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only to twenty-two sail of the line, and two fifties. This great superiority, as we could not be quite certain of the ill condition of the enemy, must necessarily have checked all well-governed adventure. It , has, however, been thought, (and the opinion received a considerable sam&tion, from what was held out by the first lord of the admiralty upon the subjećt in parliament), that their condition, in every respect confidered, encumbered and divided as they were by their convoy, an attack would, in all human probability, have heen attended with the most decifive consequences. It was reported, that the hostile fleets were

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fessional and national honour were

so nobly sustained, and such mu

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slaughter of the enemy. Time, the leisure of a long blockade, with the constant contemplation of so near an obječt, and the vexation of being baffled by a handful of men, who seemed almost to be abandoned to their own fortune, at kength whetted the invention of the Spaniards to a project, which soon afforded much trouble to the garrison; and in its process, produced the utter destruction of the town, the ruin. of the unfortunate inhabitants, and infinitely increased the difficulties and dangers of the defence. This was the framing a number of gun boats, of a construćtion calculated to carry very heavy cannon and mortars, for the purpose of cannonading, and bombarding the town and works in the night; whilst their own lowness, with the difficulty of perceiving, as well as of hitting the objećt, preserved them, in a very great degree, from the fire of the batteries. The total want of a naval force gave effeet to this measure, by disabling the garrison from encountering the enemy in their own way. But its being a work of labour, time, and experiment, prevented the effect of these floating batteries from being, until the following year, fully experienced, While all the rest of Europe were entering into a confederacy, calculated for the subversion of the British naval power, the Queen of Portugal alone, had virtue to persevere in her friendship, and refused to accede to the armed neutrality. This refusal was the more enerous and exemplary, as it was in effect rendering herself liable to

the dangerous weight of resent-
ment, of the whole united House
of Bourbon, at a time when the
ability of England for her pro-
tection became every day more
precarious.
It was much to be regretted,
that this friendship was in some
degree weakened, and in danger
of being lost, through the impru-
dence of some British officers on
the coast of Portugal; who not
contented with the advantages
which they derived from the free
use of her ports, and the security
thereby afforded to their prizes,
are said to have proceeded to equip
and fit out cruizers in the river of
Lisbon, in order to ačt against the
enemy. This produced an order
from that court, prohibiting the
privateers of all nations from en-
tering her ports, excepting in
cases of real and apparent neces-
sity; and forbidding even then
i. stay, for any longer time
than the continuance of the ne-
cessity.
A scheme adopted by the court
of Vienna, and which was not
unfolded until this year, seems to
have awakened in no small degree,
the, perhaps well founded, jea-
lousy of the Prussian monarch.
This was the making a provision.
for the Archduke Maximilian,
brother to the emperor, by pro-
curing him to be elečted coadjutor
to the elector of Cologne, in his
two great and princely bishopricks
of Cologne and Munster, with the
consequent reversion of the elec-
torate annexed to the former. The
Prince Maximilian, was already
coadjutor of the Teutonic order;
and if he goined this ele&tion,
whenever the whole fell solely
into his hands, he would, as well

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