The Child and the War: Being Notes on Juvenile Delinquency

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P. S. King & Son, Limited, 1917 - Всего страниц: 69

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Стр. 7 - Leesou speaks from direct personal experience. His book is called " The Child and the War.'' May I quote the first two paragraphs from his preface: " Figures issued by the Home Office show that during the war there has occurred a grave increase in the numbers of juvenile offenders, and especially of juvenile thieves. For the period covered by these figures the increase in juvenile offences generally is 34 per cent, and the increase in thefts nearly 50 per cent. The situation is not confined to any...
Стр. 28 - While the cause is to be found chiefly in the withdrawal of parental and other adult influence, " the present abnormal demand for boy labor * * * has much to answer for in increasing juvenile delinquency, particularly where boys of 12 and 13 are released from school for work ; and we have it on the authority of Sir James YoxalL 11.
Стр. 13 - ... that comparing the three months December, 1914, to February, 1915, with the three months December, 1915, to February, 1916, the total number of children and young persons charged with punishable offenses has grown from 2,686 to 3,596, and that the increase has been experienced in practically all the towns consulted.
Стр. 56 - There Is now a large consensus of opinion among teachers of the young that open-air activity, work with some immediate purpose in it, is the best prophylactic for the tendencies that bring school children into juvenile court * * *. Whatever may be true of other children, those who come before the magistrates are restless and self-assertive. They need discipline certainly, but they need occupation away from the confinement of seats and desks. * * * The remedy I propose is based upon our modern facilities...
Стр. 34 - The countries which have borne the brunt of the war have indeed sacrificed the schooling of children to their evident injury. Cecil Leeson says in his book on The Child and the War: If the lads were learning anything useful the situation, though still undesirable, would be not quite so bad; but they are not learning anything useful. Most of the factory work they do is "blind alley" work, fitting them for nothing afterwards; and, to do it, lads are sacrificing physique, efficiency, and in very many...
Стр. 42 - Had we set out with the deliberate intention of manufacturing juvenile delinquents, could we have done so in any more certain way?" said Mr. Cecil Leeson, secretary of the Howard Association of London. A marked increase in juvenile delinquency was noted, particularly among boys of eleven to thirteen, the ages for which school attendance laws have been relaxed and premature employment allowed.
Стр. 40 - ... children, whose thoughts should be happy and wholesome, familiar with ideas of death by exhibiting shootings, stabbings, and the like. Nor are these death scenes merely brief incidents in the stories, for where a character is represented to be mortally wounded the story pauses while the children are shown an enlarged view of the victim's features during the death agony. Owing to this deliberate emphasis of the repulsiveness of such situations, it is difficult to see how the child's nerves can...
Стр. 29 - ... time, there has been an unprecedented demand for boy labor and wages have shot up to heights undreamed of before. From 150,000 to 200,000 children between the ages of 11 and 13 have been released from school on the pretext of seeking employment. " It cannot be mere coincidence," says Mr. Leeson, " that delinquency among lads of 12 and 13 has increased in greater proportion than it has among lads in the other age groups.
Стр. 42 - Had we set out with deliberate intention of manufacturing juvenile delinquents, could we have done so in any more certain way? Childhood is a time of many adjustments — adjustments of a delicate mechanism to an increasingly complicated society. Even for adults, the world of the moment is a harder place to do well in than it was two years ago; it is not likely to be less hard for inexperienced children from whom guidance is withheld.
Стр. 13 - Is mainly caused by an increase of nearly 50 per cent in cases of larceny, but there were also more charges of assault, malicious damage, gaming, and offenses against the education acts.

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