« ПредыдущаяПродолжить »
tion of the London Medical Journal, it would have been better to have passed it over. -To this collection no remarks are subjoined.
The Afiatic Researches; Fordyce's Treatise on Digestion ; Dr. Austin's Treatise on the Origin and component Parts of the Stone in the Bladder; some Papers from the Journal de Physique, October 1791; and some from the Aunals of Chemistry for August and September 1791; Extracts from the Memoirs of the Royal Academy at Turin 1788, and 1789; as well as from the second Part of the Philosophical Transactions of last Year, are the other works analysed in this part of the Journal. From the Medical News we shall select two or three articles.
• Extrait of a Letter from Venice, Sept. 10, 1791. A poor man, lying under the frightful tortures of the hydrophobia, was cured with some draughts of vinegar, given him by mistake instead of another potion. A physician of Padua, called count Leonija, got intelligence of this event at Udine, and tried the same remedy upon a patient that was brought to the Padua hospital, adminiftering him a pint of vinegar in the morning, another at noon, and a third at sunset, and the man was speedily and perfectly cured.'
• In the Gazzette Salutaire it is said, that M. Dufresnoy has cured twenty-eight cases of consumption, la pbithifie ruberculeusi, by the use of a fpecies of mushroom (agaricus piperatus et deliciosus Linn.) conjoined with an opiates mushrooms approximate to the nature of animal food, does not this fact corroborate the plan of treatment recommended by Dr. Percival, and other late writers ?
• Extrait of a Letter from Edinburgh, Nov. 10. • Dr. Hamilton's method of treating dropsies by giving mere cary nearly to the point of salivation, previous to the exhibition of diuretics, is attended with great success. - The New College will be a magnificent and commodious building. - Dr. Black has espoused the antiphlogistic doctrine, and uses the French nomenclature in his class. - Dr. Gregory is said to be engaged in a metaphysical work.' Hogarth illustrated, by John Ireland. 2 Vols. 8vo. 21. 12s.6d.
. THE deserved popularity of the works of Hogarth renders
any good commentary upon them a desirable publication. The meagre and uninformed work of Mr. Trusler, intituled,
Hogarth Hogarth Moralised, is deservedly superseded by Mr. Ireland's superior labours: the plates in Truller's book, engraved by one Dent, whole name we recollect not to have seen alfixed to other engravings, are retained in this work, and some new plates are added.
The first feature which struck us, in perusing Mr. Ireland's commentary, is its garrulity, sometimes entertaining, somet times dull: the second is a lingular foppish quaintnels of expretlion, which often stains his pages. As to the plates, the new ones are well engraved ; and it would have been more worthy of Meff. Boydells' opulence and taste, and the favour they have received from the public, not to mention their own interest and reputation, to have accompanied the work with a complete set of new engravings, of the fame fize as the printed page, than to have been contented with late and bad imprefGons of Dent's flat miniatures. The most proper form would have been an oblong octavo.
After having offered these general remarks, we shall proceed to a particular specification of this work. Mr. Ireland's short Introduction, or rather advertisement, is in the following terms.
• Mr. Hogarth frequently asserted, that no man was so ill qualified to form a true judgment of pictures as the professed connoisfeur ; whose taste being originally formed upon imitations, and confired to the manners of masters, had seldom any reference to natere. Under this conviction, his fubjects were selected for the crowd, rather than the critic; and explained in that universal language common to the world, rather than in the lingua rechnica of the arts, which is sacred to the scientific.
· Without presuming to support his hypothesis, I have endeavoured to follow his example ; and not being vain enough to think I can make any material addition to the knowledge of either vir. tuofo or collector, with all due deference, make my apology.
My original design was to have comprized, in two hundred pages, a moral and analytical description of about eighty prints; and during the progress of the first series, this plan was adhered 10. As the work advanced, such variety of anecdote, and long train of etcetera, imperceptibly clong to the narrative, that the limits were found too narrow. With the explanation of fifteen new plates, the letter press has expanded to more than seven hun. dred pages.
· Where the artist has been made a victim to poetical or polia tical prejudice, without meaning to be his panegyrist, I have endeavoured to rescue his memory from unmerited obloquy. Where his works have been misconceived, or misrepresented, I have attempted the true reading. In my essay at an illaftration of the C.R. N. AR. (IV.) April, 1792,
Ff prints, prints, with a description of what I conceive the comic and mo. ral tendency of each, there is the best information I could procure, concerning the relative circumstances, occasionally interspe:fed with such defultory conversation, as occurred in turning over a volume of his prints. Though thefe notes may not always have an immediate relation to the engravings, I hope they will seldom be found wholly unconnected with the subjects.
• Such mottos as were engraved on the plates, are inserted; but where a print has been published without inscription, I have either selected or written one. Errors in either parody or verse, with the signature E. the writer submits to that tribunal, from whose candour he hopes pardon for every mistake, or inaccuracy, which may be found in his volumes.'
We must beg leave to remind Mr. Ireland, that it is of all things the easiest to expand a work by hafty compilation, carelessness, and want of selection, while it requires time and labour, and some respect for the public, to render a work short, and to lay before the world only the essence of one's thoughts and information; a compliment which it expects, and is entitled to receive, from every writer who aspires toany reputation. We do not wish, however, to be severe, as the very nature of Mr. Ireland's commentary, and of the criginal text, requires a portion of trivial information, which might become ridiculous if conveyed in a precise manner : but we think the happy medium for Mr. Ireland's book would have been a volume not exceeding 400 pages; as it is, there is a great waste of paper, ink, and chit-chat.
The account of Hogarth, which follows, is in a great meafure taken from Mr. Nichols's anecdotes of this great painter of nature; and we could wish to have seen our author more 'frequently acknowledge his obligations to the same source, in the other pages of his motley miscellany. In this division of the work is given the explanation of a new plate (for so we shall style those not to be found in Trusler's book), the battle of the pictures. Mr. Ireland, in a note, offers some well-timed remarks on the gross impositions of picture-dealers : as a caution on this subject cannot be too widely diffused, and as ridiculum acri fortius et melius, &c. we shall present our virtuoli readers with the following bill, not found a true bill, but ben trovato, and dated 1791.
• Monfieur Varnish to Benjamin Bifter, debtor. 1. d. • To painting the woman caught in adultery,
upon a green ground, by Hans Holbein « To Solomon's wife judgment, on pannel, by
Michael Angelo Buenorati • To painting and canvas for a naked Mary Magdalen, in the undoubted style of Paul Veronese
3 3 0
2 12 6
2 1 2
• To brimstone, for smoking ditto
o 2 6 • Paid Mrs. W - for a live model to fit for Diana bathing, by Tinteretto
o 16 8 • Paid for the hire of a layman, to copy the robes of a cardinal, for a Vandyke
o 5 • Portrait of a nun doing penance, by Albert Duser
2 2 • Paid the female figure for fitting thirty minutes
in a wet fheet, that I might give the dry manner of that master
6 • The Tribute-money rendered, with all the ex
actness of Quintin Methus, the famed blacksmith of Antwerp
6 • To Ruth at the feet of Boaz, upon an oak board, by Titiano
3 3 • St. Anthony preaching to the Fishes, by Salya
tor Rosa • The Martydom of St. Winifred, with a view of Holywell bath, by old Frank
6 • To a large allegorical altar-piece, consisting of
men and angels, horses and river gods ; 'tis thoughe most happily hit off for a Rubens
5 5 0 . To Susannah bathing; the two Elders in the
back-ground, by Castiglione • To the Devil and St. Dunstan, high finished by Teniers
2 2 0 « To the Queen of Sheba falling down before Solo. mon, by Morillio
6 • To a Judith in the tent of Holofernes, by Le Brun
I 16 • To a Sicera in the tent of Jael, its companion,
by the same • Paid for admission into the House of Peers, to
take a ketch of a great character, for a picture of Mofes breaking the Tables of the Law, in the darkest manner of Rembrandt, not yet finished.'
ó 2 6 In the account of Hogarth are also introduced the two plates of the Analysis of Beauty, the ill-fated Sophonisba, and Time smoking a picture. The author's remarks on the Sophoniiba we Thali transcribe. He quotes the objections of Mr. Walpole (now lord Orford) and thus replies :
• The author of the Mysterious Mother, fought for fublimity, where the artist strictly copied nature, of whom all his figures are the archetypes, but which the painter, who scars into fancy's fairy
regions, mult in a degree defert. Considered with this reference, though the picture has faults, Mr. Walpole's satire is surely too fevere. It is built upon a compa:ison with works painted in a language of which Hogarth knew not the idiom, -- trying him befo:e a tribunal, whofs authority he did not acknowledge, and, from the picture having been in many respects altered after the critic saw it, some of the remarks become unfair. To the frequency of these alterations we may attribute many of the errors: the man who has not confidence in his own knowledge of the leading principles on which his work ought to be built will not render it perfect by following the advice of his friends. Although Messrs. Wilkes and Churchill dragged his heroine to the altar of politics, and mangled her with a barbarism that can hardly be paralleled, excepe in the history of her husband, - the artist retained his par. tiality ; which seems to have increased in exact proportion to their abuse. The picture being thus contemplated through the medium of party prejudice, we cannot wonder that allitsimproprieties were exaggerated. The painted barlot of Babylon had not more approbrious epithets from the first race of reformers, than the painted Sigirmonda of Hogarth from the last race of patriots. When a favourite child is chattised by his preceptor, a partial mother redoubles her caresies. Hogarth, eltinating this picture by the labour he had bestowed upon it, was certain that the public were prejudiced, and requested, if his wife survived him, she would not sell it for less than five hundred pounds. Mrs. Hogarth acted in conformity to his wihes, but since her death the painting has been purchased by Mefits. Boydell, and is now in the Shaktpeare Gallery. "The colouring, though not brilliant, is harmonious and natural: the attitude, drawing, &c. will be more universally known from a print now engraving by Mr. Ridley: I am much inclined to think, that if some of those who have been moft severe in their cenfures, had consulted their own feelings, instead of cornoisseurs, poor Sigismonda would have been in higher estimation. It has been said that the firit sketch was made from Mrs. Hogarth, at the time the was weeping over the corse of her mother.'
In p. cxiv. and cxv. we learn that, on the death of Mrs. Hogarth, the plates of our great painter's works passed, by her will, to Mrs. Lewis; who, on condition of receiving an anvuity for life, transferred to Meflrs. Boydell her right in all the plates; and since in their poffeffion they have not been touched upon by a burin. Every plate has been carefully cleaned: and the rolling-prelles now in ufe being on an improved principle, the paper superior, and the art of printing better underltood, impreitons are more clearly and accurately taken vif than they have been at any preceding period. Proceeding to the work, we must again censure the poor ex