The Psychology of Reading
The last 20 years have witnessed a revolution in reading research. Cognitive psychologists, using high-speed computers to aid in the collection and analysis of data, have developed tools that have begun to answer questions that were previously thought unanswerable. These tools allow for a "chronometric," or moment-to-moment, analysis of the reading process. Foremost among them is the use of the record of eye movements to help reveal the underlying perceptual and cognitive processes of reading.
This volume provides a coherent framework for the research accomplished on the reading process over the past 15 years. It emphasizes how readers go about extracting information from the printed page and how they comprehend the text.
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activity alphabetic alphabetic principle ambiguous anaphoric appears argued beginning readers brieﬂy Chapter characters cognitive cognitive psychologists comprehension cues deﬁnition developmental dyslexia difﬁculty discourse discuss dyslexics effect encoding errors evidence example experiments eye movements eye-movement fact ﬁnd ﬁnding ﬁrst ﬁxated word ﬁxation duration function words graphemic Hangul homophones iconic memory indicates inferences inﬂuence inner speech Kintsch language learning to read letters lexical access lexicon logographic McConkie meaning morpheme move msec nonwords normal reading parafoveal passage pattern perceptual span phonemes phonological awareness phonological coding predictable presented priming problem programs pronounced pronunciation propositions pseudowords psychology Rayner reading process reading rate recoding regressions represent representation saccade saccade length schema semantic sentence short-term memory silent reading skilled readers sound speciﬁc speedreading stage stimulus strategies structure studies subjects subvocalization suggests syllables symbols syntactic tachistoscopic target word task types visual information vowel word identiﬁcation writing system