The Terror in the French Revolution
Macmillan International Higher Education, 30 июл. 2010 г. - Всего страниц: 128
We now live with the threat and the reality of political terror and terrorists. The French Revolution was the first occasion when a democratic government used terror as a political weapon, executing thousands of people for political crimes. What caused reasonable people to implement such a brutal regime? What did it achieve? What are its links with the terrors of the present day?
This established text examines a range of key issues, analyses the terror's background and traces the course from the fall of the Bastille in 1789 to the work of the guillotine during the terror of 1793-4. It puts the terror into context and shows how circumstances and ideas interacted to create an event that has haunted the political imagination of Europe ever since. Thoroughly revised in the light of recent scholarship and debates, this new edition of an essential introduction includes:
• an updated historiography section
• clearly set-out definitions of the 'terror' and more detail on its workings
• an entirely new chapter exploring the social and cultural policies of the Revolution
• an up-to-date bibliography, organised thematically for ease of reference.
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2 Prelude to Terror? From Revolution to Republic 178993
December 1793April 1794
7 Creating New Citizens for the New Republic
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2nd edn activists administrative ancien regime April argued arrest Assembly August Austrian cent centralisation church collapse Collot d’Herbois commission Committee of Public Committee’s conspiracy constitution Convention Cordeliers Cordeliers club counter-revolution counter-revolutionary Danton December dechristianisation decree defeated democracy denounced deputies early émigrés executed federalist federalist revolt flight to Varennes France French Revolution Furet Girondins guillotine Hébert Hébertistes historians ical Jacobin club July June king king’s later law of suspects legislation liberty Louis XVI Lyon March military monarchy months National nobility numbers October ordered Paris Commune Parisian patriot plot political suspects popular prairial prairial law priests prisoners Public Safety radical rebels reform representatives on mission republic republican revisionist revolutionary army revolutionary tribunal Robespierre Rousseau royalist Saint-Just sans-culottes Security September September massacres social society spring of 1793 summer of 1794 terror threat tion towns trial troops Tuileries Palace Vendée violence vote weeks women