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written, printed, and sold, in the short space of three days; it, of course, escaped the notice of our collector; and, for the copy we poffess, as well as for the obliging manner in which it was conveyed, we must express our thanks. We suspect the "Letter' before. 46 to have been written by the author of the Philosophy of the Masoos : it is lively, spirited, and judicious. As he disclaims the slightest intention of injuring the cause of Chriftianity, we oughc not to fuggest any farther doubts on this subject : the Heathen and the Jew, he observes in that work, are not fi&titious characters, and they must consequently answer for their own fiepticism. The reply to Mr. Holder is animated and severe, osten sarcastical; the answer was certainly calculated to cail forth the efforts of an able antagonist. Principles of Government deduced from Reafon, supported by English
Experience, and opposed to French Errors. By the Rev. R. Nares, A. M. 8vo.
Stockdale. 1792. Our author is a judicious and rational admirer of the English conAitution, which he defends with great propriety and force against the visionary refinements of reformers. The defence is, in general, well conducted, though occasionally Mr. Nares errs in not availing himself of some strong grounds, and, in one or two instances, falls into some little errors. The most dangerous and important of these is, where he seems willing to raise the kingly power too high. A British king has, within the ftri&t limits of the constitution, as much power as a wise man would wish for, and what a good king might employ for the general happiness of his subjects. Our author fhould also have adverted to the king being of himself branch of the constitution, and to the political foundation of the principle, • that the king can do no wrong.' Tbe New Plain Dealer; or, Freeman's Budgets. No. 1. Contain
ing an impartial State of the Caf: beteveen the British Nation, com
monly called John Bull, and G. R. 8vo. 25. 6d. Fores. 1792. · We have read this work with some attention, but are unable to give any account of it, or of the author's design. Every thing seems to be wrong in the political world, because the new Plain Dealer is neither a peer nor a placeman. It is, indeed, a wretched farrago. An Enquiry into the Nature, Defeats, and Abufes of the British Cone
Atitution, with Strictures on the present Administration. 8vo. 25. 6d, Jordan. 1792.
The objections specified by this author, with regard to the British constitution, is such as have been uniformly retailed by every political pamphleteer, for at least half a century. They confikt chiefly of the influence of the crown, particularly its pre
CRIT. REY, N. AR. (IV.) Feb. 1792. R rogative
rogative of making war, and the unequal representation of the people; from both which the author endeavours to deduce many past events, unfavourable to the nation, and to excite apprehenfions respecting public calamities in future. Whatever foundation there may be for some of his remarks, in others he is evidently erroneous, and not only erroneous but unjust. He is, indeed, too intemperate a writer to treat with moderation any subject which has a connection with the interests of party. He avowedly pafies over the Coalition with a very few observations ; • believing that all cool, thinking men, must long before this be convinced that it was only an error in judgment in Mr. Fox, and not a desertion of the cause of the people. The fubsequent part of the pamphlet, which is, in general declamatory, is interspersed with addresses to the house of commons, the house of lords, and the king; in which the author, directly or indire&ly, delivers many political exhortations, conformable to the design of his enquiry. The three branches of the legislature are treated by him with a degree of decency ; but, in what relates to the conduct of administration, he seems not to be much actuated by reserve.
PO E T I CAL. A Poetical Epistle from Marie Antoinette, Queen of France, 10 Leopold the Second, Emperor of Germany. By Thomas Atkinfor. 8vo.
Hamilton. 1791. This is written with a view to excite sensations of pity for the fufferings of degraded majetty. Mr. Atkinson speaks with modesty of his performance; nor is it indeed entitled to much praise. The lines, however, flow in an easy manner, are sometimes pathetic, and seldom or never highly reprehensible. Ihe Triumphs of Friendship. An Historical Poem. By W. Golden.
25. 6d. Jordan. 1791. The old tale of the king's resigning the maid he loved to a friend, whose heart she had inadvertently caught, and whose virque rendered him incapable of perfidy. It is cold with little inte reit, and without one spark of poetic fire.
« 'Twas Adelaide, the beauteous, fair, and wise!
Unsullied and unseen, she grac'd the dale.' In this manner 'fire' and · he' are often brought in erroneously to fill up the verse, and sometimes to tag the rhyme, in despite of propriety or even grammar. Fie on't, 'tis an unweeded garden! Poems Miscellaneous and Humorous, with explanatory Notes and 0b. Jervations. By E. Nairne. 8vo. 35. 6d. Simmons and Kerby. 1791. The poems are indeed miscellaneous, and sometimes humour. 9
Mr. Nairne's chief skill consilts, however, in the vulgar phraseology termed fang, with his provincial and Jewish language. His subscribers, notwithstanding, seem to have no reason to com, plain. . His bill of fare is various, and his humour decent. Teve Poems or Songs, one on Abdul Achmel, the late Grand Sultan.
The other on Sir Jeremiah Tickle, Bart, called the Harter's Tale. Svo. 15. Deighton. 1791.
In the dedication there are some obscure hints at a literary theft; and one of the prizes seems to have been the song on Abdul Achmet. The poor man who stole it deserves to be committed to everlasting redemption' for the theft, unless it can be proved that he never previoufy read it. The second poem seems to be the life of the thief; and we do declare, in consequence of the full powers vested in us, by the sovereign Martinus Scriblerus I. that the culo prit is hereby acquitted of any farther pains and penalties.— To have his life, written by a poet like our author, is the greatest pupishment that can be awarded.
DRAM А тг с. The Dreamer Awake; or, Pugilist Matched. A Farce, in two A&ts.
As performed at the Theatre Royal, Covent Garden. By E. G. Eyri. 8vo.
Is. Richardson. 1791. The plot and incidents of this little piece are scarcely within the limits of comedy, or to be tried on the fatutes of the Stagyrite. The whole was probably intended to raise a laugh at the close of a theatrical evening, and it will perhaps succeed. To introduce, however, the equivoque of a modern bruiser, proposing to contend with a follower of Dr. Johnson in ' bardness of bead,' is almolt too much for modern farce. A Scbool for Scandal, or News-Papers. A Comedy. 8vo. 2s.6d.
Symonds. 1792. The plot of this satirical farce, for it deserves no higher name, is truly contemptible; but, if the editors of morning papers have done such things, thus Mould they be told of it. Foote's carica. ture in the Bankrupt is tamely drawn, and coldly coloured in com, parison; but Smollett has perhaps weakened the force of all scenes of this nature by the superior spirit of his inimitable representas tions.
N O' V E L S. The Female Werter, a Novel. Translated from the French of M. Perrin. 2 Vols. 12mo.
65. Robinsons. 1791. The pernicious poison of the Sorrows of Werter' wanted not a more general dissemination. But the present work is less dangerous, because it is less interesting; and when, as a concomitant motive to suicide, the little mortification of failing in the perform
ance of a concerto from timidity is added, the whole is rendered ridiculous. Almost every circumitance in Werter is also parodied or copied, particularly the force of the observation of Albert in delivering the pistols. If we except the pernicious leffon, some parts of this work deserve our applause, as indicating a knowledge of the human heart, and containing various scenes elegantly defcriptive. Leon, a Spartan Story. By Henry Siddons, Author of William Wal. lace. 2 Vols. 12mo. 5s.
1791. A Spartan story! There is not the slightest resemblance of Spar
Even the names are Şaxon; and the manners the puling, maukith, resemblances of the veriest trash of modern novels. Such crude absurdities are an insult on the public; and
by the author of William Wallace,' or of Leon,' will be sufe ficient, in future, to reprobate any work.-- We are unwilling to hold up to a young man the mirror of ridicule; but, if we find these follies repeated, we shall indulge ourselves with a laugh at some of the particular absurdities, The Carpenter's Daughter of Derham-Down, or Sketches on the Banks of Windermere.
1791. Windermere is introduced, probably to render the title more fascinating; but this celebrated lake has little connection with the Nory, and indeed it wanted no adventitious aslistance. The whole is entertaining and interesting ; the characters diversified, and
ge. nerally amiable. In the conduct of the story there are many im. probabilities, and the changes are feldom skilfully introduced : we were much surprised that, with some knowledge of the manners of the world, and some skill in developing the intricacies of the human heart, there should be so great a defect in the mechanical business of arrangement. The Butler's Diary; or, the History of Miss Eggerton. 2 Vols. 12mo.
6s. Lane. 1791. There is a novelty in the style and manner of this story which Tenders it pleasing. There is a discrimination of character also, with various little traces of knowledge and refleciion, which seem to lift these volumes above the common rank: the ficuations and events are interefting and not improbable; but the language, from the printer's or author's inadvertence, is very inaccurate : we suspect both to be in fault.
M I S C E L L A NE OU S. A second Letter to the Right Hon. Charles James Fox, upon the Matder of Libels. By J. Bowles, Esq. Evo. 25. Whieldon. 1792. We have already noticed with approbation Mr. Bowles's two former publications on this subject; and, seemingly alarmed at Mr. Fox's intended bill, he continues to show himself an able and spirited advocate for the rights of judges. He allows, however, that, in cases of libel, the jury may and orght to decide upon the fact of publication, and also, in a limited sense, upon the intention of the author. They may, for instance, decide, he thinks, whether the author meant to write about the persons and things alledged, and in the manner charged in the indictment. But whe. ther he had an innocent or criminal intention in the eye of the law, ought to be reserved, in Mr. Bowles's opinion, according to the conititution of this country, for the decision of the judges. This reits greatly on the puisne judge, who, if he be a candidate for the office of lord chancellor, or even of the master of the rolls, may be in this way biased in favour of the court : we know not whether Reviewers, of all mortal men the most incorrupt and impartial, could come out harmless from this fiery trial. – The question is, however, now before the first tribunal in the world ; and to it we ought to leave the decifion. We must, however, praise Mr. Bowles for his ability and ingenuity in the examination, and should have praised him more chearfully if a few harth expressions, which never aslift an argument, had been omitted. A Letter to the Students in Divinity in the Diocese of Chefter ; occan
foned by a late Publication of • A List of Books,' witb' a Pre. face,' by the Bishop of Cheffer; and intended as a Supplement to ibat Work. 8vo. 6d. Johnson. 1792.
• Audi alteram partem' Mould be the motto of this Letter. The author, with some petulance, attacks the bihop for many omilfons in his list: it was the greatest of crimes to have forgotten Dr. Priestley and Mr. Lindsey's works. The omission is now supplied ; and we ought to add, that, besides these prophets of the new school, we find many valuable authors in the present collection. Account of the Parifh of Fairford, in the County of Gloucester ; with
a particular Defcription of the ftained Glass in the Windows of the Church, and Engravings of ancient Monuments. 419. 25. Wilkie. 1791.
These little local histories, with accounts of monuments, stained glass, &c. are not generally interesting; and we have no particalar reason to blame or to commend the editor's accuracy. Fairą ford is a market town, eight miles east from Cirencelier; and its claim to notice originated from John Tame, who, about the middle of the fifteenth century, brought the woollen manufacture to the town. He died in 147!. The Wonders of the Creation ; or, Contemplations on the Works of
God. Written originally in German, by C. C. Sturm. Translated into English by a Clergyman, 12mo. 25. 6d. Robinsons. 1791. The various wonders of the creation excite in our author a warm