The Biomechanics of Insect Flight: Form, Function, Evolution

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Princeton University Press, 29 сент. 2002 г. - Всего страниц: 476
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From the rain forests of Borneo to the tenements of Manhattan, winged insects are a conspicuous and abundant feature of life on earth. Here, Robert Dudley presents the first comprehensive explanation of how insects fly. The author relates the biomechanics of flight to insect ecology and evolution in a major new work of synthesis.


The book begins with an overview of insect flight biomechanics. Dudley explains insect morphology, wing motions, aerodynamics, flight energetics, and flight metabolism within a modern phylogenetic setting. Drawing on biomechanical principles, he describes and evaluates flight behavior and the limits to flight performance. The author then takes the next step by developing evolutionary explanations of insect flight. He analyzes the origins of flight in insects, the roles of natural and sexual selection in determining how insects fly, and the relationship between flight and insect size, pollination, predation, dispersal, and migration. Dudley ranges widely--from basic aerodynamics to muscle physiology and swarming behavior--but his focus is the explanation of functional design from evolutionary and ecological perspectives.


The importance of flight in the lives of insects has long been recognized but never systematically evaluated. This book addresses that shortcoming. Robert Dudley provides an introduction to insect flight that will be welcomed by students and researchers in biomechanics, entomology, evolution, ecology, and behavior.

 

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Содержание

Flight and the Pterygote Insecta
3
11 Insect Diversity
5
12 Basic Aerodynamics
15
13 Why Study Flight Biomechanics?
29
14 Summary
34
Morphology of the Flight Apparatus
36
22 Wings
52
23 Ancillary Structures
72
53 ThreeDimensional Flight Behavior
227
54 Limits to Insect Flight Performance
236
55 Summary
253
Evolution of Flight and Flightlessness
255
62 Evolutionary Consequences of Flight and Flightlessness
285
63 Summary
294
Flight and Insect Diversification
296
72 Pollination
303

24 Summary
74
Kinematics and Aerodynamics of Flight
75
32 Aerodynamics
105
33 Mechanical Power Requirements
144
34 Summary
154
Energetics and Flight Physiology
154
42 Muscle Physiology
166
43 Thermoregulation in Flight
190
44 Summary
196
Stability Maneuverability and Maximum Flight Performance
197
52 Maneuverability
216
73 Predation
307
74 LongRange Dispersal and Migration
316
75 Comparison of Insect and Vertebrate Flight
325
76 Summary
330
Future Directions in Insect Flight Biomechanics
332
82 Insect Flight Biomechanics in Nature
335
83 Exploring Insect Diversity
341
GLOSSARY
347
REFERENCES
355
INDEX
459
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Стр. 380 - Egelhaaf, M., Hausen, K., Reichardt, W., and Wehrhahn, C. 1988. Visual course control in flies relies on neuronal computation of object and background motion.
Стр. 454 - Wolf, H. (1993). The locust tegula: significance for flight rhythm generation, wing movement control and aerodynamic force production. J. Exp. Biol., 182: 229-253.
Стр. 387 - J Koolman, Analysis of ecdysteroids by fluorometry. A Edwards, Cholinesterase activity in the cockroach central nervous system . MW Goosey and DJ Candy, The D-octopamine content of the haemolymph of the locust, Schistocerca americana gregaria and its elevation during flight. LL Jackson, NF Hadley and GJ Blomquist, Epicuticular lipids of the desert tenebrinoid beetle, Eleodes armata: identification of the branched hydrocarbons. RAA Worm...
Стр. 450 - Whalley, PES, 1979, New species of Protorthoptera and Protodonata (Insecta) from the Upper Carboniferous of Britain, with a comment on the origin of wings, Bull.

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Об авторе (2002)

Thomas R. Dye, Emeritus McKenzie Professor of Government at Florida State University, regularly taught large introductory classes in American politics. He received his B. A. and M. A. degrees from Pennsylvania State University and his Ph. D. degree from the University of Pennsylvania. He is the author of numerous books and articles on American government and public policy, including The Irony of Democracy; Politics in States and Communities; Understanding Public Policy; Who's Running America?; American Politics in the Media Age; Power in Society; Politics, Economics, and the Public; and American Federalism: Competition Among Governments. His books have been translated into many languages, including Russian and Chinese, and published abroad. Dye has served as president of the Southern Political Science Association, president of the Policy Studies Organization, and secretary of the American Political Science Association. He has taught at the University of Pennsylvania, the University of Wisconsin, and the University of Georgia, and served as a visiting scholar at Bar- Ilan University, Israel; the Brookings Institution in Washington, D. C.; and elsewhere. He is a member of Phi Beta Kappa, Omicron Delta Kappa, and Phi Kappa Phi and is listed in most major biographical directories. Additional information is available at www. thomasrdye.com.

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