Isaac Newton

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Oxford University Press, 1 нояб. 2005 г. - Всего страниц: 160
Quarrelsome and quirky, a disheveled recluse who ate little, slept less, and yet had an iron constitution, Isaac Newton rose from a virtually illiterate family to become one of the towering intellects of science. Now, in this fast-paced, colorful biography, Gale E. Christianson paints an engaging portrait of Newton and the times in which he lived. We follow Newton from his childhood in rural England to his student days at Cambridge, where he devoured the works of Copernicus, Kepler, and Galileo, and taught himself mathematics. There ensued two miraculous years at home in Woolsthorpe Manor, where he fled when plague threatened Cambridge, a remarkably fertile period when Newton formulated his theory of gravity, a new theory of light, and calculus--all by his twenty-fourth birthday. Christianson describes Newton's creation of the first working model of the reflecting telescope, which brought him to the attention of the Royal Society, and he illuminates the eighteen months of intense labor that resulted in his Principia, arguably the most important scientific work ever published. The book sheds light on Newton's later life as master of the mint in London, where he managed to convict and hang the arch criminal William Chaloner (a remarkable turn for a once reclusive scholar), and his presidency of the Royal Society, which he turned from a dilettante's club into an eminent scientific organization. Christianson also explores Newton's less savory side, including his long, bitter feud with Robert Hooke and the underhanded way that Newton established his priority in the invention of calculus and tarnished Liebniz's reputation. Newton was an authentic genius with all too human faults. This book captures both sides of this truly extraordinary man.

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ISAAC NEWTON

Пользовательский отзыв  - Kirkus

Slender but detailed life of the famed scientist and inventor.Isaac Newton was fortunate enough to have traded up at birth: his small-landholding father died and his mother married a rich man and ... Читать весь отзыв

LibraryThing Review

Пользовательский отзыв  - krazy4katz - LibraryThing

I learned a lot about Newton that I didn't know. I also enjoyed the background information about England during his lifetime. I probably would have given it a higher rating if I had liked him more. I ... Читать весь отзыв

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TO PLAY PHILOSOPHICALLY
1
MY GREATER FRIEND
12
OF GENIUS FIRE AND PLAGUE
24
THE REVOLUTIONARY PROFESSOR
34
KINDLING COAL
43
THE ALCHEMIST
53
A BOOK NOBODY UNDERSTANDS
63
YOUR MOST UNFORTUNATE SERVANT
77
MARK OF THE LION
88
THE ROYAL SOCIETY
101
WAR
110
LIKE A BOY ON THE SEASHORE
122
NOTES
129
FURTHER READING
135
INDEX
141
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Стр. 54 - Fillet of a fenny snake, In the cauldron boil and bake : Eye of newt, and toe of frog, Wool of bat, and tongue of dog...
Стр. 59 - I will go before thee, and make the crooked places straight; I will break in pieces the gates of brass, and cut in sunder the bars of iron ; and I will give thee the treasures of darkness, and hidden riches of secret places, that thou mayest know that I, the Lord, which call thee by thy name, am the God of Israel.
Стр. 128 - I do not know what I may appear to the world, but to myself I seem to have been only like a boy playing on the sea-shore, and diverting myself in now and then finding a smoother pebble or a prettier shell than ordinary, whilst the great ocean of truth lay all undiscovered before me.
Стр. 72 - ... every other particle with a force proportional to the product of the masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them.
Стр. 28 - After dinner, the weather being warm, we went into the garden and drank thea, under the shade of some appletrees, only he and myself. Amidst other discourse, he told me, he was just in the same situation as when formerly the notion of gravitation came into his mind. It was occasion'd by the fall of an apple, as he sat in a contemplative mood.
Стр. 56 - What his aim might be I was not able to penetrate into, but his pains, his diligence at these set times made me think he aimed at something beyond the reach of human art and industry.
Стр. 26 - All this was in the two plague years of 1665 and 1666, for in those days I was in the prime of my age for invention, and minded mathematics and philosophy more than at any time since.
Стр. 56 - He very rarely went to bed till two or three of the clock, sometimes not until five or six, lying about four or five hours, especially at spring and fall of the leaf, at which times he used to employ about six weeks in his elaboratory, the fire scarcely going out either night or day...
Стр. 31 - I deduced that the forces which keep the Planets in their Orbs must [be] reciprocally as the squares of their distances from the centers about which they revolve : and thereby compared the force requisite to keep the Moon in her orb with the force of gravity at the surface of the earth, and found them answer pretty nearly.

Об авторе (2005)

Gale E. Christianson is retired from Indiana State University, where he served as Distinguished Professor of the College of Arts and Sciences and Professor of History. Among his many books are In the Presence of the Creator: Isaac Newton and His Times, Edwin Hubble: Mariner of the Nebulae, and Greenhouse: The 200-Hundred Year Story of Global Warming. He is a Guggenheim Fellow, a Huntington Library Fellow, and the recipient of numerous other grants and awards. Christianson lives in Terre Haute, where he continues to research and write.

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