Human Emotions

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Springer Science & Business Media, 11 нояб. 2013 г. - Всего страниц: 496
In recent years-especially the past decade, in sharp contrast to preceding decades-knowledge in the field of emotions has been steadily increasing. This knowledge comes from many different specialties: Emotion is a truly interdisciplinary subject. Workers in the fields of physiology, neurology, ethology, physiological psychology, personality and social psychology, clinical psychology and psychiatry, medicine, nursing, social work, and the clergy are all directly concerned with emotion. Professions such as law and architecture have an obvious concern with emotions as they affect human motives and needs. The various branches of art, especially the performing arts, certainly deal with the emotions, especially with the expression of emotions. Constantine Stanislavsky, the Russian theatrical genius, revolu tionized modem theater by developing a training method for actors and actresses that emphasized creating genuine emotion on the stage, the emotion appropriate to the character and the life situation being depicted. Indeed, one can hardly think of any human activity that is not related in some way to the field of emotion. Since the contributions to the subject of emotions come from so many different disciplines, it is difficult to find the important common themes that can yield an understanding of the field as a whole. This volume will attempt to make that task easier, but I recognize that no one can treat all of the diverse material expertly and in detail. My aim will be to represent all important types of contributions and perhaps point the way for further and more intensive study of special topics.
 

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Содержание

Chapter
1
Chapter
8
How Do Emotions Affect Us?
9
Summary
17
Arousal Activation and Dimensions
27
Emotions as Derivatives of Biological Processes and Mixtures
35
DIFFERENTIAL EMOTIONS THEORY
43
THE FACE THE FUNDAMENTALEMOTIONS AND AFFECT
67
The Development of InterestCognition Interactions
229
Summary
236
The Development of Joy in the Child
246
Joy Interactions with Other Affects Cognition and Action
255
Understanding and Experiencing Joy
270
SURPRISESTARTLE
277
DISTRESSANGUISH GRIEF AND DEPRESSION
285
Grief
303

Emotion Expression and the Sense of Touch
77
The Fundamental Emotions
83
Some Common Patterns or Combinations of Affects
92
BASIC PRINCIPLES AND METHODS IN THE PSYCHOLOGY
99
Methods of Studying the Emotions
109
Summary
128
The Emotions as Organizing Factors in Consciousness
139
Hemispheric Functions of the Brain Emotions and States
150
Summary
159
Pain and Sex and Their Interactions with Emotions
167
Summary
186
INTERESTEXCITEMENT AND INTRINSIC MOTIVATION
189
Functional Autonomy Propriate Striving and Ego Involvement
195
The Motivational Aspect of Competence
201
Summary
209
The Significance of InterestExcitement
223
Summary
326
Anger Disgust Contempt in Relation to Hostility and Aggression
342
Summary
353
Fear Interactions with Other Emotions as Forms of Anxiety
376
Summary
382
The Activation and Causes of Shame
393
The EvolutionaryBiological and Psychological Functions of Shame
399
The Development of Shame and Shyness in the Child
405
The Interactions of Shame with Social Behavior and Other Affects
414
GUILT CONSCIENCE AND MORALITY
421
Theoretical Conceptions of Guilt
429
Experimental Studies of Guilt
437
Summary
450
Author Index
481
Subject Index
489
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