Competitive Authoritarianism: Hybrid Regimes after the Cold War
Based on a detailed study of 35 cases in Africa, Asia, Latin America, and post-communist Eurasia, this book explores the fate of competitive authoritarian regimes between 1990 and 2008. It finds that where social, economic, and technocratic ties to the West were extensive, as in Eastern Europe and the Americas, the external cost of abuse led incumbents to cede power rather than crack down, which led to democratization. Where ties to the West were limited, external democratizing pressure was weaker and countries rarely democratized. In these cases, regime outcomes hinged on the character of state and ruling party organizations. Where incumbents possessed developed and cohesive coercive party structures, they could thwart opposition challenges, and competitive authoritarian regimes survived; where incumbents lacked such organizational tools, regimes were unstable but rarely democratized.
High Linkage and Democratization Eastern Europe
Linkage Leverage and Democratization in the Americas
The Dynamics of Competitive Authoritarianism
Transitions without Democratization
Diverging Outcomes in Asia
Другие издания - Просмотреть все
Competitive Authoritarianism: Hybrid Regime Change in Peru and Ukraine in ...
Steven Levitsky,Lucan Way
Просмотр фрагмента - 2001
abuse Africa Conﬁdential Albania Armenia autocrats Belarus Benin Botswana Cambodia Cameroon candidates coalition coercive capacity cohesion Communist competitive authoritarian regimes Conaghan conﬂict constitutional countries crisis Croatia Decalo defection Democracy democratizing pressure difﬁcult domestic Dominican Republic economic electoral elite emerged European external ﬁnance ﬁnancial ﬁrst fraud Freedom House Frelimo Fujimori Gabon Georgia Ghana Guyana Haiti high leverage high linkage Human Rights incumbents independent inﬂuence institutions Kenya leaders Madagascar major Malawi Malaysia McFaul medium Mexico military Miloˇsevi´c Moldova Mozambique National Nicaragua ODIHR ofﬁce ofﬁcials opposition challenges opposition forces opposition parties organizational power organizations parliament percent Peru playing ﬁeld police political post–Cold President presidential protest regime outcomes regional repression Romania rule Russia score security forces Serbia signiﬁcant Slovakia Soviet stable Taiwan television tion transition triggered turnover U.S. Department Ukraine United University Press Unstable Authoritarianism Vachudova 2005b vote weak Western Yeltsin Zambia Zimbabwe