The Archaeology of Syria: From Complex Hunter-Gatherers to Early Urban Societies (c.16,000-300 BC)
Cambridge University Press, 2003 - Всего страниц: 467
"This book presents a comprehensive review of the archaeology of Syria from the end of the Palaeolithic period to 300 BC. Syria has become a prime focus of field archaeology in the middle East since the 1970s, and Peter Akkermans and Glenn Schwartz discuss the results of this intensive fieldwork, integrating them with earlier research. Alongside the major material culture types of each period, they examine important contributions of Syrian archaeology to issues like the onset of agriculture, the emergence of private property and social inequality, the rise and collapse of urban life, and the archaeology of early empires. Competing interpretations are set out and considered alongside the authors' own perspectives and conclusions."--BOOK JACKET.
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Huntergatherers at the end of the Ice Age
A changing perspective Neolithic beginnings
The exploration of new horizons
Continuity and change in the late sixth and fifth millennia BC
The fourth millennium BC and the Uruk intrusion
Regionalization and local trajectories
The second urban revolution and its aftermath
agricultural Akkermans Anatolia ancient animals appearance archaeological architecture assemblages associated Assyrian Balikh Brak Bronze building burial centers central century ceramic changes clay communities complex consisted construction contained continued dated domestic earlier early east eastern Ebla economic elite Euphrates evidence example excavated floors given graves groups Halaf houses identified important indicate interpreted Iron Khabur late Late Bronze later Leilan located lower Mari material culture Mesopotamia Middle millennium monumental mound mudbrick Neolithic northern occupation painted palace pattern perhaps period Persian phase plain points population pottery probably production recent region relatively remains rooms Sabi Abyad seals settlement significant similar social societies sometimes southern Mesopotamian status stone storage structures styles suggest Syria Tell temple third-millennium Ubaid upper urban Uruk valley vessels villages wall Ware western wild