Ancient Egyptian Materials and Technology

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Paul T. Nicholson, Ian Shaw, Cambridge University Press
Cambridge University Press, 23 мар. 2000 г. - Всего страниц: 702
This is a study of the procurement and processing of raw materials employed by the ancient Egyptians over the five millennia of the Predynastic and Pharaonic periods (c. 5500-332 BC). During this time, not only were there variations in the preferred materials for particular types of artefacts, but also gradual processes of technological change, and the industries of the Chalcolithic period were complemented and sometimes superseded by the innovations of the Bronze and Iron Ages. Among the topics covered are stone quarrying, the building of temples and pyramids, techniques for preserving meat, fish, and poultry, glass and faience, the baking of bread, brewing of beers, preparation of oils and perfumes, and the mummification of humans and animals. Each chapter has been written by one or more specialists, drawing not only on conventional Egyptological skills but also on expertise in the natural sciences as applied to archaeological data.
 

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Содержание

CAROL VAN DRIELMURRAY
8
Stone
47
132
62
134
79
Soil including mudbrick architecture
81
135
91
moulding for an ornamental pool
97
Painting materials
105
10
343
drawing after an original by
359
637
389
123
396
640
451
18
458
126
466
Organic materials
507

316
116
459
118
Pottery
125
Parva Fitzwilliam Museum
127
353
137
14
145
Metals
164
Egyptian faience
194
155
222
335
249
177
252
patterns and cut outs Composite
315
127
555
9
636
13
644
Meat processing
661
339
673
460
675
461
683
Papyrus
684
346
688
Basketry
692
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