The Archaeology of Syria: From Complex Hunter-Gatherers to Early Urban Societies (c.16,000-300 BC)
"This book presents a comprehensive review of the archaeology of Syria from the end of the Palaeolithic period to 300 BC. Syria has become a prime focus of field archaeology in the middle East since the 1970s, and Peter Akkermans and Glenn Schwartz discuss the results of this intensive fieldwork, integrating them with earlier research. Alongside the major material culture types of each period, they examine important contributions of Syrian archaeology to issues like the onset of agriculture, the emergence of private property and social inequality, the rise and collapse of urban life, and the archaeology of early empires. Competing interpretations are set out and considered alongside the authors' own perspectives and conclusions."--BOOK JACKET.
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Huntergatherers at the end of the Ice Age
A changing perspective Neolithic beginnings
The exploration of new horizons
Continuity and change in the late sixth and fifth millennia BC
The fourth millennium BC and the Uruk intrusion
Regionalization and local trajectories
The second urban revolution and its aftermath
Abu Hureyra agricultural Akkadian Akkermans Alalakh Amuq Anatolia ancient animals archaeological architecture assemblages associated Assyrian Balikh Bouqras bowls Brak building burial Cauvin centers ceramic clay communities complex cylinder seals domestic early east eastern Ebla elite Emar evidence example excavated figurines fourth millennium graves groups Habuba Kabira Halaf Halula Hittite houses Hurrian indicate interpreted Iron Age Jebel Jezireh Kebaran Kowm late Neolithic Leilan Mari material culture Mesopotamia Middle Bronze middle Euphrates middle Khabur millennium BC Mitanni Mitannian monumental mound mudbrick Mureybet Natufian Neo-Assyrian Ninevite occupation painted palace perhaps period phase plain pottery probably production rectangular ritual rooms rulers second millennium sequence settlement skulls social southern Mesopotamian stone storage structures suggest Syria tablets Tell Brak Tell Sabi Abyad temple third-millennium tombs Ubaid Ubaid period Ugarit Umm el-Marra upper Khabur urban Uruk period valley vessels villages wall Ware western Syria wild Yamkhad