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and for a yearly account of the net produce of the civil list reve. nue, no regard was paid to this information, nor to this address; none of these accounts were ever permitted to be laid before the house, and upon the very next day they voted no less a fum than 500,oool. for this service.--This is the truth, and the whole truth, of that generous exploit of the daughter of king James II. It was a mean trick, by which the nation was cheated of 400,000l. – This queen had as many private vices, and as few public virtues, as any prince who has filled the British throne since the House of Tudor.'
There is in the history of this period, also, a pretty long account of the negotiation respecting Falkland İNands, which greatly reflects on the spirit and activity of the ministers at that time. The following design is said to be communicated from the duke de Choiseul, in a conversation with general Burgoyne, after the duke's exile. It may be useful, however, to transcribe the whole account.
• On the twenty second (of December 1770), the counter-negotiation of the efficient council, began to emerge out of its dark chamber. The confidential minister of the closet, held a confer. ence with M. Francois, secretary to the embassy of France at the court of London, upon the subjet of terms of accommodation with Spain. This secret negotiation was unknown to the French minister, M. le duc de Choiseul ; who had entered fully into the designs of Spain, and had firmly resolved to support that power in her intended war with Great Britain. At this time, there was a strong party in the French court against Choiseul, confifting of madame Barre, the princes of the blood, the prince de Soubize, and of other great persons; who had for several months paft, anxiously and eagerly wished to procure the dismission of the minister ; but hitherto he had maintained his interest with the king, notwithstanding all their efforts against him. The king was now advanced beyond the climacteric of life, and affectionately attached to the season of peace ; because it afforded him more opportunity to indulge in his favourite pleasures, than the period of war, For this reason M. Choiseul had not acquainted the king with his design of co-operating with Spain ; by which he had fattered himfelf, that he should obliterate the disgraces of the late
The design was discovered, or rather made known to madame Barre ; who immediately prejudiced the king so strongly against the project of his minifter, that he yielded to her impor. tunities; and dismissed him from all his employments. And, at the same time, exiled him, to Chanteloux.--Several English, as well as French gentlemen, and persons of high rank, visited him in his exile. He was the first exiled French minister, who had ever been so honoured. In a free conversation with one of his 5
English visitors, (general Burgoyne) he candidly informed him of one part of his plan against Great Britain, if the war had commenced, which he intended-It was — to have landed an are my in Effex; to have proceeded with the utmost rapidity to London, where they were to have burned the Bank and the Tower, particularly the first; but to have committed no other drepredation whatever, and then to have returned with the same expedi. tion. The troops were to have had no other baggage or incum. brance, than their knapsacks. His principal object was, to annihilate the public credit of Great Britain, which he conceived, the destruction of the Bank in London would perfectly accomplish. It must be owned the scheme is feasible, and, perhaps not impracticable. There are always vessels enough at Calais and Dunkirk for such an expedition, and the vicinity of the garrisoned towns facilitates the assembling of an army, without creating an alarm. The anecdote may serve to put future minifters on their guard ; for, at that time, we had no force in any situation, to impede the operation, had it been attempted.'
On the subject of the American war, our author does not give any very new or interesting intelligence. Lord Chatham's conduct, in this very important subject, is well known; nor shall we transcribe speeches, which were at that time published with sufficient accuracy. The reason, why we have avoided giving specimens of his speeches in the former tranfactions of his life, is that they are in general too extensive to be quoted with advantage within our limits. It is well known that the violence of his indignation overpowered him, in his eagerness to oppose the independence of America. He breathed his last in protesting against this measure. It was his design, says our author, a design, which we have reason to believe from other sources, to have proposed the duke of Brunfwic as general of the British forces, and to have opposed the French according to his former plan, in Germany. It has been believed by others, that he intended to advise the duke's being sent to America. Another part of the plan was, when he had thus prevented the French from aflifting the Ameri-cans, to have proposed a cordial and honourable union between this country and America.
Our author adds a short character of lord Chatham, and in the Appendix has collected various characters and eulogies of this great minister, and the neceffary public documents to illustrate his history, with some private and curious papers. The length of our article alone prevents us from enlarging on some of these; and, if we have extended it farther than an anonymous work may seem to demand, the fingular curiofity and importance of the subject must be our excule.
The Iliad and Odyssey of Homer, transated in:0 English blunk
Verse, by William Cowper, Esq. (Concluded from p. 374.) WE
E concluded our last with expresing our disapprobation at
Mr. Cowper's system of rendering some lines inharmenious to set off the others to greater advantage. His fedulity in avoiding melody appears in no respect more conspicuous (for to what other cause can we attribute it), than in his very frequent omillion of the article or preposition.
and as he * spake is done.'
- if thou would wish me give Eumelus of my own.' Il. xxiii. 692. The effect which these omillions have on the ear is extremely unpleasant; and they often make a sentiment appear ridiculous, that in the original was of a very different nature. A warrior attacks another · (pear in hand ;' the found her son all tears ;' « firm as rock he stood;' Corax at side of Arethusa's fount;' • thou perchance art always fool. Should we now strike true.'
delay suits not : Last rites cannot too soon be paid.' This abrupt kind of style seems modelled after that of Briggs in the novel of Cecilia. Again;
- neither will we here admit Poor man beside to stay at our repafts."
• Why speakest thus to me?'
• Awake Tydides! wherefore giv'st the night Entire to balmy Dumber? hait not heard.'
Who art and whence who dar'ft encounter me?'
Tydides, canft not fee?" This is the language of parson Trulliber; who would likewise have described a fall much in the following terms.
• And down fell Dolops headlong to the ground.' The inelegancy of such phrases will surprise the reader, and their number is far from inconsiderable. We have, clutch'd t the bloody dust;' blood fpatter'd all his axle ;' his head reek'd;' "pelting with blows ;' audacious fluent prate;' my foul is stunn'd within me;' ' for he had other none;' i. c. no other spear; we will none of Paris' treasures now;' prating his fill;' guests /hoved afide ;' Venus coax'd some Græcian
• τα δε νυν παντα τελειται. + Clutch'd is indeed enhriucd in the temple of Shakspeare. Come let me duich thee!' 6
fair ;' fleek their heads, and smug their countenances ; ' ' I need not thee, nor heed thy wrath a jot;' 'panic-junn'd; let each whet well his spear;' twitch'd her fragrant robe;' he hurl'd his spear right forth;' the keen lance drove into his poll;'
loud groans the briny pool,' i. e. the sea ; ' Tantalus stands in a pool (iv asyern), why not lake or food? 'a bloody whilk ;' • Hector trepann'd me forth.'
• He, a faft fent smartly forth.'
let him cast
o the shame between And navel pierc'd him.' This is literal: but would not beneath the navel' have anfwered as well?
The following passage is, in the original, and in Pope's verfion, spirited and sublime:
• So Ajax o'er the decks of num'rous ships
Lost in the multitude of Trojans more.' , Il. xv. 831.
--' on the ham behind
• Vulcan took in hand
· while thus he jeer'd Ulyffes, set the others in a roar.' Odys. 431, 427. In Homer caused them to laugh.'
The dignified gravity of the epic poem is not always preserved, nor evidently intended to be so, by Homer, in his Odysley. It is an interesting narrative, a faithful and pleasing picture of the manners that prevailed in an early period of society: the fa. niliar dialogues that give us a particular insight into those manners are peculiarly fascinating. But they appear to us too simple for a close translation in blank verse; and, if ornamented, the beauties which originated from their naiveté, are obscured, or rendered ridiculous, by their adventitious finery. This is seldom to be complained of here. The characteristic vulgarity of Irus, and we scarcely know whether to speak in praise or sensure, is even heightened in the translation. APP, VOL. IV. NEW ARR. La
“Gods! with what volubility of speech
As men untooth a pig pillring the corn.' The author did not possibly, recollect that collied is taken from a colliery, with the nature of which, neither Irus, nor Ulysses, in all his travels, could have been acquainted. But no fimplicity in the original will excuse the inelegance of the generality of the following expressions. • soon as the reclined se dosed.' Odys. xviii. 231.
Odyf. xvii. 89. "The billows belch'd horrible abroad,
Odys. v. 482. • Ye roral drones, whose purblind eyes fee not
Beyond the present hour, egregious fools !'
' dar'it thou flip
as ever well advised Squatted.' (EETO) Odys. xiv. 37.
• All that I can I will ; right thro' I go.' Il. XX. 446.
-Leels his flanks, &c. nibbled bare.' Il. xxi. 243, • Shall rend thy body while a firap remains.'
11. xxii. 409
• But when I had in duft roll'd me, and wept.'
Odyf. iv. 652. Venus says, Diomede wounded her,
For that I stole Æneas from the fight.' Il. v. 438. A phrase often repeated instead of becausc.'.
• Let Jove but once afford us riddance clear Of these Achaians !'
-- why art thou always given
To prate, Idomeneus? Il. xxiii. 593. The myrmidons are compared to wolves who
This image is, however, ratlier niore disgusting in the original. The following expression is not translated. 5 BRFORETA, de ne yaeng Il. xvi. 163,