for the anew, but that in every devout approach to execution of the sentence, the soul that God, faith should first of all offer his sacrifice sinneth, it shall die.' When, hark ! what to the Holy One ; and this is done by the sound is this which falls upon his ear?-its inward persuasion, that Christ died for us, accent is kindly, its note is love ; and, lo, and by the actual appeal for mercy being what stream of light is this which enters his made on this account. It is this idea, when retreat? It is the ray of God's smile, the sincerely entertained, that gives efficacy to dawn of God's mercy. Now is the birth-time the clause with which most prayers conclude, of hope ; she speaks but in a whisper, still for Christ's sake.' Does the Christian fall the very movement of her lips tells that God into sin ? He remembers the Lord's righteis coming, more in pity than in anger-that ousness; and while repenting of his conduct, He, and pardon, and reconciliation are all on he loses not his hope. He assures himself the ground together, and that soon the guilty that, as his justification did not depend on and terror-stricken shall be re-assured and at his personal condition, so neither can his peace. The silence is at length broken, and sanctification be arrested, nor his safety enthese glorious words are irrevocably placed dangered, by his numerous infirmities. As in the everlasting covenant,-“I am the Lord he urged Christ upon the law when he sought thy God.' I am, indeed, Jehovah, whose its forgiveness, so he urges him still; and the kindness has been abused, and whose law plea that won the case at first, secures his has been violated ; but, notwithstanding, 'I best interests to the last. Does the Christian am the Lord thy God;'I am still thy friend ; fall into heavy trials? He remembers the yea, I am thy Saviour from sin and all its righteousness of Christ, and consoles himself woes.; I, even I alone, am thy hiding- that none of these can be the expression of a place.'”-pp. 40, 41.
vindictive purpose, seeing that God cannot The subjects of the remaining chapters Christ, and that therefore all of these must
be angry with him, now that he is ‘hid in are as follow:
Chapters iii. and iv., be the salutary discipline of an affectionate “ Jehovah-Jireh: The Lord will provide ;" V., vi., and vii., " Jehovah. Tsidkenu : The
Father, who loves whom He chastens, and
scourges every son and daughter whom He reLord our Righteousness; viii. and ix., ceives?' Does the Christian sustain the loss of “ Jehovah-Raphi : The Lord our Healer;" all things ? He remembers the righteousness x, and xi., “ Jehovah Shalom: The Lord of Christ, and is contented. All earthly our Peace ; xii. and xii., “ Jehovah- treasures may have fled, but this pearl of Nissi : The Lord our Banner ; xiv., great price' remains ; these would have gone xv., and xvi., “ Jehovah-Shammah.: Thé at any rate, and have only left him a little Lord is there."
sooner than he expected; but this is his Our space does not admit of our giving self to be secure of all needed supplies, even
dearest property, and with it he knows himan analysis of the several chapters. The
to the hour of death ; hence the losses and mode of treatment in illustration of the “ Jehovah-Tsidkenu : The Lord our
crosses of this life only work in him patience; title,
and patience, experience ; and experience, Righteousness,” may serve as a specimen of hope ; and hope maketh not ashamed.' Does the whole. The subject is treated of under the Christian die? He remembers the rightethese three separate heads, a chapter being ousness of Christ, and is assured that all is devoted to each:-" The Mediatorial, the well. Even he would now be the victim of Divine, and the Human action upon this remorse if he judged himself by his own godly righteousness.” Under the last of the three, life, or by any capacity of his own, adequately “ the human action,” we are told, “may
to make ready for the impending and awful or other of the following from the memory of his privileges, his frames,
future. His hopes could gather no strength forms :- a grateful appreciation of the
his sacrifices, his experiences. If he looked merits of Christ's righteousness; a sincere back to his closet, he would be met by the depreciation of our own righteousness; a ghosts of ten thousand callous prayers ; if he perpetual reference to Christ's righteous- revisited the sanctuary, he would be rebuked ness as the procuring cause of every bless- by the consciousness of innumerable impering; the prompt and pious use of Christ's fect services and unhallowed Sabbaths; if he righteousness on special occasions
the reviewed his walk and conversation in the cheerful proclamation of Christ's righteous- world, he would be silenced by the recollecness before all the world.” Under the tion of many forgotten conformities to its fourth of these particulars,-“ the prompt alms, and analysed his zeal, he would hide
spirit and its fashions ; if he recounted his and pious use of Christ's righteousness on special occasions,” we have the following self-righteous motives; and if he finally re
his head before the spectres of his vain and striking passage :
sorted to his days and nights of bitter repent“ Does the believer pray? He remembers ance, to bis sweetest seasons of holy com
munion, and to any, or to all, of the gracious PASTORAL THEOLOGY : The Theory of a manifestations which were made to bis soul, Gospel Ministry. By A. Vinet, Prowith every one of these would be associated
fessor of Theology at Lausanne.the memory of wandering thoughts, fickle Translated from the French. resolutions, and unfulfilled vows, and thus they would all fail to afford him consolation.
Edinburgh : T. and T. Clark. No, no. His dying look is the very same It is always beneficial to contemplate a with his living look-unto Jesus ; his dying great question as viewed by different minds; grasp is the same with his living one-the
and the advantage is all the
greater, when cross; his dying trust is the same with his
the minds belong to a different age or living one-the finished work of Christ ; and his dying cry is the same with his living country. We have seldom been more imtestimony in the Lord alone I have righte pressed with this truth, than when engaged ousness. Thus, living or dying, Christ and
in the perusal of the work before us. It is Him crucified, is all his confidence and all his
the production of a French Protestant miboast ; hence he dies both happily and safely, nister, who was not only a person of devoted saying, — I know whom I have believed, and piety, but one of the profoundest and most that He is able to keep that which I have philosophical thinkers of the age. The leccommitted to Him against that day. Is the tures were delivered to the students of the Christian to rise again from the dead? Then, Theological Seminary at Lausanne, and also, he will remember the righteousness of they labour under the disadvantages of a Christ ; and while others are calling upon the posthumous publication. They were not rocks and the mountains to fall on them, and hide them from the face of Him that sitteth on
prepared for the press ; besides, there were the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb ;
more than one original manuscript, and the for the great day of his wrath is come, and
additions made, with some notes of the who shall be able to stand ?' he will calmly lectures from the note-books of the students, approach the dread tribunal, and placing be
have been placed in brackets. fore the Judge his own righteousness, will Our space does not admit of an analysis claim from Him the promised crown of life. of this work with a running comment of That claim will be honoured—that saint will our own, though it well deserves this probe acquitted - that crown will be given. minence. Perhaps, the best thing we can 0, wondrous righteousness, that thus in one
do, after a general statement of its contents, moment celebrates the deliverance of the saint from the last consequences of sin, and
is to give an extract or two, as a specimen his august coronation as one of God's kings
of the mode in which the learned Professor and priests! Is the Christian to live for ever?
discusses his great theme. After an introHe will never forget the righteousness of duction, in which there is a definition of Christ ; that it is to it he owes his exaltation,
the subject, What is the minister of the and that still, and ever onward through end- Gospel the work is divided into four less ages, his obligations shall be the same. parts. In the first part, the individual Hence the burden of the songs of eternity and interior life of the minister is treated can never be changed, but must ever be, of. The second part is occupied with his * Thou art worthy to take the book, and to relative or social life. This has two chapopen the seals thereof: for Thou wast slain,
ters—Social life in general; and domestic and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood
life of the minister. The third part emout of every kindred, and tongue, and
people, braces the pastoral life. It is subdivided and nation : and hast made us unto our God kings and priests, and we shall reign on the
into three sections. Worship-teachingearth.'”-pp. 127-130.
care of souls applied to individuals. The
fourth refers to the administrative or official The volume concludes with a few
life. There is an appendix of valuable of “ Improvement;” urging in a strain of notes, selected from various sources. deep solemnity and earnestness, recourse
Let us take the picture which he draws to the “ Hiding-Place.” From this and
of the excellence of the Christian ministry, many other parts of the book we would apart altogether from that higher point of fain give extracts, but our limits forbid. view, wbich is presented by Christian faith, We recommend our readers to procure the
and which has chief regard to the salvation volume for themselves. Its richness in
of souls. scriptural matter, its variety of topic and “ At first sight, and looking from only a illustration, its unflagging 'liveliness and terrestrial point of view, the art par excellence force of style, its continual turns of ingeni- is that of ruling minds (ars est artium regiously practical application, its evangelical sides the preacher may succeed in this, yet unction, and its thrilling tone of earnestness, stamp it with no common value ; and
certainly, when he succeeds, he does so in a We beartily desire for it, as we have no
more definite and profound way, because of
the nature of the motives which he employs. doubt it will receive, a wide and growing He excites and fortifies in man all those
thoughts which ought to determine and regulate his entire life.
“Regarding the subject from a still higher crated family, belongs to the ministry, and point of view, we know that the great prero- shares in its privations. As Jesus came into gative, or one great mission of the preacher, the world not to be ministered unto, but to is to keep before the view of men, who are minister, so with the minister, and this is his always in danger of being absorbed in the glory. To serve God is to rule with Him.' things of earth, a faith in things invisible, in He seeks the glory of God directly, yet does the spiritual world, and to be, among men, he seek it as the servant of man, for to serve the man of the soul and of eternity.
men from love to God, is to serve God. The “ To those whose chief attention is devoted minister is a man of benevolence and comto social interests, the minister is the first in- passion. And no one is deceived in him: strument of civilisation, inasmuch as he is the every one, even the natural man, asks charity primary agent in forming general morals. As of the minister ; every one reproaches him if he strengthens and propagates, so far as he he displays hardness, avarice, coldness, uncan, those maxims which teach men how to kindness. All this is peculiar to Christianity. live truly, as he is the magistrate for con- In nations which are not Christian, even sciences, the counsellor of benevolence and among the Jews, the priest has not this char. peace, he represents the highest element acter, and sometimes he is regarded as a in social existence. As he is the religious formidable and malignant being. But now trainer of the people, he cannot remain indif- the greatest unbeliever yet believes Chrisferent to intellectual culture; he is its pro- tianity to be a religion of kindness.] A minister moter; he is everywhere the head of the is a man to whom God has said, 'Comfort popular school, as well as the leader of the ye, comfort ye, my people.' He is, among church: and here again, in this relation, the men, the representative of a thought of mercy, minister of the Gospel is the minister of and he represents it by making it incarnate in civilisation.—The prophet and priest of the his own life. To succour is the minister's middle ages, and the missionary among life.”—Pp. 43-46. savage tribes of this age, have been ostensibly and openly chiefs of the society. Every society After an affecting examination of the difhas been more or less theocratic in its com- ficulties of the Christian ministry, the truth mencement. The birth-time of society is the of which will be readiest acknowledged by time when men have less perception of second him who has been longest engaged in causes, and where, in every case, they ascend his Master's service, and who has felt the to the first cause. Afterwards they do not care to ascend so high. So it is in the gover- might be saved through his agency, a brief
most eager desire that immortal spirits nance of society. Religion now governs epitome is presented of its advantages, and directs civil order only indirectly, and according to the measure of its influence;
which we present as a companion picture and the minister is placed in a corresponding
to the one given before. position. Society does not recognise its real “ Religion, which is the most excellent and chief. But it must be that the most grave comprehensive thing in man, is, for the and solemn moments in individual and public minister, the business and duty of every day, life will belong to religion, and consequently and every hour; that which is only one to him,—that a number of weighty interests among many elements in the life of other men will constantly be entrusted to him,-that is the atmosphere in which he breathes. the lowest deeps of the human spirit will be “ He lives surrounded by the loftiest and opened up to him by a religious power which is grandest ideas, and his employments are of the strongest of all powers. Always does his the most absolute and lasting utility. hour return, [and, with him, religion pene- “ He is not called upon to do anything but trates into the midst of those interests which what is really good,-he has neither obligaare abandoned to him. Wherever religious tion nor inducement to the performance of institutions are feeble, where the church has evil. almost lost its reality, the pastor alone re- “ He occupies no rank in the social hiermains,—to him all eyes are directed. It is archy, belongs to no class, but he is a conwith the pastor as with the Sabbath. Happy necting link between all, and, in his own peris he for whom every day is a Sabbath, son, represents better than any one else the and happy will be those times in which the ideal unity of society. [The minister, it is individual importance of the minister shall true, is not so advantageously situated, in this decrease, because all Christians will be respect, as the unmarried priest. But he may, ministers.]
if he will, assert this as his prerogative.] “ His every-day life, instead of being trivial, “ His life, unless under circumstances of as the life of men in general is, is solemn. His striking misfortune, is best adapted to exhibit duties belong to the very foundations and the realised ideal of a happy existence. roots of human life. By his ministry he is [There is a stately regularity, a sort of calm brought into contact with whatever is serious uniformity, which is perhaps the true latitude and important in life. Those great pauses or for terrestrial happiness.] The predilection resting places—those significant moments of poets and romance writers for the country belong to him-birth, marriage, and death. pastor is not altogether unfounded in fact
“ His life is a life of devotedness, or it has and reason. no meaning whatever. [His career is a per- • All this is true only on the supposition that petual sacrifice into which he introduces all the pastor is faithful, and filled with the spirit that belongs to him. His family, as a conse- of his position; and if he is, all that is evil is
counterbalanced, corrected, transformed, and sponding influence upon the people, (1) it is sufficient for him, without weighing too from the nature of the questions proposed minutely the advantages and disadvantages of to the penitent, which communicates the his state, to make one reflection: Jesus knowledge of sins, and familiarises the mind Christ has appointed for bis ministers painful with the thought of the most loathsome tests both internal and external, in order that they may be able to sympathise with their guilt ; and (2) from the inducement held flock, and to know, through the experience of absolution in the confessional. In the dis
out to all manner of sin by the promise of their own hearts, the seductions of sin, the infirmities of the flesh, and the manner in
cussion of this point in their system, Papists which the Lord of all sustains and supports have a manifest advantage over us, from those who put their trust in Him.' So that, the abominable and unmentionable details to a certain degree, those words which are which would be necessary to do the arguspoken concerning Jesus Christ may be trans- ment against them anything like jasticeferred to him : . We have not an high priest
an advantage exactly similar to that which which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities, but was in all points tempted in contending for standing-room in a crowd
a sweep has over a well-dressed neighbour like as we are.' Heb. iv. 15. “ Lastly, the Word of God, either directly almost exclusively for the learned, could
Even Kitto's Journal, which is intended or indirectly, pronounces a peculiar blessing on his works and his condition. It declares
not for very shame print, even in Latin, (observe the gradation), that “They that be the indecencies and monstrosities in which wise shall shine as the brightness of the firma. Romish priests at Maynooth and elsewhere
and they that turn many to righteous- are initiated, to qualify them for carrying ness, as the stars for ever and ever.' Dan. xii. through that branch of the business of the 3. And Jesus Christ, when He promises to confessional which relates to the seventh his immediate disciples that, at the restora- commandment.—Another paper, bearing tion of all things, they shall sit upon twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel, question, "Who are the spirits in prison ?”
on the Popish controversy, discusses the presents to our view a proportionate glory 1 Peter iii. 18-22). By the prison, the xix. 28. Such an honour and blessing belong writer understands the prison of hell ; by to the ministry, that even those who aid it by the spirits within it, those of antediluvian their co-operation are the object of special impenitents; and by the preaching to these promises : He that receiveth a prophet in spirits, that of the patriarch Noah. He the name of a prophet shall receive a pro- shows considerable ingenuity in picking up, phet's reward. Matt. x. 41."-Pp. 61, 62. by means of this exposition, a thread of con
It is no disparagement to the numerous sistent argument running through the whole treatises in the English language, on the
of the long sentence in which the difficulty pastoral care and office, to state that there
.-Under the head of Correspondence, is room, abundant room, for the present. the editor gives two communications on apaIt is full of the seeds of thought. It is at per entitled “ Hades and Heaven,” which it once practical and profound; and we envy gave us some pain to read in a previous not the feelings of any minister, preacher, Number. One of the writers puts, briefly or student, who could rise from the perusal and ably, the common evangelical view on of it without a humbling, yet grateful this subject. This is well ; but we cannot consciousness of the magnitude of the help thinking that it would be much better work into which God has called him. We to avoid the admission of matter calling for trust that the success of the present publi- such correctives.-A deeply interesting biocation will be such as to encourage the graphy of Moses Stuart, and other papers, publishers soon to issue from the press,
combine with those we have mentioned Homiletics: or, the Theory of Preaching,"
to make this a valuable Number of the by the same author.
TAE JOURNAL OF SACRED LITERATURE. THE BIBLE AND THE WORKING CLASSES.
New Series. Edited by John KITTO, By ALEXANDER WALLACE, Edinburgh.
Edinburgh : Oliphant & Sons. In this Number, one of Dr Kitto's corre- We reckon it a hopeful sign for our country spondents plunges with great force into the that this work has already obtained so wide Anti-Popery controversy, exposing the a circulation. The third thousand is an history and mystery of auricular confession. entirely new edition, considerably extended, He exhibits by abundant historical evidence and much improved in external appearance, the fearful influence of the confessional in typography, and that artistic arrangement depraving the monks and secular clergy, which depends on the presiding skill of and thus spreading on all sides a shameless publishers. We observe in the prospectus and boundless licentiousness; and its corre- a proposal to furnish quantities of the book
at a reduced rate to manufacturers and in England lifted up his refulgent and manyother large employers, for distribution at a sided "head. He has stirred the patriotic nominal price among their work-people. flame; he has animated often the glow o’ Much good was done on this plan by a
weel-placed love;' he has once or twice even number of the most extensive employers at
stirred the altar fires to a brighter and holier
blaze. Need we name the ‘Cottar's Saturday Bradford, where the substance of the book
Night'? He has even, too, in more than one was first delivered in lectures to the working-classes ; and we know of the example Need we name his ‘Epistle to a Young Friend'?
powerful strain, shown the deformity of vice. having been followed by liberal and Chris- He has excited, besides, in the peasantry a tian-minded manufacturers in Glasgow. thirst for knowledge, an ambition for intelMost earnestly we renew our commenda- lectual distinction, a proud and salutary contion of Mr Wallace's volume, in connection sciousness of themselves and of the dignity of with the method proposed for promoting independent toil. What a contrast between its usefulness among the industrial classes. the spirit of his song, 'A man's a man for a'
that,' and the flunkeyism of many in our day,
who are so glad to get a little vulgar eclat The Scottish Review, No. I. January reflected on public meetings from the presence 1853.
of lords and literary baronets, although the Glasgow : Scottish Temperance League.
life thus given is generally galvanic, the light This is the first Number of a Quarterly
discoloured, and the glory meretricious and
evanescent! Journal-organ of the Scottish Temperance “ But there is another side to the picture. League; and is designed for the discussion Burns has too often fanned the polluted fires of questions connected with social progress of licentiousness and debauchery; he bas and general literature, on the principles of taught many to identify genius with vice; he total abstinence. The writing throughout has created a race of imitators, who have is of a bold, decided, arrestive character; copied his faults, both of writing and of conwith more of science, statistics, and philo
duct ; he has shed a rainbow lustre around sophical argumentation, than was compat
mere animalism; he has taught blasphemers ible with the smaller publications to which
a more pithy profanity, and grafted wit upon
the dull and rotten tree of vulgar obscenity; the periodical advocacy of the abstinence
he has not unfrequently insulted religion cause has been chiefly confined hitherto.
through its forms and its professors; he has “ Bitter Beer, Pale Ale, Indian Pale Ale, treated sacred things with undue levity; he and their Puffers,” are dealt with in the has, in Southey's words, 'supplied furniture first article; and the fashionable beverage to the brothel,' and given a voice and language is shown to be not quite so innocent as to bashful and stuttering seduction ; and, by brewers' advertisements and certain medical the memory of his example, has produced certificates would lead us to suppose. There
immeasurable mischief among the young of is, next, a truly eloquent and masterly both sexes in Scotland. God forbid that we sketch of the poet Burns; embracing a
should say that he has done all this intentionview of his character as a man ; his general he foreseen all the evil effects some of his
ally! We believe, on the contrary, that had powers, and his place as a writer; his poems writings were to produce in that dear auld and prose writings individually; and the
Scotland,' which he loved so warmly, he would influence he has exerted, and is exerting, have burned them, and his pen too. As it on Scotland and the world. While the re
was, a little before his death, he bitterly deviewer's estimate of Burns' genius, manly plored the existence of the unworthy progeny independence, and sympathies with much of his genius, and declined with horror the that is good and great, comes up to the proposal of some wretch of a bookseller to wishes of his most ardent admirers, the publish them in full. But litera scripta manet, moral tone of the review is sound and
-alas ! vita, too, scripta, manet; and ages may Christian; and lessons of wisdom, taught elapse ere the evil of the influence of the by the poet's melancholy career, are set
writings and the life of Robert Burns can be forth in a style of impressiveness which we
calculated fully, or has for ever passed away." have never seen surpassed in the treatment The other articles in this number are of this sad theme. The following para- entitled, Emigration, The Forests of India, graphs will afford some idea of the rare The Malt Tax, Pauperism— The Present impartiality with which the shining merits State of the Question in Great Britain, and flagrant sins of the poet are balanced The Story of the Covenanters (a review of against each other:
Mr Gilfillan's admirable volume, recently His influence has been in part beneficial, published), and Social Progress. There and in a larger part pernicious. Burns has
are also several brief literary notices, and added an imperishable nimbus of glory to his
a couple of pages of statistics bearing on country; and Scotland, notwithstanding all
the moral, social, and commercial state of his errors, is proud of having produced such
the country. The “ Scottish Review” has a son, and produced him, too, from the yeomen made an admirable start; and if the first class,—the same class amid which Shakspeare Number be followed up, as the names of