Mountain Meteorology: Fundamentals and Applications

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Oxford University Press, 1 июн. 2000 г. - Всего страниц: 376
Mountain Meteorology: Fundamentals and Applications offers first an introduction to the basic principles and concepts of mountain meteorology, then goes on to discuss their application in natural resources management. It includes over two hundred beautiful, full-color photographs, figures, and diagrams, as well as observable indicators of atmospheric processes--such as winds, temperature, and clouds--to facilitate the recognition of weather systems and events for a variety of readers. It is ideal for those who spend time in or near mountains and whose daily activities are affected by weather. As a comprehensive work filled with diverse examples and colorful illustrations, it is essential for professionals, scholars, and students of meteorology.
 

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Содержание

1
3
12 Altitude
4
13 Continentality
7
2
11
21 The Appalachians
13
22 The Coast Range the Alaska Range the Cascade Range and the Sierra Nevada
15
23 The Rocky Mountains
18
24 Between the Mountains
19
111 The Daily Cycle of Slope and AlongValley Winds and Temperature Structure
172
113 Disturbances of the Daily Cycle by Larger Scale Flows
182
114 The Four Components of the Mountain Wind System
186
115 Diurnal Mountain Winds in Basins
197
116 Diurnal Mountain Winds over Plateaus
198
117 Other Local Thermally Driven Wind Systems
199
12
205
122 Air Quality Studies and Air Pollution Models
209

3
25
32 Atmospheric Composition
26
4
31
42 Temperature
33
43 Atmospheric Stability
38
44 The Atmospheric Boundary Layer and the Surface Energy Budget
42
5
49
52 Winds
60
6
73
62 Fronts
74
7
81
72 Fogs
94
8
99
82 Intensity of Precipitation
101
84 Formation of Precipitation
102
85 Spatial and Temporal Distribution of Precipitation
105
86 Icing
111
87 Mountain Thunderstorms
112
9
127
92 Forecasting Guidelines
128
Data Collection and Dissemination
129
94 Obtaining Professional Forecasts for Major Federal Projects
138
10
141
102 Flow over Mountains
146
103 Flow around Mountains
158
104 Flows through Gaps Channels and Passes
161
105 Blocking Cold Air Damming and Obstruction of Air Masses
165
The LowLevel Jet
168
11
171
123 Wind Speed and Air Pollution Concentrations
212
125 Synoptic Weather Categories and Air Pollution Dispersion
218
126 Mountainous Terrain and Atmospheric Dispersion
221
127 Assessing Air Pollution Potential in Mountain Terrain
235
131 The Fire Environment
239
132 Fuel Moisture Content
241
133 Fire Weather in Complex Terrain
242
134 Critical Fire Weather
254
135 Prescribed Fire and Smoke Management
259
HAROLD W THISTLE JOHN W BARRY 14
273
141 Overview of Aerial Spraying
275
142 Meteorological Factors that Affect Aerial Spraying Operations
279
143 Spray Deposition
285
144 Additional Considerations in Complex Terrain
286
145 Collection of Meteorological Data
288
146 Computer Modeling
293
147 Integration of Meteorological Information into Operations
295
References
299
Appendixes
303
B Psychrometric Tables
307
C Sources of Information on Weather Monitoring and Instrumentation
308
D Units Unit Conversion Factors and Time Conversions
309
E Solar Radiation on Slopes
312
F Additional Reading
319
G METAR and TAP Code Abbreviations
321
Glossary
325
Index
343
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C. David Whiteman is a Staff Scientist at the United States Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in Richland, Washington, where he does research in mountain meteorology, boundary layer meteorology, and air pollution meteorology. He also teaches meteorology at Washington State University, is a Certified Consulting Meteorologist, and serves as an editor of the Journal of Applied Meteorology.

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