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London : Snow.
and in this aim it is eminently successful. the poem of “ The Highlands.” Mr Small The Life of Christ is divided into fifty-two looks upon the varied face of nature with lessons—one for each Sabbath in the year. an eye, not, indeed, “in fine frenzy rollThe plainer topics in each passage are ing,” but beaming with Christian intellisimply indicated; the more difficult, ex. gence and true poetic feeling; and in the plained, either by a brief sentence, or by a expression of these, he builds the lofty reference to some Scripture in which the rhyme—the difficult Spenserian stanzanecessary information is contained. By with remarkable ease and grace. “The the use of this work, parents will be able to Scottish Martyrs" gives a glowing sketch throw great interest into their Sabbath of the progress of the Reformation from evening readings with their children. the martyrdom of Patrick Hamilton to the
close of the Covenanting era. Some of the WELLINGTON, AS WARRIOR, SENATOR, AND minor pieces, particularly those descriptive Man. By T. BINNEY.
of the sufferings of Christian confessors—as London: Hamilton & Adams.
“The Martyrs of the Isles,” “ Lines written WELLINGTON and WAR. By Newman Hall,
in Galloway,” “The Battle of Drumclog,” B.A.
“ The Martyrdom of the Marquis of Argyll” -possess high merit, both of conception
and diction. WELLINGTON and VICTORY : or, Christians In Mr Small’s martyrology of Scotland
More than Conquerors. By the Rev. A. a wide gap occurs_extending from the Morton Brown, LL.D., Cheltenham. sufferers of “The Pentlands” to the heroes London : Snow.
of the Disruption. In his readings of ScotDIVERSITIES OF GLORY : or, the Study, tish Church history, he seems to have disthe Senate—the Camp- the Church. By covered during that long interval no conGEORGE PALMER DAVIES, B.A., oftendings for Christ's prerogative as sole Wandsworth.
head of the Church, till the occurrence of London : Ward & Co.
the Auchterarder case (as we understand These discourses, delivered on the same
him), and thenoccasion, have one great aim in common,
Again the trumpet-call to arms is heard,
And all the camp from end to end is stirred; to improve the living, by the history, char- Again each warrior girds him for the fight, acter, and death of England's most il- Again a thousand swords are gleaming bright, lustrious general. Mr Binney's is a noble
Again a banner floats upon the air,
Still are these sacred words emblazoned thereburst of Christian eloquence-elevated, ge- CHRIST'S CROWN AND COVENANT. Ho, all ye who nerous, philosophical, and discriminating. prize Mr Hall's-elegant throughout, contains
The rights your fathers died for, wake, arise ! some passages of remarkable force and Our poet must surely have learned ere beauty. Dr Morton Brown—from a text
this that he need not have been so alarmed. which has to be slightly misapplied to serve
There were no threats of re-enacting the bis purpose—makes admirable use of the scenes of the Grassmarket and the Bass; Duke's achievements in commending the
it was only the stipends, glebes, and manses nobler warfare of the Christian bero. Mr that were imperilled; and as soon as the Davies' discourse is briefer than any of the
holders of these were ready to part with other three; but is worthy of a place be- them,--as other good men had done before side them, for its ingenuity, freshness,
for a similar cause,—they were permitted sound Christian sentiment, and tasteful
to maintain Christ's Crown prerogative in style of composition.
all its integrity. We admit that the call to
part with national emoluments was a' test Tae HIGHLANDS; THE SCOTTISH MARTYRS;
of the martyr spirit; but we wonder Mr AND OTHER POEMs. By the Rev. JAMES
Small's muse did not suggest to him that G. SMALL, Bervie. Third Edition.
the test had been borne by the Fathers of
the Secession and Relief Churches, who Edinburgh: Johnstone & Hunter. struggled for Christ's Crown rights, not WITA no common delight we have revisited simply against the encroachments of civil in imagination the scenes of native grandeur power, but against that power backed by a and romantic historical interest depicted in tyrannical General Assembly.
lical Alliance, or the very useful monthly
periodical conducted under its auspices, From information recently published, we collect a few facts respecting the relicliefly through the medium of the Evange- gious
condition of some of the continental
CONTINENT OF EUROPE.
countries, sufficient to awaken sympathy, ously arranged, that on the state of relior to create hope, in all the friends of gious liberty in the country occasioned a very truth. In Russia the most remarkable animated discussion. It was put in these feature in the ecclesiastical matters of terms—" What is the amount of religious late has been the efforts, honourable or liberty guaranteed to Swedish citizens by dishonourable, to bring into conformity the 16th paragraph of the · Form of Gowith the national religion all within the vernment?" An old law did exist which forempire who profess any other creed. bade all meetings in private houses for readThese efforts have attracted notice espe- ing or singing, or preaching the Gospel ; cially in the western provinces, which under the authority of which law-although, being originally German, were protestant as has turned out, now abrogated—the in religious profession. Among these persecution of all meetings for cultivating the proselytism has had a success much vital religion had been perpetrated. To a to be deplored. Because, although it Roman Catholic priest they have been inmust have been a merely nominal protes- debted for bringing to light that more tantism which they could renounce, in order recent article of the Swedish constitution to embrace, for the sake of worldly advan- which secures to all liberty of conscience tage, the grotesque rites of the Russian in religion. In an action brought against Church, yet under any modification of pro- this Romish priest by the consistory of testantism, they were nearer the Bible, and Stockholm regarding proselyting, the adhad more liberty of conscience, than in a vocate employed by the priest, reminded church nothing behind that of Rome in cor- the court, that religious liberty was now ruption and intolerance. From an official the law of the country! The fact was this, report presented to the Emperor by his that the existing constitution or form of home secretary for the year 1849, it ap- government was drawn up in 1809, after pears that in the course of that year there the dethronement of Gustavus IV., when joined the Russian Church 2703 Protes- a spirit of liberty was generally aroused tants, 1473 Romanists, 1787 Jews, 11 Ar
in the country.
And in this constitumenians, besides 1150 heathens, and 828 tion the 16th paragraph runs thus:Mohammedans. In Sweden, where Protes- “The king shall not force any man's contantisrn under a Lutheran form has long science, nor suffer it to be forced ; but shall been degraded by intolerance, a struggle for protect every one in the free exercise of religious freedom has commenced, which his religion, so long as he does not disturb now bids fair to gain speedily its object. the peace of society, nor occasion public The state church there, like other state scandal.” But when Bernadotte, in 1810, churches having the power, has of late became crown prince, his policy being to been showing much zeal in putting down secure the support for his throne of the conventicles and Bible expositions, and hierarchy and nobility, this law, which sereligious meetings conducted by laymen; cured religious liberty, was allowed to lie while very forbearing as to the moral char- dormant, and was forgotten; no one venturacter, and religious sentiment of its own ed to name it, or, during the last thirty clergy, provided they do not greatly of- years, even remembered it. Now it is fend public decency by their conduct. brought under notice, and the public pro
“ Society for Religious Liberty secutor in the action against the priest, adhas at length been organised, and is mitted in his closing appeal, that by that taking cautious, but decisive, measures. article in the constitution, religious liberty Religious liberty will thus soon become was now the law of the land; but stated, a matter of general discussion in the that as this law had not hitherto been praccountry. One great meeting was held tically applied, he was necessitated to crave to promote it in 1850, another in 1851, and that the sanctions of older laws against proa third was announced for 1852, of a char- selyting be carried into effect. This unacter likely to be more influential than looked for discovery has given to the friends either of the preceding, and sufficient to of religious liberty in Sweden a feeling of awaken much" alarm in the state church. exultation. In the meeting at Helsingborg, This important meeting was held on the it appeared like a hand from the clouds ex20th of July last, at Helsingborg, a town tended for their help; and the meeting loudly adjoining the country of Denmark, where proclaimed the validity of this article of the the meeting of the previous year had also constitution. They made their appeal to been held. No disturbance was given to the judges of the land, and claimed their the meeting by the authorities. It was at- decision in favour of that religious liberty, tended by forty clergymen, and as many which it was now evident that Sweden, schoolmasters, besides many of the nobility de jure, possessed. A petition was preof Sweden, ladies of rank, and others of the pared for general signature, praying his middle and agricultural classes. Among majesty the king to grant the same relivarious subjects for consideration previ- gious liberty here, as had been for several
years granted to Norway, namely,-- 1st, capital. And it is now ruled that these Liberty to hold religious meetings in pri- ladies shall have free access to all the vate houses. 2d, That he would formally hospitals; and it is even expected that this repeal the old law which sentences Swedish license will be extended to all the princisubjects to banishment, if they leave the pal towns of France. In the provinces, communion of the Lutheran church. This throughout France, the Roman Catholic new phase which the question has assumed population are very eager to hear the word in the land, has awakened general terror of God. And although, in several quarters, among the conservatives, and especially the municipal authorities have given opamong the senior clergy. They profess to position to the preaching of the Gospel, consider the whole of Christendom in dan- yet this opposition has rather increased ger, according to the usual outcry of state than lessened the interest awakened among priests, when their own monopoly, or their the people. In one commune, until lately ecclesiastical pre-eminence, is threatened. Roman Catholic, the inhabitants, despairing In France, the political changes which have of obtaining an evangelist, resolved to meet been, and are still in progress, are to some regularly and edify each other, and applied extent not encouraging to the friends of the for a book of prayers, and some collection Gospel in that country; but still they al- of sermons, to assist them in carrying out low much ground for hope and perseverance. their design. The free circulation of the The Roman Catholic clergy, no doubt, have Scriptures by colportage has been greatly a large measure of countenance from the hindered by some new regulations issued in public authorities; but it would be an error reference to this itinerant mode of merchanto estimate highly their power over the dise. In Belgium, where, until recently, masses, with whom they no longer possess the Roman Catholic religion had undismuch of either spiritual or moral influence. turbed sway, conversions from it to evanAnd should another revolution occur in gelical religion are constantly occurring. France, which can scarcely be at any great And although, with few exceptions, it is the distance, the Roman Catholic clergy, al- poor and despised of this world, as usual, ready gravely compromised in public who have embraced the light, yet excepopinion, will experience, with fearful retri. tions do occur, and will increase. Some bution, the disastrous effects of the storms priests have renounced the Church of which are at this moment accumulating Rome; and after due probation, have been over the country. Since the 25th of last consecrated to the evangelical ministry. Marcb, the Protestant churches of France In this country, as in France, popery is, on have been placed under a new law as re- the whole, decidedly losing ground. Indeed gards their organisation ; which law has it would be difficult to find there one who been received by these churches generally is a Roman Catholic from conviction ; nowith satisfaction ; although it cannot be minally professors of this religion, it is inviewed favourably by those who wish re- difference as to everything religious, and ligion to be exempted from all state con- actual infidelity, that occupy the minds and nection. A permanent central council.at hearts of the population. But, then, to cast Paris is charged to represent these churches off the name of the prevalent religion would officially, in their communications with be to forfeit their position in society, and government; and by means of it the Pro- incur more or less of stigma and reproach, testants will be able to cause their griev- if not of personal danger. However, the ances, as well as their suggestions and re- condition of Protestants in Belgium differs quests, to be heard ; a privilege which, it in one respect materially from that of their is thought, may in a great many cases afford brethren in France; in that they enjoy, immense advantage. The men who com- without hindrance, all the rights guaranteed pose this council are all taken from the to them by their constitution; and have leading Protestants; and it is presided over only to maintain the conflict of the Bible by one who is entitled to the highest confi- and truth with the Romish clergy,—a body dence of all the friends of evangelical truth. more powerful, it is true, than the clergy In Paris, a city mission has been established of France would be, if left to stand by in the course of the year, under an associa-. themselves ; but wielding, on the whole, a tion of young men, several of whom are far less formidable influence, because they distinguished by eminent piety, and have occupy a less ambiguous position than do devoted themselves zealously to the work. the clergy of France, who are backed by A number of evangelists and colporteurs their government. In Switzerland, no inhave also been recently set to work in the stance of persecution on account of religion capital ;
and a Sunday school association has occurred during the past twelvemonths. has been formed. A sisterhood of Pro- The brethren of the Free Churches of the testant ladies of charity has also been es- Canton of Vaud, have had no fresh diftablished, on whom will devolve the charge ficulties cast in their way. These young of visiting the sick in the hospitals of the churches appear to have acquired stability, and are likely to increase in strength. The France thirty, of whom twelve are in the Evangelical Society of Geneva continues National Church ; in Belgium there are its labours in Switzerland, France, and nine; and in Italy there are seven. . These Italy. It employs twenty-six labourers, are hopeful results; and an extensive including ministers, evangelists, and school- amount of good may be expected to flow masters. Its Theological College had last from this valuable institution.
The nuyear thirty students. Of the students who merous annual religious meetings were, have been educated in this seminary, there this past year, all held in their customary are in Switzerland eighteen wbo are pas- localities; and in Geneva and elsewhere, tors, nine of them in the National Church, were extremely well attended, and most and nine of them in the Free Church ; in edifying.
Intelligence.—United Presbyterian Church.
ised form. It was agreed to take up at
next meeting the remits from the Synod 10 Annandale.—This presbytery met at presbyteries. Next meeting to be held at Lockerbie on the 30th November last-the Stewartfield on the Tuesday after the third Rev. John Riddell, moderator. Mr W. C. Sabbath of February. Young, student, who has completed his Cupar.—This presbytery met in Burnside theological curriculum, was, after the usual Church session-house on 23 November examination, received on trials for license, Mr Gray, moderator. Reports were given and delivered an exegesis and thesis, which in from several of the sessions on the reguwere sustained with approbation. The next lations according to which the financial meeting of presbytery is to be held at Eccle- affairs of their congregations are managed, fechan, on the last Tuesday of January and those sessions which had not reported curt.
were instructed to do so by next meeting. Buchan. At the meeting of this presby- The clerk read a communication from the tery, on 23d November, a call, addressed to treasurer regarding the annual collection Mr Robert S. Drummond from the congre- for the Synod's general fund; and the con. gation, Peterhead, was unanimously sus- gregations which had not yet collected tained, and trial discourses appointed to were ordered to do so without delay. Read him. At the request of the session, Mr a petition from Kettle congregation, pray. Hunter was appointed to preside at the ing the presbytery to appoint one of their dispensation of the Lord's Supper there on number to preside in a moderation for a the second Sabbath of December. Messrs call. Read reasons of protest and appeal Lind, Allison, and Balfour, with their pres. against the deed of the congregation in this bytery elders, were appointed as the com- matter; and, after hearing parties, the mittee of the presbytery on missionary presbytery agreed to delay granting a moaffairs—Mr Lind, convener. It was re- deration, on the ground of want of bar. ported that all the congregations, with one mony; and counselled all parties to mutual exception, had made collections for the love and forbearance. After disposing of Synod's annual fund. A duplicate state- a case from St Andrews' session, the presment of income and expenditure of the bytery adjourned to meet in the same congregation of New Deer was presented place on the Tuesday after the third Saband read, in compliance with the injunc- bath of January 1853. tion of Synod, to those congregations Dundee.—This presbytery met on 7th whose ministers' stipends are supplemented December—the Rev. George Gilfillan, moby the funds of the church. The treasurer derator. Granted a transference to Mr was instructed to collect and transmit to D. M'Owan, student of the fourth year, to Aberchirder congregation the proportion the Perth, and Mr George Barclay, of the due by the presbytery of the sum voted in fourth year, to the Berwick presbyteries. aid of that congregation for three years. Assigned subjects of discourse to Mr David Messrs Allison and M‘Arthur read each an Mair, student of the third year; Mr William exegesis, which in both cases was unani. Lauder, of the second year; and Messrs mously sustained ; and they were enjoined Alexander Doctor and James Forester, of to attend next meeting, for examination the first year. Read a letter from the on the languages, according to the author- Synod's treasurer, stating the congregations in the presbytery that had not made letter from the Synod's treasurer was read, the Synod's fund collection in October last. containing a list of the congregations which Found that some in the list had since made had not collected for the Synod's fund. It it. Instructed the rest to do so. Read the was found that some of these congregations remits of Synod regarding ministerial sup- had collected since this letter was received, port and congregational statistics ; but and those that bad not done so, promised delayed their consideration. The next that the collection would be made immemeeting of presbytery on Tuesday, 8th diately. The next meeting of presbytery February.
was appointed to be held on Tuesday the Edinburgh. This presbytery met on 18th of January Tuesday, 7th December-Rev. Mr Cooper, Newcastle. --At a meeting of this presby. moderator. Discourses were heard from tery, held on 7th Nov., Mr Rome's trials various students under trials for license. being given in and approved, his ordination The mission committee reported that re- was appointed to take place at Hull on the turns to their queries respecting the amount 9th of February next. The committee for
money sent in by the several congrega. Yarrow reported favourably as to the prostions of the presbytery to the Mission pects of a preaching station there, upon Board had been as yet only partially re. which it was agreed to remit the case to ceived. After some conversation, the com- the presbytery's mission committee, that it mittee was re-appointed, with instructions be brought under the consideration of the to bring up a full report at next meeting. Synod's Home Mission Board ; and that, in
Falkirk.—This presbytery met on the 7th the meantime, a supply of preaching be December—the Rev. Mr Gardiner, Kincar- provided for the people in that place. Mr dine, moderator. A certificate was re- Walter Chisholm, student of divinity of the ceived from the presbytery of Dunfermline, third year, being transferred to this prestransferring Mr Andrew Wilson, student of bytery, Messrs Douglas and Stewart were the third year. Exercises and examinations appointed a committee to examine him. were appointed to him. Mr Thomas Bax- The mission committee were instructed to ter, student, gave all his trials for license, take measures for a deputation to visit the to the satisfaction of the presbytery, and presbytery in March. Next meeting to be was admitted a preacher in connection with held here on 4th January, the United Presbyterian Church. Mr Alex. Paisley and Greenock. This presbytery Grosart, student of the second year, after met at Paisley, 7th December-Rev. James presenting some exercises, received certifi- Meikle, moderator, pro tem. From the cate of transference to the presbytery of presbytery of Edinburgh, a transference Edinburgh. The next meeting of presby- was received of Mr Robert Brown, student tery was appointed for the first Tuesday of of the fourth year ; and from the presbyFebruary 1853.
tery of Glasgow, of Mr Robert Knox, Glasgow.—This presbytery met on 14th student of the fifth year. Mr Knox was December, and was occupied the whole taken on trials for license. The motion of sederunt with hearing discourses from stu- Dr Baird, as to the better support of the dents under trials for license.
The pres- gospel ministry, was delayed till next bytery adjourned, and having met next day, meeting, which is to take place at Greenock concluded the trials of candidates for on the third Tuesday of January. After license, and the following students received considering the remit of Synod as to preslicenses as probationers: Messrs. W. byteries calling for, and reviewing, the Fleming, W. M. M‘Donald, G. M'Queen, regulations according to which the financial J. C. Meiklejohn, Walter Morrison, J. G. concerns of congregations under their Potter, W. Thomson, W. Walker.
charge are managed, the clerk was iuLanark.—This presbytery met on the 7th
structed to communicate with the congreof December—the Rev. Robert Cordiner, gations in the bounds on the subject. moderator. The Rev. James Dunlop re- Stirling:- This presbytery met on the 7th ported that he had preached and presided of December. A call from the West Conin the moderation of a call at Longridge, gregation of Alloa, to Mr John More, on the 23d of November, and that the call preacher, was sustained and concurred in. and been given by a considerable majority Appointed Mr Brown to preach to said to Mr John More, preacher. The conduct congregation, on account of Mr Fraser's of Mr Dunlop was approved of, and the call continued indisposition, on the fourth Sabsustained. Mr James Frame, student in bath of December, and Mr Gilfillan on the divinity, after delivering the remainder of fifth Sabbath of January. Mr John Machis trial exercises to the satisfaction of the laren passed part of his trials for license. presbytery, was licensed to preach the A letter from the Synod treasurer, with a Gospel. Members present reported the list of congregations who had failed to means used in their respective congrega
transmit collections for Synod's general tions to promote the cause of missions. A fund by the 15th of November, was read.