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to their own opinions. It is certain, that no degree of good goÉ.i. in armies, can prevent the nature of particular individuals, from breaking forth into acts of enormity, when those opportunities offer, in which their crimes may escape dete&tion; especially under the ill habits acuired in the outrage and malice

of a civil war. From thence the army marched towards Springfield, being, as before, continually annoyed on their march by the militia; but now with greater effect, as they continually grew more numerous ; they found

found , the American General, Maxwell, at the head of the Jersey brigade, and reinforced by all the militia which in a few hours could be colle&ted, well posted at that place. Whether it proceeded from Maxwell’s good countenance and position, or from whatever other cause, so it was, that the army halted; and continued on the same ground until night, without advancing. The Americans, however, though inferior in strength, did not permit them by any means to hold their post in quiet; and a very confiderable and continual firing, without coming at any time to close action, was kept up during the day. The report in the British line was, that they only waited for the coming up of the waggons and necessaries which were in the rear. Whatever the cause was, the design of attacking Springfield was given up, and the army returned to Elizabeth Town in the night. They were pursued by the enemy, as soon as day rose, all the way to that place ; and they were now grown so eager and confident, as boldly to attack the 22d regiment, which was posted at some finall distance in the front of the line. That regiment being ordered to fall back on their approach, was pursued with great rapidity by the enemy, who confidered it as the rear-guard of a re.# army, whose van, they supposed, was then passing over to Staten Island. The reception they met, and the appearances they discovered, soon convinced them of their error, and they retired with precipitation. It is not easy to account, for the

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vanced with rapidity to this place;

where they found the bridge, which led to the village, occupied by a small party of about 170 men, under the condućt of a Col. Angel. That officer, turning all the advantages afforded by his situation (which were many) to the best account, defended his post with great gallantry. With. that handful, of men, he obstinately maintained the bridge, against a prodigious superiority of force, and the most spirited attacks, for a quarter of an hour. Finding himself at length overpowered, and no relief appearing, he still found means to carry of

the remainder of his detachment,

and even to save the wounded;

nearly one fourth of his whole'

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other. But the expectation of a
strong naval and military force
from France, by the aid of which,
they hoped to retaliate on New
York for the loss of Charles-
Town, and even to clear the con-
tinent entirely of the British
forces, could not but have had a
much greater effect. -
In the mean time, their prin-
cipal leaders, as well as the Con-
gress, omitted no means to encou-
rage and to profit of the rising
spirit, and to cherish in the people
the most sanguine hopes. Letters
were written by a committee of
that body, which were strength-
ened and enforced by those from
the commander in chief, Gen.
Reed, and some other popular
commanders, to the different exe-
cutive governments, to the peo-
ple at large, and to particular co-
lonies, stimulating them by every
motive to the speedy furnishing
their respective quotas. The dis-
grace of appearing contemptible
in the eyes of their great ally, and
the mischief and ruin which must
be the consequence, of their be-
ing incapable to benefit of his in-
tentions in their favour, were
strongly urged. And the people
were passionately called upon, not
to suffer the curse of another cam-
paign to rest upon Americal The
eyes of all Europe were upon
them ; and their future indepen-
dence, fortune, and happiness, as
they said, depended upon their
present exertion.
These remonstrances produced
a considerable effect upon the dif-
ferent governments, and seemed
to operate no less upon indivi-
duals. Many arts were used to
keep up the spirit. Large sub-
scriptions were made by private
[B] 2 - persons

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