University of Chicago Press, 1977 - Всего страниц: 202
In this innovative and comprehensive work, expanded by one-third for the English-language edition, Henri Leridon integrates biology and demography to investigate human fertility, both natural and controlled. Traditionally, demographers have been concerned with birthrates in different populations under varying conditions, while biologists have limited themselves to the study of the reproductive process. Leridon has formulated the first coherent overview of the functioning of the human reproductive system in relation to the external conditions that affect fertility.
The book begins with a readable, authoritative review of human fertility in its natural state. Leridon summarizes and evaluates current knowledge, drawing together rare statistical data on physiological variables as well as demographic treatments of these data. After discussing the classical framework used by demographers, Leridon undertakes a "microdemographic" analysis in which he focuses on the individual and explicates the biological processes through which social, psychological, and economic factors affect fertility. He isolates its components—fecundability, intrauterine mortality, the physiological nonsusceptible period, and sterility—then reviews the composite effect of variation in any one component.
Leridon considers situations of controlled fertility: contraception, abortion, and sterilization. The author also presents valuable new data from his own investigations of varying risks of intrauterine mortality. Finally, he shows how the previous approaches can be complemented by the use of mathematical models.
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age at marriage analysis anovulation average beta function birth intervals birth order Boue calculated chapter chromosomal cohort components conceiving couples demographic distribution duration of amenorrhea duration of breast-feeding duration of marriage effective fecundability entry into observation equal estimate example fertility rates final family French and Bierman frequency function gestation Henry hormonal contraception Hutterites hypotheses increase intervals between births intrauterine deaths intrauterine mortality Jain Leridon live births Martinique mean age mean fecundability mean number menopause menses method microsimulation miscarriage natural fertility nonsusceptible period number of children number of conceptions number of pregnancies number of women obtained occur ovulation ovum parameters parity progression ratio permanent sterility physiological populations possible postpartum Potter proportion of women puberty rank rate of intrauterine reproductive period risk of intrauterine sample sexual intercourse Shapiro spontaneous abortion stillbirths survey tion values variables variance various weeks woman